Electricity (resistance, current, voltage) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Electricity (resistance, current, voltage)

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  1. Electricity (resistance, current, voltage) Instructor: Shelia Chase

  2. Electricity A form of energy resulting from the existence of charged particles (such as electrons or protons), either statically or as an accumulation.

  3. Electric Current • The flow of electric current • Charge flows when there is a potential difference, difference in potential (voltage) between ends of a conductor • In solids, electrons carry the flow • In fluids, positive and negative ions as well as electrons may flow

  4. Example If one end of a wire were connected to the ground and the other end placed on a Van de Graaff generator that is charged to a high potential, charge would flow through the wire. This would be brief flow, to have longer flow you would need to maintain the potential difference.

  5. Potential Difference http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F1p3fgbDnkY

  6. Voltage The voltage source is something that provides the potential difference. If you charge a metal sphere positively, and another negatively, you can develop a large voltage between them. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xPjES-sHwg

  7. Resistance The current also depends on the resistance that the conductor offers to the flow of the charge- the electrical resistance.

  8. Resistance • Similar to the rate of water flow in a pipe • Thick wires have less resistance than thin wires • Longer wires have more resistance than short wires.

  9. Resistance Measured in units called ohms, after Georg Simon Ohm, a German physicist who tested different wires in circuits to see what effect the resistance of the wire had on the current.

  10. Ohm’s Law Ohm discovered that the current in a circuit is directly proportional to the voltage impressed across the circuit and is inversely proportional to the resistance of the circuit, current = voltage/resistance

  11. Physics is fun!