Enhancement of driving performance among older drivers
Download
1 / 16

Enhancement of Driving Performance Among Older Drivers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 338 Views
  • Uploaded on

Enhancement of Driving Performance Among Older Drivers. Research conducted by Yale University School of Medicine. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. Established in 1947 501 (c)(3) Not-For-Profit Research affiliate of AAA/CAA North American Focus. Mission. Identify traffic safety problems

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Enhancement of Driving Performance Among Older Drivers' - salena


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Enhancement of driving performance among older drivers l.jpg
Enhancement of Driving Performance Among Older Drivers

Research conducted by Yale University School of Medicine


Aaa foundation for traffic safety l.jpg
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety

  • Established in 1947

  • 501 (c)(3) Not-For-Profit

  • Research affiliate of AAA/CAA

  • North American Focus


Mission l.jpg
Mission

  • Identify traffic safety problems

  • Foster research that seeks solutions

  • Disseminate information and educational materials



Slide5 l.jpg

Published October 2007

Prepared by:

Yale University School of Medicine

Available online at:

www.aaafoundation.org


Our aging population l.jpg
Our Aging Population...

  • Over 27 million Americans are 70 years old or older.

    • An estimated 20 million of them are licensed drivers.

    • U.S. Census Bureau estimates 37 million Americans will be 70+ by 2020, and over 50 million 70+ by 2030


And their need for safe mobility l.jpg
...and their need for safe mobility

  • Over 500,000 drivers aged 70+ were involved in police-reported crashes in 2006

    • nearly 100,000 drivers 70+ injured

    • 2,819 killed

  • Many older adults need to drive to maintain independence; not driving associated with:

    • decreased participation in out-of-home activities

    • increased depressive symptoms


Driver improvement courses l.jpg
Driver improvement courses

  • Usually consist of classroom-based instruction, some also include behind-the-wheel training or practice

  • Research is mixed — most studies haven’t found benefits with classroom instruction, but a recent study found classroom + behind-the-wheel was effective


Purpose of study l.jpg
Purpose of study

  • To determine whether a driver training program including both in-class instruction and behind-the-wheel training could help older adults improve their driving


About the study driver training program l.jpg
About the study: Driver Training Program

  • 8 hours of classroom instruction

    • based on AAA Driver Improvement Program

    • taught by AAA-certified instructors

    • topics included: driving risk, communication, speed, effects of medications on driving, vehicle safety features, etc.

  • Two behind-the-wheel sessions

    • First session addressed errors the driver made in initial road test

    • Second session reviewed these and addressed other common difficulties of older drivers


About the study participants l.jpg
About the study: Participants

  • Age 70+

  • valid Connecticut license

  • drive at least once a week

  • no serious medical problems

  • vision 20/70 or better

  • had not taken any driver education course in past year

  • initial road test score not “too low” (too dangerous) or “too high” (don’t need to take driving class)

  • recruited from medical clinics and elsewhere in community


About the study evaluation l.jpg
About the study: Evaluation

  • 126 participants randomly assigned to either of 2 groups:

    • 69 took the Driver Training Program (“driver training group”)

    • 57 took an alternative program that did not involve any driving instruction, training, or practice (“control group”)

  • Both groups took knowledge test and road test before program and repeated tests 8 weeks later


Results l.jpg
Results

  • Drivers who participated in the driver training program improved their scores on both the knowledge test and the road test

  • The driver education group improved more than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant


Conclusions and recommendations l.jpg
Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Older drivers who participated in this driver training program significantly improved their driving

  • More research is needed to:

    • determine what components of the program are most effective

    • identify what drivers can benefit most from this type of program

    • study the longer-term safety impact of the training program—does it prevent crashes?


Slide15 l.jpg

For more information,

please go to:

www.aaafoundation.org


Slide16 l.jpg

The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety is a 501(c)(3) public charity located in Washington, DC that is dedicated to saving lives and reducing injuries.

It is supported by donations from AAA/CAA Clubs, AAA/CAA members, and other organizations associated with AAA/CAA.