Mindsets: Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset. Winning Scotland Foundation September 19, 2008. “I don’t divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures… I divide the world into the learners and nonlearners.”. - Benjamin Barber. Mindsets.
Mindsets:Developing Talent Through a Growth Mindset Winning Scotland Foundation September 19, 2008
“I don’t divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures… I divide the world into the learners and nonlearners.” - Benjamin Barber
Mindsets • Fixed Mindset: Intelligence/talent is a fixed trait …Myth of the “natural” • Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed …Talent is a starting point
Mindsets • Which mindset is correct? • Which mindset is most popular? • Do people hold the same mindsets across different areas? • Are the mindsets related to people’s ability? • Can mindsets be changed?
How the Mindsets Work? The Mindset Rules
Rule #1 Fixed Mindset: LOOK SMART OR TALENTED AT ALL COSTS Growth Mindset: LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
MindsetsLooking Smart vs. Learning Fixed Mindset “The main thing I want when I do my school work is to show how good I am at it.” Growth Mindset “It’s much more important for me to learn things in my classes than it is to get the best grades.”
Where Does This Lead?Math Grades growth fixed
Who Chooses to Repair a Crucial Deficiency? Interest in English Course
Tiger Woods • Youngest Masters winner • Lowest score ever • Took apart his game and restructured it.
Rule #2 Fixed: DON’T WORK TOO HARD “To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like I’m not very smart.” Growth: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY “The harder you work at something, the better you’ll be at it.”
High effort=low ability: Worst belief anyone can have • This is why many gifted athletes fail
Measures • Athletic ability is ____% natural talent and ____% effort/practice • Players were assigned 2 points for each goal scored and 1 point for each assist that resulted in a goal • None of the participants were goalkeepers.
Correlation BetweenEffort Beliefs and Points EarnedBelief in Effort Predicts Higher Performance Over the Season
Rule #3 IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS… Fixed Mindset: CONCEAL MISTAKES OR DEFICIENCIES Growth Mindset: EMBRACE MISTAKES, CONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
After a failure… Fixed Mindset: “I’d spend less time on this subject from now on.” “I would try not to take this subject ever again.” “I would try to cheat on the next test.” Growth Mindset: “I would work harder in this class from now on.” “I would spend more time studying for the tests.”
REPAIRING SELF-ESTEEMComparing Ourselves to ThoseBelow Us or Above Us? Level of Strategies Examined
Practicing Your Strength or WeaknessPercentage Selecting Tutorial on the Topic They Failed Percentage
CHRIS HOY IN 2005, HIS SPECIALTY WAS ELIMINATED FROM THE OLYMPICS; HE HAD TO REINVENT HIMSELF.
Chris HoyWhy he surpassed the “talented” kids “Maybe because they were so gifted and won so easily, they didn’t really have the desire to work hard when they had to, and they also didn’t like the feeling of losing when it happened.” From Orr & Kemp, “Be a Winner”
Deflecting the Blame • Sergio Garcia • John McEnroe • Colin Montgomerie
COLIN MONTGOMERIE Putting is not a strong feature of his game. He is noted for his lack of focus, and quite often becomes distracted by seemingly very minor incidents. When not playing well, tantrums and blaming others.
Mindset and Flow Racing Car Drivers
MindsetIs Athletic Ability Fixed? • 1. You have a certain level of athletic ability, and you cannot really do much to change that. • 2. Your core athletic ability cannot really be changed. • 3. You can learn new things, but you can't really change your basic athletic ability.
Correlation BetweenMindset and FlowMindset Predicts Loss of Self-Consciousness
Where Do Mindsets Come From? Messages We Send
Praise Sends A Message Intelligence Praise: “That’s a really good score. You must be smart at this.” Effort/Process Praise: “That’s a really good score. You must have tried really hard.”
Effects of Intelligence vs. Effort Praise • Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth • Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning After Difficult Trial: • Motivation: Low vs. High • Performance: Decreased vs. Increased
Number of problems solved on Trial 1 (before failure) and Trial 3 (after failure). Number of Problems Solved
Lying Students who misrepresented their scores Type of Praise Given
College Coaches Asks… Where are the coachable athletes?
Can Mindsets Be Changed? How Intelligence (Talent) is Portrayed