Chapter 3 Physical Activity and Fitness. Lesson 1 Becoming Physically Fit. Click for:. >> Main Menu. >> Chapter 3 Assessment. Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation. Next >>. physical activity fitness exercise endurance.
Chapter 3 Physical Activityand Fitness Lesson 1 Becoming Physically Fit Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 3 Assessment Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation. Next >>
physical activity • fitness • exercise • endurance Any movement that makes the body useextra energy Being able to handle physical work and play each day without getting tired Planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one’s fitness The ability to perform difficult physical activity without getting over tired
The ability of a muscle to repeatedly use force over a period of time • muscle endurance • cardiovascular endurance • strength The measure of how well your heart and lungs work during moderate-to-vigorous physical activity or exercise The ability of your muscles to use force
flexibility • aerobic exercise The ability to move joints fully and easily through a full range of motion Rhythmic, moderate-to-vigorous activity that uses large amounts of oxygen and works the heart and lungs
anaerobic exercise • body composition Intense physical activity that builds muscle but does not use large amounts of oxygen Proportions of fat, bone, muscle, and fluid that make up body weight
In this lesson, you will be able to • discussthe benefits of physical activity. • explainhow to increase your strength, endurance, and flexibility. • applyadvocacy skills to tell others about the benefits of fitness. • recognizethe influence of body composition on fitness. • measureyour fitness using fitness tests.
Skimming Look over the lesson headings. Write a sentence or two describing what you think the lesson will contain. Lesson Headings • Physical Activity and Your Health • Benefits of Physical Activity • Elements of Physical Fitness • Types of Exercise • Effects of Body Composition on Fitness • Measuring Your Fitness
Physical Activity and Your Health Physical activity helps teens’ health in many ways. physical activity Any movement that makes your body use extra energy
Physical Activity and Your Health Fitness can be achieved through exercise. fitness Being able to handle physical work and play each day without getting overly tired exercise Planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one’s fitness
Benefits of Physical Activity Benefits of being physically fit include: • Building and maintaining bones and muscles • Managing body weight • Maintaining a healthy blood pressure • Maintaining heart and lung health • Reducing stress • Increasing social health
Your Responsibility to Yourself When you do what is best for your wellness, you are taking responsibility for your personal health behaviors. This shows you are mature. Others will trust you to make the right choices to care for yourself.
Elements of Physical Fitness Five Elements of Physical Fitness MuscleEndurance CardiovascularEndurance Strength Flexibility BodyComposition
Endurance Building overall endurance and muscle endurance can be achieved by spending more time doing a chosen exercise or physical activity. endurance The ability to perform difficult physical activity without getting overly tired muscle endurance The ability of a muscle to repeatedly use force over a period of time
Endurance You can build cardiovascular endurance by doing aerobic exercises for 30 minutes at least three times a week. cardiovascular endurance The measure of how well your heart and lungs work during moderate-to- vigorous physical activity or exercise
Strength The amount of work your muscles can do at a given time is a measure of your strength. strength The ability of your muscles to use force By increasing strength, you lessen the chances of getting lower back pain and hurting yourself when lifting things.
Flexibility You can increase your flexibility with regular, gentle stretches. flexibility The ability to move joints fully and easily through a full range of motion When you are flexible, you feel more comfortable and will be less likely to injure yourself when you exercise or play.
Types of Exercise Most physical activities and exercises can be described as aerobic exercise or anaerobic exercise. aerobic exercise Rhythmic, moderate-to-vigorous activity that uses large amounts of oxygen and works the heart and lungs anaerobic exercise Intense physical activity that builds muscle but does not use large amounts of oxygen
Effects of Body Composition on Fitness Physical fitness is tied to body composition. body composition The proportions of fat, bone, muscle, and fluid that make up your body weight If you exercise regularly, your body can gain muscle and lose fat.
Measuring Your Fitness Common Fitness Tests Balance Flexibility Strength CardiovascularEndurance
Lesson 1 Review What I Learned RestateName three ways that physical activity canbenefit mental/emotional health.
Lesson 1 Review What I Learned VocabularyDefine strength.
Lesson 1 Review What I Learned ListWhat are the three elements of fitness?
Lesson 1 Review What I Learned DescribeWhat is body composition?
Lesson 1 Review Thinking Critically InferWhy might stretching help a person performbetter at a sport?
Lesson 1 Review Thinking Critically EvaluateIn a brief paragraph, describe your ownthoughts and feelings about the benefits of beingphysically fit.
End of Chapter 3 Physical Activityand Fitness Lesson 1 Becoming Physically Fit Click for: >> Main Menu >> Chapter 3 Assessment