National Information Exchange Model (NIEM)Data Architecture SubcommitteeStatus and FutureSeptember 14, 2006 Kshemendra Paul Chief Enterprise Architect US DOJ
Web Site (www.niem.gov) Activity Web site activity for the period from June 1, 2006 to August 31, 2006 • Average hits / day • 1,842 pre-beta • 10,923 currently • Average downloads / day • 11 pre-beta • ~100 currently
Agenda • What is NIEM? • NIEM Goals and Objectives • NIEM Conceptual Architecture • NIEM Organization and Governance • NIEM Deliverables • NIEM Pilots • NIEM Status • NIEM Web Site • DAS / NIEM Opportunities to Collaborate • Lessons Learned • Next Steps • Discussion
What is NIEM? • NIEM was launched on February 28, 2005, through a partnership agreement between the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) • NIEM brings Communities of Interest (COIs) together to: • Develop (and harmonize) (reusable) data exchange components • Leverage (NIEM and external) data exchange components to build information exchanges • Publish and discover reusable information exchanges • Provide public domain standards and technical tools to support the above • Provide training, technical assistance and implementation support services for enterprise-wide information exchange
NIEM Use Cases • To effectively exchange information, there must be a common semantic understanding of data among participants, and the data must be formatted in a consistent manner. • NIEM provides reusable components and IEPDs for exchanges • Between NIEM domains (inter-domain). • Within NIEM domains (intra-domain)(where multiple sub communities exist within a single NIEM domain, e.g. justice).
Built on the Global JXDM • NIEM is deeply rooted in the GJXDM and Global Justice Community, and committed to maintaining and growing that relationship • The Global Justice XML Data Model (Global JXDM) has • A robust, mature framework that is rich, flexible, and extensible • An effective governance mechanism • Widespread recognition and use, especially among state and local agencies • NIEM builds on the demonstrated success of the GJXDM • NIEM 0.1 is based upon GJXDM 3.0.3 • The Global JXDM will form the justice domain of NIEM (the jxdm namespace) • The GXSTF will continue to represent the Global JXDM within NIEM
Built on the Global JXDM, continued NIEM = GJXDM + Expanded Scope + Lessons Learned • Incremental changes to GJXDM to address specific issues and expanded scope • A few examples: • Expanded Domains (Intel, International Trade, Emergency Mgt, Infrastructure Protection, etc.) • Better Modularity • Improve Reusability - Leveraging work of others – Discovery of IEPDs and components • Capturing Business Context • Incorporating feedback into the model - Model Refinement through use • Support for components from external standards • IEPD consistency
NIEM, ISE and the DRM • NIEM is an implementation of the cross-COI information sharing layer of the FEA DRM • The intelligence domain within NIEM is implementing the EO 13388 standards • The NIEM architectural goal is to allow independent governance of domain-specific standards via a “plug-in” architecture for domain data models.
NIEM Goals and Objectives • Deliver NIEM • Publish NIEM 1.0 • Ramp up and implement governance • Develop validated and vetted product roadmap • Catalyze NIEM adoption and usage with stakeholders • State/Local/Tribal practitioners • Federal Agency information technology initiatives • Authoritative bodies that can sponsor reference information exchanges for their COI • Support the Program Manager – Information Sharing Environment • National priority counter-terrorism information exchange standards leveraging NIEM • Deepen partnerships with communities of interest • Update and extend DOJ / DHS MOA to other federal agencies & their state/local/tribal partners • Finalize and implement NIEM / GJXDM convergence • Become the standard, by choice, for government information exchange • Follow information exchange requirements from current to future stakeholders • For example, fusion centers as an information exchange nexus
Fit With Federal Enterprise Architecture • Business – standard information exchanges • Focus on reuse and modification • Authoritative vs. non-authoritative • Discover / register exchanges via repository • Data – common vocabulary for building information exchanges • Focus on reuse • Federated, hierarchical domain structure • Optional and over-inclusive augmentation • Performance – measure information sharing • Use/reuse of information exchanges • Use/reuse of data components (in/out of model) • Line of sight provides actionable feedback Information Exchange Architectural Profile Policy Performance Influenced By NIEM Business Focus of NIEM Scope of FEA Data Services Technology
NIEM Federated Domain Architecture Data component - fundamental building block of NIEM. Data components are either Universal, Common, or Domain-specific. Universal components - data components commonly understood and reused among all domains; subject to NIEM governance. Common components - data components understood and potentially reused between two or more domains; subject to NIEM governance. Domain-Specific - components managed by a specific Community of Interest (may be reused with COI, available for reuse by others).
