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What is Geography?. Geography. Geography is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth Geographers use lots of tools to study the earth. Maps. Photographs. Five Themes of Geography.

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Geography
Geography

  • Geography is the study of the distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth

  • Geographers use lots of tools to study the earth




Five themes of geography
Five Themes of Geography

  • A tool used by geographers that describe patterns and connections in the use of space

  • There are 5 main themes


Theme 1 location
Theme 1- Location

  • There are 2 types

    • Absolute Location- exact place on earth where a geographic feature is found

    • Relative Location- describes a place in comparison to other places around it


Other themes
Other Themes

  • Theme 2- Place (includes all physical and cultural features of a location)

  • Theme 3- Region (an area of the earth with similar characteristics)

  • Theme 4- Human- Environment Interaction (The relationship b/w humans and the environment)

  • Theme 5- Movement






Map skills
Map Skills

  • Why are all map projections distorted?

    • The earth is round, and maps are flat, so the earth’s curves cannot be accurately shown on a map

  • Map Projections

    • Mercator- used for ship navigation

    • Polar (Azimuthal)- used for air travel

    • Robinson- used in classrooms





Map directions
Map Directions

  • Cardinal directions- north, south, east, and west

  • Intermediate directions- southeast, southwest, northeast, northwest


Hemispheres

The world is divided into hemispheres by latitude and longitude lines

The Equator divides north and south, while the Prime Meridian divides east and west

Hemispheres


Reading maps

Reading Maps longitude lines

There are 8 key elements that you need to know when reading a map


Title
Title longitude lines

  • Explains the subject of the map


Compass rose
Compass Rose longitude lines

  • Shows orientation


Labels
Labels longitude lines

  • Words or phrases that explain map features


Legend
Legend longitude lines

  • Lists and explains the symbols and use of color on a map


Latitude lines
Latitude Lines longitude lines

  • Run horizontal from the equator out on both sides of the globe (mark north and south positions)


Longitude lines
Longitude Lines longitude lines

  • Run vertical from the prime meridian out on both sides of the globe (mark east and west positions)


Scale
Scale longitude lines

  • Ruler-like line that shows the lengths of earth distance units on the map


Grid system
Grid System longitude lines

  • Intersecting Parallels and Meridians used to locate points on a map