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Performance Enhancement. Flexibility and Athletic Performance. Learning Log. What is flexibility? What are the benefits of flexibility? What types of flexibility are there?. General flexibility guidelines. Range of Motion (ROM) Range that a joint can be moved (flexion & extension)

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performance enhancement

Performance Enhancement

Flexibility and Athletic Performance

learning log
Learning Log
  • What is flexibility?
  • What are the benefits of flexibility?
  • What types of flexibility are there?
general flexibility guidelines
General flexibility guidelines
  • Range of Motion (ROM)
    • Range that a joint can be moved (flexion & extension)
    • Form can be altered with decreased ROM, reducing biomechanical efficiency and creating a climate for athletic injuries
general flexibility guidelines1
General flexibility guidelines
  • Benefits of flexibility
    • Decreased risk of injury
    • Reduced muscle soreness
    • Improved muscular balance and postural awareness
general flexibility guidelines2
General flexibility guidelines
  • Proper timing
    • Before activity – dynamic stretching is best
    • After activity – use static stretching, greatest gains can be achieved
flexibility methods
Flexibility methods
  • Static Stretching
    • Stretching to a comfortable position and holding for a period of time.
    • No motion should be forced
    • Hold stretch for 10-30 seconds (longer time, less intensity)
    • Should be used at the end of a training session
flexibility methods1
Flexibility methods
  • Ballistic stretching
    • Use of body momentum to bounce at the end range of a stretch
    • Has been found to increase flexibility; however there is the potential to cause musculoskeletal injuries
    • Not generally recommended.
flexibility methods2
Flexibility methods
  • Dynamic stretching
    • Active muscular effort are used to propel the muscle into an extended range of motion
    • Functional based exercises, use sport specific movements to prepare the body for training
    • Beneficial way to warm up prior to training
flexibility methods3
Flexibility methods
  • Dynamic stretching
    • Benefits
      • Increases core temperature & peripheral blood flow
      • Elongates muscles and tendons
      • Enhances coordination, motor learning, & proprioception
      • Incorporates balance
    • Ex: high knees, butt kicks, straight leg kicks, leg swings, lunge walks (can add trunk rotations, inverted hamstring, inchworm
learning log1
Learning Log
  • Name 3 or 4 stretches that you have done.
    • What muscles did it stretch?
    • Did you enjoy the stretch?
flexibility methods4
Flexibility methods
  • Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)
    • Muscles to be stretched is first contracted maximally
    • The muscle is then relaxed and is either actively stretched by contraction of the opposing muscle or is passively stretched
    • Two types
    • Rapid beneficial increases, but best done with someone who is trained.
flexibility methods5
Flexibility methods
  • Contract/Relax
    • Stretch until resistance is felt
    • Contract the muscles against a partner
    • Move through a range of motion
    • Moved to a new stretch position beyond the original stretch
flexibility methods6
Flexibility methods
  • Hold/Relax
    • Athlete stretches to a comfortable position
    • Apply force against a partner
    • Holds the contraction for 10-15 seconds
    • Move to a new stretch position beyond the original starting point