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The Geography of China

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  1. The Geography of China Susan M. Pojer edited by Mrs. Browne Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  2. Satellite View of China

  3. China’sProvinces

  4. China—Asia’s Superpower

  5. China vs. the U. S. in Size China United States

  6. Comparing China & the U. S.

  7. Countries & Regions Russia Mongolia N. Korea S> Korea Tibet Indian Subcontinent Taiwan Southeast Asia Philippines

  8. Cities Harbin BEIJING Nanjing Shanghai Xi’an Lhasa Taipei Guangzhou HongKong Macao

  9. Completed Political Map Harbin Mongolia BEIJING N. Korea S> Korea Tibet Nanjing Shanghai Xi’an Lhasa Indian Subcontinent Taipei Taiwan Guangzhou HongKong Macao Southeast Asia Philippines

  10. Topography

  11. China’s Topography

  12. Percentages of Different Landforms

  13. Pacific “Rim of Fire”

  14. Bodies of Water Amur River Sea of Japan Yellow Sea Huang-He River Yangtze River Xi River Pacific Ocean SouthChinaSea

  15. Major Rivers in China • Huang He River (Yellow River) • Yangtze River • Xi River • Amur River (along the border with Russia)

  16. The Polluted Yellow River!

  17. The Yangtze River

  18. Mountains & Peaks Altai Mts. Greater Khingan Tian Shan Kunlun Shan Himalayan Mts.

  19. The Great Wall of China

  20. Deserts & Plateaus Gobi Desert Taklamakan Desert Tibetan Plateau

  21. Gobi Desert

  22. Gobi Desert in winter

  23. Major Desert in China • Gobi Desert • Gobi means “waterless place” • Less than 5% is sand dunes

  24. Valleys / Plains / Basins Manchurian Plain North China Plain Tarim Basin Sichuan Basin

  25. North China Plain

  26. Completed Topographic Map Amur River Altai Mts. Greater Khingan Manchurian Plain North China Plain Tian Shan Sea of Japan Gobi Desert Tarim Basin Great Wall Taklamakan Desert Kunlun Shan Shabdong Peninsula Huang-He River Yellow Sea Tibetan Plateau Grand Canal CHUNG KUO Himalayan Mts. Sichuan Basin Yangtze River Xi River Pacific Ocean SouthChinaSea

  27. Climate

  28. China’s Climate Zones

  29. Major Climate Zones in China • Temperate (very much like our own NYS climate region) • Sub-tropical • Plateau “cool” (similar to our western states like Utah or Wyoming) • China is also affected by monsoons

  30. Monsoon Precipitation Patterns

  31. Winter Monsoons

  32. Summer Monsoons

  33. Monsoons • Summer Monsoons bring rain • Winter Monsoons bring dry winds

  34. Precipitation in China

  35. Summer Rainfall

  36. Vegetation

  37. Agricultural Regions in China

  38. Arable Land

  39. “Brown” China vs. “Green” China Wheat Dominant Pasture and Oasis Rice Dominant Double-crop rice

  40. South China

  41. Natural Resources

  42. Major Chinese Industries

  43. Fuels, Power, Minerals, & Metals in China

  44. Natural Resources • Coal • Iron ore • Some oil and natural gas • Metals like tungsten and lead

  45. Demographics

  46. China as % of World Population

  47. Top 10 Populated Nations 2001 2050

  48. Population Projections

  49. Population Density

  50. Population • China currently has the world’s largest population at ~1.2 billion • It is expected to be surpassed by India in the future • China’s “1 Child Policy” while no longer official has helped to stabilize and eventually decrease China’s population gradually