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Present Simple – Present Continuous

Present Simple – Present Continuous

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Present Simple – Present Continuous

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  1. Grammar – Part 1 – the Present Present Simple – Present Continuous

  2. Present Simple • Recapitulation: • Present Simple – Tegenwoordigetijd -> vorm: I work/he works. • Examples: • ‘We often go out for a drink’ • ‘A submarine sails under water’ • Vorm: helewerkwoord [I go] maarbij de 3e persoon: helewerkwoord + (e)s [he/she/it goes] • In vraagzinnen en ontkennendezinnen ‘do’ en ‘does’

  3. Present Simple • John sometimes sends an e-mail • Key Words Present Simple! • Adverbs of frequency: • - always • - usually / normally • - often • -sometimes • - hardly ever / rarely • - never • * Gebruik: • - bijgewoonten/hobby’s • - bijfeiten • - bijverwijzingennaarde toekomst-> wanneerersprake is van een • programma/vast tijdschema (‘the train leaves at 3 p.m.’ – ‘the match • starts at 8 o’clock’

  4. Present Continuous • Present Continuous – tegenwoordigetijd -> I am working/he is working • *Examples: • - ‘They are listening to a new song’ • - ‘Look! The sun is shining!’ • - ‘Are you doing your homework?’ • Vorm: • Am, is, are + ing-vorm • Bijvragendevorm en ontkennendevorm am, is, are + not + ing-vorm (omdat ‘to be’ functioneertalseenhulpwerkwoord en dusnietnogeens ‘do’ alshulpwerkwoordnodigheeft).

  5. Present Continuous • John is writing an e-mail now • Keywords Present Continuous: now, at the moment, this morning, this week, this year, today, etc. • *Gebruik: • - alsiets op dit moment gebeurd • - alsiets nu/vandaaggebeurdwatandersnietzo is (‘John is studying today -> he normally never studies’) • -alsietsnognietbeeindigd is/tijdelijk is -> ‘I am living with my parents’ – tijdelijk, bijvoorbeeld tot ikmijneigenhuiskoop. Of: ‘I am doing a computer course’ -> tijdelijk, want de curcus is bijvoorbeeld van november tot maart. • -bij trends en veranderingen -> ‘I am walking to school this week’ -> tijdelijk, omdatmijnfietskapot is.

  6. Present Simple • NOTA BENE! • De volgendewerkwoorden, de zogenaamde ‘state verbs’, worden NIET gebruikt in de Present Continuous maar in de Present Simple! • Ditzijn: -Verbs of possession – to own, to have, to belong. (Although you can say "I am having a party", it doesn't mean you own the party, it means you are hosting a party.) ‘ I have a motorbike’ and NOT ‘ I’m not having a motorbike’. • -Verbs of the mind – believe, understand, know, think (betekenis: mening), forget. ‘I am thinking’ does occur but it means that you’re thinking about something at that moment and it does not refer to a general opinion. • -Verbs of emotion – love, hate, detest, like, etc. • -Verbs of the senses – see, hear, smell, taste. "I'm seeing the doctor tomorrow" is possible but it means I am going to visit the doctor and does not refer to your sight, but "I see the doctor" means the doctor is standing in front of you.) • -Verbs of geographical location – lie. ("London lies on the River Thames".)

  7. Present Simple – Present Continuous -> exercises • 1. Blackbirds .................. (build) their own nests. They .................. (not use) the nests of other birds. • 2. You can see Annie later: she ........... (wash) her hair now. • 3. He often ............... (drink) wine, but today he .............. (drink) beer. • 4. What .................. (do/she) usually at weekends? • 5. She sometimes ............... (talk) so quietly that I ...................... (not understand) her. • 6. Susan ..................... (bake) bread at the moment. She .................... (bake) all her own bread.

  8. Present Simple – Present Continuous -> exercises • 7. I’mafraidI’vebrokenyour mirror. Don’tworry. I …………….. (notlike) looking at myselfanyway! • 8. I ………….. (wear) myglovestodaybecauseit’ssocold. • 9. Tom can’t have the magazine now, becausehismother …………… (read) it. • 10. He’sbusy at the moment. He ………….. (redecorate) the bathroom. • 11. You ………. (watch) that film orcan I turn itoffnow? I ……………. (watch) the film. And yes, I ……… (want) to watchit to the end.

  9. Present Simple – Present Continuous -> exercises • ______ youspeakItalian? • I ______ waiting for a taxi • No thank you. I ______ smoke. • Where ______ youcomefrom? • John ______ coming in a few minutes. • Howmuch ______ thiscost? • ______ Sarah eatmeat? • ______ Jack coming to the meeting? • I ______ agree. • I ______ like to drive in town. • How long ______ I have to do this job? • He lives in London but he ______ like it very much. • I ______ not going. I'm too tired. • What ______ you do for a living? • How ______ you do? • What on earth ______ he doing? • Hurry up. The train ______ coming. • I ______ understand. Could you say that again? • This exercise ______ driving me crazy.