March 2006 Part 1. Important Safety Information for CMV Drivers What Happens in a Truck Rollover? www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safetybelt CMV SAFETY BELT PARTNERSHIP Tell Us Your Story. Has a Safety Belt Saved Your Life? Safety Belt Use for CMV Drivers is the Law.
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Important Safety Information for CMV Drivers
CMV SAFETY BELT PARTNERSHIP
Has a Safety Belt Saved Your Life?
Title 49, Section 392.16 of the Code of Federal Regulations states:
“A commercialmotor vehicle that has a seat belt assembly installed at the driver’s seat shall not be driven unless the driver has properly restrained himself/herself with the seat belt assembly.”
American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
American Society of Safety Engineers
American Trucking Associations
Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Great West Casualty Company
International Association of Chiefs of Police
National Association of Publicly Funded Truck Driving Schools
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
National Private Truck Council
National Safety Council
National Tank Truck Carriers
Network of Employers for Highway Safety
Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association
Property Casualty Insurers Association of America
Truckload Carriers Association, Professional Truck Drivers Institute
Truck Manufacturers Association
As professional organizations representing a substantial number of
truck drivers, law enforcement officers, manufacturers, and insurers
in the commercial motor vehicle industry throughout North America,
we believe our members should set the example for the motoring public.
A recent study conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation shows
only 54 percent of commercial motor vehicle drivers wear safety belts
compared to 82 percent of passenger vehicle drivers.
In 2004, close to half of the 634 commercial motor vehicle drivers killed
in crashes were not wearing safety belts. Of those killed, 168 of them
were ejected from their vehicles, and nearly 3 out of 4 were not
wearing safety belts.
We have made a commitment to increase safety belt use in the
commercial driver community.
CMV SAFETY BELT PARTNERSHIP
In 2004, there were –
5,190 Fatalities in large truck-related crashes.
116,000 Injuries in large truck-related crashes.
23,000 Estimated number of drivers of large trucks injured in crashes.
Effectiveness and comfort decrease when your safety belt is worn
improperly. Here’s what you don’t want to do:
Here’s what you do want to do:
To correct a shoulder belt that is too snug or rubs against
1. Bring the belt snugly over your body, pull the shoulder belt out at
least 5 inches and let it return to your chest.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt only as far as necessary to ease
the pressure and let it go. The shoulder belt will then stay in
3. Get rid of additional slack, every so often, pull the belt out at least
five inches and let go. Slack is automatically removed. Check
your owner’s manual for detailed instructions on the amount of
slack considered safe for that model.
You should also consider how your family might be impacted if
you were unbuckled and involved in a crash.
I,, have received a copy of
safety belt policy.
I have read the policy and have had the opportunity to ask questions.
I fully understand the company’s penalty for violation of this policy.
I hereby pledge that I will use safety belts whenever driving or riding in
a company vehicle or in any other vehicle when on company business.
I also pledge that passengers of vehicles I am driving will wear safety
[Signature of Employee]
[Signature of Supervisor]
Myths and Facts About Safety Belts
Safety belts are uncomfortable and restrict movement.
The 2005 Transportation Research Board study on commercial drivers’ safety belt use found many drivers do not find wearing safety belts to be uncomfortable or restrictive of their movements. Once they correctly adjust the seat, lap and should belt, most drivers find that discomfort and restrictive movement can be alleviated.
Wearing a safety belt is a personal decision that doesn't affect anyone else.
Not wearing a safety belt can certainly affect your family and loved ones. It can affect other motorists since wearing a safety belt can help you avoid losing control of your truck in a crash. It's also the Law; Federal regulations require commercial vehicle drivers to buckle up.Safety belts are a driver’s last line of defense in a crash.
Safety belts prevent your escape from a burning or submerged vehicle.
Safety belts can keep you from being knocked unconscious, improving your chances of escape. Fire or submersion occur in less than 5% of fatal large truck crashes.
It’s better to be thrown clear of the wreckage in the event of a crash.