Business-driven Approach Disaster Management Homeland Security BRM Border & Transport Security Emergency Response LoBs Dispatch Services Person Screening Subfunctions Business processes many-to-many IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD IEPD Library Consistent Classification Independent Development NIEM
NIEM Domains • NIEM Domains: • Represent a subset of components expected • to be used in NIEM for inter-domain, • intra-domain exchanges or both • Are governed by a cohesive group of data • stewards who are domain experts, have some • level of authority over the domain and • harmonize semantic conflicts • Govern their own content under guidelines • established by NIEM PMO • Are wrapped in a namespace to facilitate • governance and to serve as the primary • taxonomy. NIEM NIEM Core Structures Universal Common NIEM Domains J Intel Im Sc IP IT EM ZN
External Domains NIEM • External Domains: • Represent a data standardization initiative • outside of NIEM • Do NOT fall under NIEM NDR or governance • Can be leveraged to create a new NIEM domain • May participate in NIEM in the following ways: • Total migration (the special case of GJXDM) • Wrap / refer (how an external standard is used) • Translate / map (NIEM set maps to original • data set) • Extract / use (translate and move original • data set) • Adopt (becomes a candidate for a new • NIEM domain) NIEM Core Structures Universal Common NIEM Domains J Intel Im Sc IP IT EM ZN External Domain External Domain
NIEM NDR IEPD Development vs the Model • IEPD Development • National priorities (e.g. NDEx, TWPDES) • Authoritative sources (e.g. Rap Sheet) • Local requirements The Model – NIEM reusablecomponents reuse /revise reuse add /replace add /replace NIEM IEPD Library (virtual)
4 2 2 IEPDs and Data Components IEPD External 0 External 1 Extension 6 4 6 5 External domains or standards Subset External domains or standards 1 External 3 External 2 3 3 2 NIEM 1 3 1, 5 – create 2, 4 – wrap / refer 3 – translate / map 6 – adopt
Executive orders, mission statements, business requirements, business context, policies/procedures Specific information exchange, high-level business requirements, existing IEPDs NIEM NDR NIEM IEPD for reuse library Data requirements, business context, exchange model Submission of candidate NIEM components, component business context Complete IEPD ExistingIEPD artifacts Gap analysis, specs for new components IEPD artifacts to share/reuse, metadata for discovery NIEM NDR Valid IEPD schemas, example instances, documentation, metadata IEPD Lifecycle 0 Scenarios,BRM Taxonomy 1 Info exchangerequirements 5 Publish +implement NIEM IEPDLife Cycle 2 Map +model 4 Assembleto IEPD spec 3 Build +validate
NIEM NDR NIEM NIEM NDR IEPD Lifecycle Specific information exchange, high-level business requirements, existing IEPDs Executive orders, mission statements, business requirements, business context, policies/procedures 0 Scenarios,BRM Taxonomy 1 Info exchangerequirements IEPD for reuse library Data requirements, business context, exchange model 5 Publish +implement Submission of candidate NIEM components, component business context NIEM IEPDLife Cycle 2 Map +model Complete IEPD ExistingIEPD artifacts 4 Assembleto IEPD spec 3 Build +validate Gap analysis, specs for new components IEPD artifacts to share/reuse, metadata for discovery Valid IEPD schemas, example instances, documentation, metadata
Topdown Bottom up IEPDs NBAC / NTAC:vet, harmonize, conformance NIEM Governance Staging Area Early Awareness & coordination NIEM Groups with common data interests IEPD Life Cycle Feeds the Data Model Maturity Life Cycle 0Scenarios,BRM taxonomies 1Info exchgrequirements NIEM IEPDLife Cycle 2Map +model 5 Publish +implement 3Build +validate 4Assembleto IEPD spec New component candidates & business context
Deliverables • Documentation • Introduction to NIEM • Concept of Operations • User Guide • NIEM Naming and Design Rules • Standards • NEIM 1.0 • IEPD requirements specs • Training and Technical • NIEM website • Training materials • Help desk • Tools • Component Mapping Template • Schema Subset Generation Tool • Graphical Browser • IEPD Repository • Governance and Processes • The structure to manage and maintain • NIEM and the processes and procedures • behind its operations.
