PAIN MANAGEMENT GROUP. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION. The objective of this pain management program is to help you understand what chronic pain is, why certain treatments have been prescribed, and help you explore/develop “new” skills for coping with pain so you can enjoy a fuller life. .
1. Understand the pain process
2. Recognize what factors increase or decrease pain
3. Understand proper use of medication and their side effects
4. Enhancement of physical functioning
5. Learn how to improve your sleep, mood and relationships
6. Reduction of pain intensity
The role of the Peripheral Nerves in pain
1. This involves processes that take place in the peripheraltissues, such as muscles spasm, nerve irritation, inflammation, and in the nervous system.
2. In chronic pain what appears to have happened is that during regeneration of a nerve that has been injured, spontaneous pain messages will be sent to the spinal cord; this “injured nerve” then fails in conducting its normal checks and balances of “normal pain” nerves, and continues to fire even though no injury is occurring.
3. influence how pain is interpreted. This results in the spinal cord being bombarded by persistent intense levels of pain signals, which results to changes in various areas of the spinal cord. Thus, these areas that are responsible for regulating pain in the spinal cord, eventually lose their ability to respond to the normal checks and balances which serves to modulate or dampen pain, and act independently to perpetuate the pain signal
“Do not wait for events to unfold as
you wish them to unfold. Decide to
want what occurs……and you will
Epictetus, 1st century B.C.
Environment process of information change from the thoughts, images and emotions of mind to the biochemical responses within the individual cells of the tissues and organs of the body.
1. Identify thoughts and situations associated with depression and or anxiety
Learned Helplessness, anger and responsibility
Forgiveness; Naming the injury, Claiming the injury, Blaming the injurer, Balancing the scales, Choosing to forgive
Healthy Attitudes Stress; Stress hardiness, Optimism, Empathy
Building a foundation for attitude change
Affirmations, Sources of self esteem,
what is less uncomfortable
“openly” to your partner
what makes you feel
1 to stage 4 and then to REM
sleep in about 90 minutes
through 4-5 of these 90
minute sleep cycles
or watch television limit this to 30 minutes.
associate the bed with sleep,
make sure you feel drowsy
when you turn the lights off
to go to sleep.
or anxiety provoking
situations depends on
whether they perceive
that they have control
over their environment
and or situation.
1- Learning how to relax
2- Increase the number of pleasant activities
3- Learn how to change/relate in various social situations
4- Learn how to be aware and change your negative thinking
5- Learn how to approach problems more constructively
feel more or less