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The Sonnet. Fourteen-line lyric poem with a single theme Written in iambic pentameter Sonnet Forms Shakespearean Petrarchan Spenserian Sonnet Sequence: a group of sonnets linked by theme or person addressed. Iambic Pentameter. each sonnet line consists of ten syllables

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The sonnet
The Sonnet

  • Fourteen-line lyric poem with a single theme

  • Written in iambic pentameter

  • Sonnet Forms

    • Shakespearean

    • Petrarchan

    • Spenserian

  • Sonnet Sequence: a group of sonnets linked by theme or person addressed

Iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter

  • each sonnet line consists of ten syllables

  • syllables are divided into five pairs called iambs or iambic feet

  • one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable (Iamb)

    da DUM/daDUM/daDUM/da DUM/da DUM

    When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME (Sonnet 12)

Shakespearean sonnet1
Shakespearean Sonnet

  • 14 line stanza

    • 3 four-line quatrains

      • Explores a different variation of the main theme

    • Concluding two-line couplet

      • Presents a summarizing/concluding statement

  • written in iambic pentameter

    • Iambic pentameter: U / U / U / U / U /

  • Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg

Sonnet 18
Sonnet 18

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:

Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st

Nor shall death brag thou wand’rest in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time though grow’st,

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

First Quatrain

Second Quatrain

Third Quatrain


Sonnet 18 practice
Sonnet 18 Practice

  • Paraphrase

    • Put into your own words

    • About the same length as the original

  • Paraphrase Sonnet 18

  • What is the theme?

Petrarchan italian sonnet
Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet

  • Two Parts

    • Eight-line octave

      • Intro. a problem or raises a question

    • Six-line sestet

      • Offers a solution

  • Rhyme Scheme

    • abbaabba

    • cdecde / cddcee / cdcdee

Whoso list to hunt
“Whoso List to Hunt”

  • Allegory

    • a literary work with two or more levels of meaning-one literal level and one or more symbolic levels.

    • Objects, events, characters stand for ideas and qualities beyond themselves.

Whoso list to hunt sir thomas wyatt
“Whoso List to Hunt” Sir Thomas Wyatt

Who is the hind?

literally = doe

Whoso list to hunt, I know where is an hind,

But as for me, alas, I may no more.

The vain travail hath wearied me so sore

I am of them that farthest cometh behind.

Yet may I, by no means, my wearied mind

Draw from the deer, but as she fleeth afore,

Fainting I follow. I leave off therefore,

Since in a net I seek to hold the wind.

Who list her hunt, I put him out of doubt,

As well as I, may spend his time in vain.

And graven with diamonds in letters plain

There is written, her fair neck round about,

“Noli me tangere, for Caesar’s I am,

And wild for to hold, though I seem tame.”

figuratively = Anne Boleyn


  • the hunter's pursuit of the hind (doe) = Wyatt's pursuit of Anne Boleyn

  • The doe belongs to Caesar = King Henry VIII’s “ownership” of Anne Boleyn

Whoso list to hunt questions
“Whoso List to Hunt” Questions

  • Find two examples of alliteration

  • Find a metaphor and explain what is being compared

  • What is the theme of the poem?

Spenserian sonnet1
Spenserian Sonnet

  • 3 quatrains, ends with a couplet

  • Rhyme Scheme: ABAB/BCBC/CDCD/EE

  • Introduced by Edmund Spenser who combined the forms of the Italian and English sonnets using an interlocking rhyme pattern

Sonnet 30 edmund spenser
Sonnet 30 Edmund Spenser

My love is like to ice, and I to fire;

How comes it then that this her cold so great

Is not dissolved through my so hot desire,

But harder grows the more I her entreat?

Or how comes it that my exceeding heat

Is not delayed by her heart frozen cold,

But that I burn much more in boiling sweat,

And feel my flames augmented manifold?

What more miraculous thing may be told

That fire which all thing melts, should harden ice,

And ice which is congealed with senseless cold,

Should kindle fire by wonderful device?

Such is the power of love in gentle mind,

That is can alter all the course of kind.

  • Label the rhyme scheme

  • What is the theme?