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The Sonnet. It’s going to be awesome. The Sonnet Defined. Sonnet : a fourteen line lyric poem, often written in iambic pentameter Lyric: highly musical verse about emotion Musical: expect rhythm and rhyme Have very clear rhyme schemes Emotion: often (but not always!) about love

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the sonnet

The Sonnet

It’s going to be awesome.

the sonnet defined
The Sonnet Defined
  • Sonnet: a fourteen line lyric poem, often written in iambic pentameter
    • Lyric: highly musical verse about emotion
      • Musical: expect rhythm and rhyme
        • Have very clear rhyme schemes
      • Emotion: often (but not always!) about love
        • Unrequited love: love that is not reciprocated or returned
    • Iambic pentameter

Penta: five times (for a total of ten syllables)

Iamb: unstressed syllable, stressed syllable

  • The word “sonnet” is from the Italian sonnetto, meaning “little song”
iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter

1 2 3 4 5

U / U / U / U / U /

  • One day I wrote her name u pon the strand,

U / U / U / U / U /

  • But came the waves and wash ed it a way:

U / U / U / U / U /

  • A gain I wrote it with a sec ond hand,

U / U / U / U / U /

  • But came the tide, and made my pains his prey
          • Edmund Spenser, Amoretti, Sonnet 75
two types of sonnets
Two Types of Sonnets

Differ in rhyme scheme and content development

petrarchan italian sonnet
Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet
  • Made famous by poet, Petrarch, during the Italian Renaissance
    • In love with a woman, Laura, who did not love him back
  • Separated into an octave and a sestet

6

8

the petrarchan sonnet in detail
The Petrarchan Sonnet in Detail

Octave

Sestet

Six Lines

Presents a solution

Presents an example

Presents a comment

Discusses idea other way

Rhyme scheme varies:

cdcdcd

cdecde

cdccdc

  • Eight Lines
  • Presents a problem
  • Presents an idea
  • Presents situation
  • Discusses idea one way
  • Rhyme scheme:
    • abbaabba

Volta or Turn:

The shift in poem, usually between lines 8 and 9

shakespearean english sonnet
Shakespearean/English Sonnet
  • Originated, in part, because English words are more difficult to rhyme than Italian words
  • Separated into three quatrains and a rhyming couplet

2

4

the shakespearean sonnet in detail
The Shakespearean Sonnet in Detail

Three Quatrains

Couplet

Two lines

Sum up sonnet

Theme or thesis

Reverse idea in quatrains

Rhyme Scheme:

gg

  • Quatrain: Four lines
  • Develop an idea
  • Rhyme Scheme:
    • ababcdcdefef

Volta, or turn, can take place between any rhyming group. (Most often between lines 12 and 13)

shakespearean sonnet example sonnet 63 william shakespeare
Shakespearean Sonnet Example:Sonnet 63, William Shakespeare

Against my love shall be as I am now,With Time's injurious hand crush'd and o'erworn;When hours have drain'd his blood and fill'd his browWith lines and wrinkles; when his youthful mornHath travelled on to age's steepy night;And all those beauties whereof now he's kingAre vanishing, or vanished out of sight,Stealing away the treasure of his spring; For such a time do I now fortifyAgainst confounding age's cruel knife,That he shall never cut from memoryMy sweet love's beauty, though my lover's life:His beauty shall in these black lines be seen,And they shall live, and he in them still green.

A

B

A

B

C

D

C

D

E

F

E

F

G

G