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Musculoskeletal System Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Musculoskeletal System Review. Anatomical Planes and Direction. Cranium. Mandible. Scapula. Clavicle. Sternum. Humerus. Ribs. Vertebrae. Radius. Pelvis. Ulna. Carpals. Metacarpals. Phalanges. Femur. Patella. Fibula. Tibia. Tarsals. Metatarsals. Phalanges. Synovial Joints.

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Presentation Transcript
slide4

Cranium

Mandible

Scapula

Clavicle

Sternum

Humerus

Ribs

Vertebrae

Radius

Pelvis

Ulna

Carpals

Metacarpals

Phalanges

Femur

Patella

Fibula

Tibia

Tarsals

Metatarsals

Phalanges

synovial joints
Synovial Joints
  • Freely movable joints that permit movement in one or more directions
  • 5 common types of synovial joints:
    • Ball and Socket joints
    • Hinge joints
    • Pivot joints
    • Saddle joints
    • Gliding joints
types of movement
Types of Movement
  • Flexion – the angle of the joint is decreased.
  • Extension – the angle of the joint is increased.
  • Abduction – a body part is moved away from the middle of the body.
  • Adduction – a body part is moved towards the middle of the body.
  • Rotation – a body part is moved either outwards or inwards around its long axis.
types of movement1
Types of Movement
  • Supination – a rotation of the forearm which causes the palm of the hand to face upwards.
  • Pronation – a rotation of the forearm which causes the palm of the hand to face downwards.
  • Inversion – a rotation of the sole of the foot inwards.
  • Eversion – a rotation of the sole of the foot outwards.
tendons ligaments cartilage
Tendons, Ligaments, & Cartilage
  • Tendons
    • Connect muscle to bone
    • Strains
    • Ex. Achilles tendon & biceps tendon
  • Ligaments
    • Connect bone to bone
    • Sprains
    • Ex. ACL, MCL, LCL, PCL, and ankle ligaments
  • Cartilage
    • Use for cushioning of joints
    • Ex. Meniscus and Labrum