An occupant of a vehicle is four times as likely to be fatally injured when thrown from the vehicle. In 2004, 168 truck drivers died when they were ejected from their cabs during a crash.
It takes too much time to fasten your safety belt 20 times a day.
Buckling up takes about three seconds. Even buckling up 20 times a day requires only one minute.
Good truck drivers don't need to wear safety belts.
Good drivers usually don't cause collisions, but it's possible that during your career you will be involved in a crash caused by a bad driver, bad weather, mechanical failure, or tire blowout. Wearing a safety belt prevents injuries and fatalities by preventing ejection, and by protecting your head and spinal cord.
A large truck will protect you. Safety belts are unnecessary.
In 2004, 634 drivers of large trucks died in truck crashes and 303 of those truck drivers were not wearing safety belts.
Safety belts aren't necessary for low-speed driving.
In a frontal collision occurring at 30 mph, an unbelted person continues to move forward at 30 mph causing him/her to hit frontal interior components (such as the steering wheel, instrument panel, or windshield) at about 30 mph. This is the same velocity a person falling from the top of a three-story building would experience upon impact with the ground.
A lap belt offers sufficient protection.
The lap and shoulder belt design has been proven to hold a driver securely behind the wheel in the event of a crash, greatly increasing the driver's ability to maintain control of the vehicle and minimizing the chance for serious injury or death.
AMERICA NEEDS YOU.
Knowledge Test 1
a. Increases the chance of death or serious injury
b. Decreases the chance of death or serious injury
c. Has no effect on the chance of
death or serious injury
2. If a vehicle is in a crash and becomes submerged in water, a driver’s chances of escaping from the vehicle are:
a. Increased by wearing a safety belt
b. Decreased by wearing a safety belt
c. Not affected by wearing a safety belt
6. Besides your own safety, not wearing a safety belt can certainly affect:
a. Your family and loved ones
b. Other motorists since wearing a safety belt can help you avoid losing control of your truck in a crash
c. All of the above
the driver’s chances of being injured are:
c. Not affected
Knowledge Test 2
Good drivers know how to avoid crashes. Only poor drivers need to wear safety belts.
Even expert and alert drivers have no control over other drivers on the road, including drunk drivers. Truck driving is third only to farming and mining in the number of fatalities per 100,000 workers.
If a vehicle catches on fire or submerges, the safety belts will trap the occupants inside.
Fire or submersion occurs in less than five percent of heavy-duty truck crashes. If you are belted and unhurt, you are more likely to remain conscious and alert. Therefore, you are more likely to be able to escape from the vehicle. If you are not wearing the safety belt, you are more likely to become unconscious or hurt by striking other parts of the vehicle’s interior.
Wearing a safety belt is a personal decision that doesn’t affect anyone else.
Not wearing a safety belt can certainly affect your family and loved ones. It can also affect other motorists since wearing a safety belt can help you avoid losing control of your truck in a crash. It’s the law; Federal regulations require commercial vehicle drivers to buckle up .
4. If you are thrown from the vehicle, your chances of injury will be lower than if you had been wearing your safety belt.
(True or False)
If you are thrown from a vehicle in a crash, the chances of death or serious injury are four times greater than ifyou remain belted inside. If you are thrown from the vehicle, you may land on hard or sharp objects, be scraped along the pavement, be struck by your own vehicle as it rolls over, or be struck by another vehicle.
Safety belts will not protect the driver against injury in the case of a side impact.
Side impacts can cause truck occupants to be thrown into each other or into hard interior surfaces of the cab. In addition, safety belts keep the driver in place so that control of the vehicle can be maintained, thereby providing the driver with the opportunity of avoiding a second or third collision.
Although studies have shown that safety belts reduce the chances of injury or death in automobiles, they do not apply to large trucks.
According to 2004 Fatal Accident Reporting System statistics, almost half of drivers of large trucks killed in crashes were not wearing their safety belt.
Forty-nine states (as of January 2006), the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico have laws requiring safety belt use.
Because most of these laws have been enacted during the past several years, many drivers are not yet aware of how serious the states are on the subject. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations also require that safety belts be used.