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The Geography of China:. Hong Kong. One in every five people in the world is Chinese. China’s population is four times that of the United States.a. Toilet paper was invented in China in the late 1300s. It was for emperors only.m. Foot Binding.

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One in every five people in the world is Chinese.

  • China’s population is four times that of the United States.a
foot binding
Foot Binding
  • The custom of binding feet (euphemistically called “golden lilies”) began among female entertainers and members of the Chinese court during the Song dynasty (A.D. 960-1279). Tightly wrapped bandages gradually broke the arch of the foot and caused the woman's toes and heel to grow inward toward one another. Her leg muscles would also atrophy and become very thin.

Cricket fighting is a popular amusement in China. Many Chinese children keep crickets as pets.

china s physical geography
China’s Physical Geography
  • China makes up roughly 4 million sq. mi. (similar to the USA)
  • It comprises about 6.5 per cent of the world total land area.
  • Modern China is the third largest country in the world, just behind Russia and Canada.
natural borders and landforms
Natural Borders and Landforms

The Gobi desert in northern China separates the country from its neighbors.

Eastern China has low-lying plains which form one of the largest farming regions.

The Pacific Ocean makes up the eastern border.

Rugged mountains make up western China.

QinlingShandi, an important mountain range, separates N. China from S. China

  • China is a mountainous country.
  • Two-thirds of its total land area covered by mountains, hills and plateaus.
  • Out of the world's twelve high peaks of more than 8,000 meters, seven are located in China.
weather and temperature
Weather and Temperature

Different regions of China have different climates.

  • The Northeast has a cold and dry climate
  • The Northwest is made up of dry desert.
  • The Eastern Plains experience heavy rainfall.
  • The Southeast has a tropical climate. It is the wettest region. During the monsoon season they can get up to 250 inches of rain.
rivers of china
Rivers of China

Rivers also play a major role in China, both for transportation and for irrigation.

Two major rivers flow west to east.

  • Huang He or Yellow River
    • Stretches 3000 mi across N. China
    • River often floods and leaves layers of silt
    • Nicknamed “China’s Sorrow” because these floods can be very destructive
  • Chang Jiang or Yangzi River
    • Cuts through central China
    • Third longest river in the world
  • Most people in China still work as farmers or herders. Major crops include wheat and rice.
  • Fishing is also a major industry along the coasts.
  • China has considerable natural resources
    • Coal
    • Lead
    • Zinc
    • Copper
    • Tungsten
    • Gold.
    • Oil