Simple Present: Usa-se para descrever ações habituais ou permanentes. Forma: Afirmativa: Sujeito + verbo I study at CMC. Negativa: Sujeito + don’t + verbo I don’t study in Maringá. Interrogativa: (WH-) Do + sujeito + verbo Do you study at CMC? Where do you study? Porém...
Se o sujeito da frase for He, She ou It... Na frase afirmativa, acresenta-se –s ou –es ao verbo. Ex: He eats breakfast at home. Na forma negativa, utiliza-se doesn’t antes do verbo, que volta a sua forma básica. Ex: He doesn’t eat breakfast at school. Na forma interrogativa, utiliza-se o auxiliar does antes do sujeito da frase. Ex: Does he have lunch at home? What time does he have breakfast?
Palavras associadas ao uso do simple present: • Always, usually, often, never... • On + dia da semana no plural (on Mondays, on Saturdays...) • Every day, every week... Verbos usados no simple present (e não no present continuous) • Need (precisar); have (ter – no sentido de possuir), like (gostar), want (querer).
Exercício... • Tente fazer frases sobre o quadro a seguir. Descreva a rotina de “Skinny”.
Algumas das frases que podem ser feitas... • Every Monday Skinny gets up at seven o’clock. Then he goes to the bathroom and has a shower. After that he goes downstairs to the kitchen and has breakfast with his family. He has fruit juice and cereal. He leaves home at 8 o’clock and goes to school by bus. He arives at school at 8.55. He studies from 9.00 to 3.30. For lunch, he has fish and chips. After school, he goes to the park and plays basketball with his friends. Then he goes home and does his homework. He has dinner at 7.30. After dinner he watches TV, listens to the radio or reads. Finally, he goes to bed at about eleven o’clock.
Para descrever ações em andamento ou que ocorrem no momento da fala. Para falar de planos futuros que já tenham sido confirmados. Ex: Father is cooking today. Mother is cooking next Sunday. Usa-se o present continuous...
Na afirmativa: Sujeito + Verbo be + Verbo/ing I am writing. You are studying. He is playing soccer. She is reading a book. It is raining. We are learning English. You are listening to music. They are doing their homework. Como se forma o present continuous:
Como se forma o present continuous: • Na negativa: Sujeito + Verbo be/not + Verbo/ing I am not writing. You aren’t studying. He isn’t playing soccer. She isn’t reading a book. It isn’t raining. We aren’t learning English. You aren’t listening to music. They aren’t doing their homework.
Como se forma o present continuous: • Na interrogativa: Verbo be + Sujeito + Verbo/ing Am I writing? Are you studying? Is he playing soccer? Is she reading a book? Is it raining? Are we learning English? Are you listening to music? Are they doing their homework?
Palavras associadas ao uso do present continuous: • Now • At the moment • This year, this week, etc... • Palavras que indiquem tempo futuro.
It’s 7 a.m.now Skinny is getting up.
It’s 7:30 now ... He is having breakfast. He is having fruit juice and cereal.
Now... He’s doing his homework.
It’s 9 p.m. He’s watching TV.
Exercícios online: • http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/present_progressive2.htm (exercícios sobre perguntas no present continuous) • http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/present_progressive_negation_long2.htm (exercícios sobre negativas no present continuous) • http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progressive.htm (contraste entre simple present e present continuous)