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UNCT Joint Support to MDG Achievement at Country-Level: The Case of El Salvador 15 July 2009 Jessica Faieta UN Resident Coordinator El Salvador. El Salvador Basic Facts. Region: Central America Area: 21,040 sq km – smallest in LA

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El salvador basic facts

UNCT Joint Support to MDG Achievement at Country-Level: The Case of El Salvador 15 July 2009Jessica FaietaUN Resident CoordinatorEl Salvador

El salvador basic facts
El Salvador Basic Facts

Region: Central America

Area: 21,040 sq km – smallest in LA

Population (2009):6.1 million (plus 3 million immigrants in US)

GDP per capita (2008): 3,612 USD (MIC)

Remittances (2008): 3,788 million (17.1% of GDP)

Underutilization rate(% of labor force):49.9%

Human Development Index (2008): 0.742 (middle HDI)

Position in HDI ranking (2008): 101/179

Poverty rate (headcount ratio) (2008): 46.4%

Recent government change

Mdg scorecard where is el salvador lagging behind
MDG Scorecard: Where is El Salvador lagging behind

Source: ELS MDG Report, 2009

Unct joint support to mdg achievement mdg report
UNCT Joint Support to MDG achievement: MDG Report

El Salvador MDG High Level Panel

Established by the President of El Salvador

Integrated by UNCT and Interministerial Committee

Chaired by UNRC and Minister of Education

Joint UN System and Government Technical Team

Coordinated by UNDP

Monthly discussion and agreements on data and indicators

Second National MDG Report including:

Updated MDG scorecard

Indicators methodology (from national sources)

Analysis of policies that contributed to MDGs

Recommendations for future policy options for next Gov



Crisis impact on mdgs
Crisis impact on MDGs

Poverty rates have increased 10 percentage points in the last two years

Backward step of 10 years in absolute and relative terms

Formal sector is losing jobs (around 30,000 since September 2008)

Underemployment rates might raise

Decent work rates are declining

Social budget have stagnated due to fiscal constraints

Remittances incomes (macroeconomic pillar) are falling:

Household expenditure on health and education is likely to decrease

Unct joint support to mdg achievement mdg 2
UNCT Joint Support to MDG achievement: MDG 2

  • Joint UNCT project: Poverty Alleviation and MDGs

    • Updated scorecard and National Plan for the MDGs

    • Policy analysis and recommendations for MDG achievement

  • Support to Ministry of Education

    • National Education Plan 2021 including MDG targets

    • Difficulties in achieving MDG 2

      • MDG 2 costing exercise

  • RC coordination jointly with UN agencies

    • Participating agencies: UNICEF, WFP, UNDP and UNESCO

    • Negotiations with Ministry of Education

    • UN Joint Project

    • Resource mobilization

Unct joint support to mdg achievement mdg 21

Problem identification

Focused UN support

UNCT Joint Support to MDG achievement: MDG 2


  • Costing for MDG 2 and National Education Plan

    • Data analysis to identify 400 lowest success schools

    • Identification of financial and human resources (% of GDP)

    • Fully trained national team on use of EPSSim tool

    • Strengthened national office technical capacity


  • Strengthen school feeding programs


  • Policies to raise academic success rate


  • Advise on EPSSim adaptation

Difficulties in keeping children at


Not easy to identify lowest performance


Recognition of financial and human

resources needed to achieve


National capacity development

Key success factors for un work in el salvador
Key success factors for UN work in El Salvador

  • Strong political commitment to MDG at highest levels

  • We work taking advantage of each UN agency comparative advantage:

    • UNFPA in statistics

    • UNICEF in children policies

    • UNDP as Human Development reference

    • WFP as nutrition experts

    • UNESCO in education policies

  • Strong UN staff technical capacity

    • Strengthened by specialized teams (i.e. MDG ST)

  • UN ability to engage and convene wide participation

    • Among UN agencies

    • With the Government

    • With the donors

  • Added-value: UN global capacity and expertise

Looking forward
Looking forward

  • Replicate this experience with new administration

    • Health sector (maternal and child mortality plus HIV-AIDS off track)

    • Cash Transfer Scheme (poverty rates likely to reverse due to crisis)

    • Urban Poverty Programme

  • Establishment of Local UN MDG Support Team coordinated by UNDP El Salvador

    • With participation of government specialists trained and UN System national staff

Key areas affected by crisis