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Civil War Basics
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  1. Civil WarBasics

  2. Dates: April 12, 1861 to April 9, 1865

  3. North Union Blue Yanks South Confederacy Gray Rebels

  4. The War for Constitutional Liberty The War for Southern Independence The Second American Revolution The War for States' Rights Mr. Lincoln's War The Southern Rebellion The War for Southern Rights The War of the Southern Planters The War of the Rebellion The Second War for Independence The War to Suppress Yankee Arrogance The Brothers' War The War of Secession The Great Rebellion The War for Nationality The War for Southern Nationality The War Against Slavery The Civil War Between the States The War of the Sixties The War Against Northern Aggression The Yankee Invasion The War for Separation The War for Abolition The War for the Union The Confederate War The War of the Southrons The War for Southern Freedom The War of the North and South The Lost Cause The War Between the States The Late Unpleasantness The Late Friction The Late Ruction The Schism The Uncivil War Names for the Civil War

  5. “…You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical and determined people on earth – right at your doors… Only in spirit and determination are you prepared for war” William Tecumseh Sherman

  6. The South States - 11 Population - 9 million – 4.2 million slaves Army enlistments – 1.2 -1.4 million TheNorth States - 24 Population – 22. 5 million Army enlistments 2.7 – 2.9 million The Numbers – Population - Manpower

  7. The South 20 % of RR Miles Gages not uniform TheNorth 80% of the RR miles Mostly Uniform Gage Of 470 locomotives all but 19 produced in the North The Numbers – Railroads

  8. The South Banking capital - $47 million Property values – $5.5 billion TheNorth First in Finance 4 times the bank deposits as the South Banking capital - $330 million Property values - $11 billion – The Numbers – Economic Strength

  9. The Numbers – Economic Strength - Manufacturing • TheNorth • 80% of Industrial Capacity • One county – New Haven Connecticut -- produced firearms valued at 10 times the capacity of the all the Confederacy combined. • 110,000 manufacturing facilities • 1.2 million industrial workers • The South • 100,000 industrial workers in all of the South

  10. Advantages - North • Superior Leadership – Lincoln • Larger Population • Military power-5 to 2 advantage in men available to fight

  11. Advantages - North • Industrial wealth – more manufactured goods • 97% of firearms • More trained mechanics

  12. Advantages - North • Greater wealth • Developed banking and finance system • Double the railroad miles

  13. Advantages - North • Two-thirds more farm acreage • Held more territory • Fought on Southern Soil • Controlled Shipping

  14. Disadvantages - North • Weak motivation • Un-aggressive officers • Far from home base • Communications and supplies • Vast land to conquer and hold • 2,000 miles of coast to blockade

  15. Advantages - South • Outstanding Military Leadership • Strong Military tradition • Strong motivation

  16. Advantages - South • Home court advantage • Skilled with guns and horses • Cotton – yes and no

  17. Disadvantages – South • Inflation – printed money without anything to back it. • Inferior numbers • Autocratic leadership Jefferson Davis • No “real” navy

  18. Brother Against Brother

  19. The End

  20. "...we are not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war, as well as their organized armies. • William Tecumseh Sherman