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World War II in the Pacific

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  1. World War II in the Pacific

  2. What actions did the Japanese take in the months after bombing Pearl Harbor? • Invaded Clark Field in the Philippines • Invaded and took control of the Philippine Islands

  3. Pearl Harbor (p. 754)

  4. Japanese Expansion Before World War II

  5. Bataan Death March • On Philippine Island • Led to the deaths of 10,000+ Filipino and American prisoners

  6. How did the Allies stop the Japanese from overrunning Australia? • Battle of the Coral Sea - US Navy sank one Japanese aircraft carrier and severely damaged two others • Prevented Japanese from establishing bases needed to bomb Australia from prior to an invasion

  7. Battle of the Coral Sea • Both navies not in sight of each other • Aircraft carrier vs. Aircraft carrier • Strategic US victory • Tactical draw • Prevented Japanese invasion of Australia

  8. Map 26.5 World War II in the Pacific, 1941–1942 (p. 772)

  9. How did the Allies turn the tide of the war in the Pacific? • Critical victory at Midway Island (June 1942) - prevented any more Japanese offensive actions in the Pacific • Allowed the Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific

  10. Battle of Midway • June 1942 - major US victory - Admiral Nimitz • US intercepted Japanese code and were waiting when Japanese fleet arrived • 4 Japanese carriers sunk • Allowed Allies to take the offensive in the Pacific.

  11. Map 26.6 World War II in the Pacific, 1943–1945 (p. 773)

  12. What success did the Allies have with their island-hopping strategy? • Great success - heavy casualties • Put them in a position to reach Japan with long range bombers.

  13. Battle of Guadalcanal • Aug 1942-Feb 1943 • Brutal island fighting • US victory - demonstrated US ability to take control of Japanese held islands • Prevented Japanese from establishing bases from which to invade Australia

  14. Pacific War: 1941-1944

  15. United States Advances in the Pacific, 1942–1945

  16. How did the decision to build and use the atomic bombs on Japan come about? • Suggestion from Albert Einstein moved FDR to authorize development of an atomic bomb • Scientific and technological ability • Advisory group could not recommend any alternatives.

  17. Battle of Iwo Jima • Bloody fighting • Famous picture • Movie: • Sands of Iwo Jima • Flags of our Fathers • Opened way for potential invasion of Japan • Demonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life

  18. Battle of Okinawa • Bloody fighting • Opened way for potential invasion of Japan • Demonstrated how costly invasion could be in terms of human life

  19. Iwo Jima and Okinawa

  20. World War II in the Pacific

  21. World War II in the Pacific

  22. kamikaze • Japanese for “divine wind” - religious significance historically • Suicide pilots intended to destroy enemy (US) ships • Damaged some ships but did not alter outcome of battles at sea

  23. What effects did dropping the atomic bombs have? • Destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan • Led to Japanese surrender (August 14, 1945 - official September 2, 1945) • Killed and injured thousands of Japanese

  24. Manhattan Project • Top secret project that led to the development of the first atomic bomb - tested July 1945 in Los Alamos, New Mexico • Best scientists, physicists, engineers

  25. Hiroshima and Nagasaki

  26. Hiroshima (p. 776)

  27. Manhattan Project

  28. Atomic Bomb Ends World War 2