Content Contributor Pilots DHS Immigration and Customs Enforcement ICE Enterprise Data Model mapping to NIEM DHS Customs and Border Protection United Nations Trade Data Elements Directory (UNTDED) DHS Emergency Management Adding Disaster Management, Resource Message contents Geospatial Community of Interest Adding Geospatial contents DHS Team 5 Pilot People Screening data elements from five DHS components DHS Infrastructure Protection (NADB) Adding infrastructure protection contents Early Adopter Pilots Intelligence Community Watchlist Message Pilot Terrorist Watchlist Person Data Exchange Standard (TWPDES) Working group, OCIO Watchlist and NCTC actively participating National Capital Region Data Exchange Hub Pilot Virginia, DC, and Maryland representatives leading the pilot In partnership with the Disaster Management eGov initiative Initial target: First responder resource request messages OCIO ITEP Pilots (kickoff in August 2006) Data model validation using semantic web techniques JIEM Tool for business stakeholder facilitation NIEM Pilots Based on Business Scenarios
NIEM Pilots Based on Business Scenarios With Funding & Support * * As Is (4Q FY06) RED = not completed or significant problems present YELLOW = initial activities either started or upgrades underway GREEN = Completed Interim To Be (3Q FY07) * = New to NIEM; SAR Shading Indicates Higher Risk Outcome
Status • NIEM 1.0 Beta 3 was released on September 11, 2006 • NIEM 1.0 Release Candidate end of September or early October • Scaling up and implementing Governance structures • Pilot projects underway • GJXDM convergence plan promulgated • Cross Federal alignment discussions underway
DAS / NIEM Opportunities to Collaborate • Number one priority – engagement from practitioners • Pilot projects – analysis through to implementation • Number two priority – feedback on products • NIEM 1.0 beta 3 / release candidate • Tools – available now • Introduction, Concept of Operations, & Naming and Design Rules • Enhanced, scaled-up Memorandum of Agreement • DAS has provided feedback on Concept of Operations • Substantial, comprehensive, and material feedback • Follow-up in place via Byron Waltham and Paul Embley • Data component harmonization • DAS and NIEM are looking at person object • DAS Governance (?) and NIEM Business Architecture Committee
Lessons Learned • GJXDM Usage Base and Governance Structure Enables NIEM • Governance and policy are the critical path, not technology • They are both also really hard • Process cannot replace relationships and trust • Balance between: inside / outside the beltway; architectural / operational • We are making progress – lots more to do • State and local involvement as first rank partners • As practitioners, stakeholders, thought leaders • Role of industry, academic partners • Success = adoption and use • Never forget that the best way to get this is the simplest – listen!
Next Steps • NIEM 1.0 Release Candidate in late September / early October • Scale Up Governance Activities • Catalyze Conversion of GJXDM IEPDs by Authoritative Bodies • ~58 IEPDs in OJP IEPD Clearinghouse (http://it.ojp.gov/iepd/) • PM-ISE national priority target outcomes • Counter-Terrorism Information Sharing Standards • Encourage and seed other independent adoption and use by COIs • Sponsored by Authoritative Bodies within a Communities of Interest • Driven by Practitioners with specific (inter-domain) information exchange requirements • Evolve and Scale DOJ / DHS MOA • Technical support • Help desk • Expand FAQ topics • Develop NIEM training materials • Expand communications and outreach efforts • Within existing COIs • Follow adoption to new domains and COIs • Executive, legislative, and judicial branches at the State, Local, Tribal and Federal levels
Conclusion • For more information visit the NIEM web site (http://www.niem.gov) • Contact NIEM by email at email@example.com • Questions and Discussion