epas and cap reform a chance for innovative approaches to global food security brussels 26 6 2012 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food security Brussels, 26.6.2012 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food security Brussels, 26.6.2012

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food security Brussels, 26.6.2012 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 165 Views
  • Uploaded on

EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food security Brussels, 26.6.2012. Dr Klaus-Dieter BORCHARDT Director DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission. Presentation outline. CAP reform process and food security

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food security Brussels, 26.6.2012' - shalin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
epas and cap reform a chance for innovative approaches to global food security brussels 26 6 2012

EPAs and CAP Reform: a chance for innovative approaches to global food securityBrussels, 26.6.2012

Dr Klaus-Dieter BORCHARDT

Director

DG Agriculture and Rural Development

European Commission

presentation outline
Presentation outline
  • CAP reform process and food security
  • EU and the global food security debate
  • EU trade with developing countries
  • Economic Partnership Agreements
1 cap reform process and food security
1. CAP reform process and food security

The CAP today:

  • Fundamentally restructured: almost all payments are decoupled from production– they no longer encourage overproduction or distort trade
  • Role of market intervention mechanisms is reduced to safety net level
  • Export refunds in a decreasing trend for decades
the path of cap expenditure 1980 2020
The path of CAP expenditure 1980-2020

EU-10

EU-12

EU-15

EU-25

EU-27

Source: DG Agriculture and Rural Development.

the cap beyond 2013
The CAP beyond 2013
  • Food security is among the strategic aims of the CAP
  • Enhanced competitiveness and improved sustainability through research, innovation and knowledge transfer
  • Improved targeting of financial resources in a context of financial and economic budget constraints
  • Further move away from trade-distorting support:  
    • Decoupled income support and rural development support (WTO green box payments) have no, or at most minimal, trade-distorting effects
    • Export subsidies reduced to minimal level – potential for abolition in DDA
    • Abolition of production limiting measures
policy coherence for development pcd
Policy Coherence for Development (PCD)
  • PCD means that the EU needs to pursue its objectives avoiding negative spillover effects that might harm the development prospects.
  • Adopted by Commission 2005; integrated in Lisbon treaty
  • Food Security as a top challenge (amongst five) for 2010-2013 under PCD.
  • PCD is factored into CAP reform:
    • Consultation
    • Impact Assessment provisions on Developing Countries (Annex 12)
2 eu and the global food security debate
2. EU and the global food security debate
  • Global challenges: food security, price volatility, economic crisis, speculation and fund management, climate change, expansion of biofuels, investments in land, governance, etc.
  • African Union role:
    • CAADP (Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme) aim: 10% Government spending on agriculture to attain 6% growth
    • Supported under the Joint Africa-EU Strategy: 2012 renewed focus on agricultural cooperation
  • International leadership: FAO, CFS, Rio+20 and G8/G20
g20 and g8
G20 and G8
  • In 2011… G20 Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture
    • Increased agricultural production and productivity
    • Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS)
    • International Policy Coordination: removal of food export restrictions
    • Risk Management
    • Improved functioning of agricultural commodity derivatives markets
  • In 2012… G8 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition
    • mobilise private investment in food security in Africa;
    • scale-up innovation and research as a driver for increasing productivity and post-harvest handling;
    • improve risk management.
3 eu trade with developing countries
3. EU trade with developing countries

EU is the most open market in the world for developing country exports:World imports from developing countries (mio EUR)

preferential trade relations with developing countries
Preferential trade relations with developing countries

Trade, growth and development Communication (2012):

  • Trade-led growth central to modern development agenda
  • Increased focus on countries most in need
  • Non-tariff issues (standards, services, IPR, public procurement) can make a difference
  • Importance of private schemes (fair, ethical or organic labelling) to help smallholders differentiate their output and to foster sustainable, inclusive growth

Revision of the EU General System of Preferences (2012):

  • Currently trade preferences for 176 developing countries
  • New GSP Regulation will apply from 2014:
    • Country coverage: removal of upper-middle income countries (e.g. emerging economies), high-income countries and FTA partners.
    • Product coverage: two agricultural tariff lines included (Fresh cut carnations and buds and Sun cured oriental type tobacco.
    • Duration: limited to 10 years from the date of application of the tariff preferences.
4 economic partnership agreements
4. Economic Partnership Agreements
  • EPA agreements prioritise development, regional trade and gradual integration into the world economy:
    • Opening of 100% EU market Duty Free / Quota Free (except for South Africa given its high level of competitiveness)
    • Opening of ACP markets in goods slowly and progressively: 15-25 years
    • No undue competition – through the asymmetry principle, ACP countries can to keep permanently tariff/quota protection for the most sensitive 20% of goods, often in agriculture
    • Safeguard measures to protect food security and agriculture in the events of disturbance by imports
    • Cooperation in agricultural policy and development
concluding remarks
Concluding remarks

CAP beyond 2013 consolidating the market orientation of past reforms

Policy Coherence for Development and food security policy drivers

Major EU participation in global food security, in G8/G20 and partnership with AU

EPAs are the vehicles for trade development and EU partnership with ACP countries

further information
Further information

Thank you for your attentionDr Klaus-Dieter BORCHARDTDirectorDG Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentKlaus-Dieter.Borchardt@ec.europa.eu

International Aspects of Agriculture meetings and document

http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/consultations/advisory-groups/international/index_en.htm

The CAP after 2013

http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cap-post-2013/index_en.htm