Ch. 8 PPT Notes America Secedes From the Empire. Loyalists. Timeline. April,1775 - The Battle of Lexington and Concord May, 1775 – 2 nd Continental Congress June, 1775 - The Battle of Bunker Hill Jan., 1776 - Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense
April,1775 - The Battle of Lexington and Concord
May, 1775 – 2nd Continental Congress
June, 1775 - The Battle of Bunker Hill
Jan., 1776 - Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense
July, 1776 - Congress approves Declaration Of Independence
Sept.-Oct., 1777 – Battle of Saratoga
March, 1781 – Articles of Confederation Adopted
Oct. 1781 – Battle of Yorktown
Sept., 1783 - Treaty of Paris is signed
Sept., 1787 – U.S. Constitution signed
June, 1788 – U.S. Constitution adopted
-some served as spies
-persecuted, tar & feathered, hanged, imprisoned, estates sold and forced to flee
Areas: New York City, Charleston, Quaker Pennsylvania, New Jersey.
garrisonsat Ft. Ticonderoga and Crown Point in New York
“Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation”
1).Preamble - influenced by John Locke
2).List of 27 grievances against King: taxation without consent, dispensing with trial by jury, maintaining a standing army in peacetime, cutting off trade, hiring mercenaries, inciting Indian hostilities, etc.
3).Formal declaration of independence
Knew the terrain
Help from French, Spain, Holland
Didn’t have to conquer the British, they just had to wear them down
Used hit-and-run tactics
War was unpopular in Britain
Hessian soldiers didn’t “buy-in” – hundreds deserted
Prussian drillmaster Baron von Steuben helped train colonial army
Britain had the world’s largest navy
British army well-trained
Navy was well-supplied ($$$)
Loyalists helped the BritishColonist Advantages and Disadvantages
Battle of Trenton (New Jersey Campaign)
NY & PA[1777-1778]
The Battle was an Important Turning Point in the War:
at Valley Forge
Colonial General Benedict Arnold became a Traitor: schemed to sell out the key stronghold of West Point, which commanded the Hudson River, to the British for £6,300 and an officer’s commission.
View of West Point, NY Before 1802 Unknown
Oil, c. 1785
General Nathanial Greene, the “fighting Quaker”, exhausted his foe by “standing and retreating”and succeeded in clearing GA and SC of most British Troops.
**Britain formally recognizes U.S. independence!