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Part Six: Public Policy PowerPoint Presentation
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Part Six: Public Policy

Part Six: Public Policy

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Part Six: Public Policy

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  1. Part Six: Public Policy “Justice is itself the great standing policy of civil society; and any eminent departure from it, under any circumstances, lies under the suspicion of being no policy at all.” – Edmund Burke (Irish statesman)

  2. Public Policy • Decisions the govt makes to address issues and solve problems Inputs: Interest ArticulationInterest Aggregation Machines are the political institutions: Legislature, Executive, Bureaucracy Outputs/ Outcomes: Policy Implementation Gears=Policy Making

  3. Public Policy • Common issues • Economic Performance • Gross Domestic Product • All the goods and services produced by a country’s economy in a given year, excluding income earned outside country • Gross National Product (per capita) • Like GDP, but also includes income citizens earned outside the country • Purchasing Power Parity • Like GNP, except it takes into account what people can buy using their income in local economy

  4. Purchasing Power Parity

  5. Public Policy • Social Welfare • Welfare needs include health, employment, family assistance, education • Some measures of social welfare are literacy rates, distribution of income, life expectancy, and education levels GiniIndex • A mathematical formula that measures the amount of economic inequality in a society • 0 = perfect equality, 1= complete inequality Human Development Index • Measures the well-being of a country’s people by factoring in adult literacy, life expectancy, educational enrollment and GDP • Index scale is 0 – 1 (decimal score) • Scores over .80 = high levels of HD • Scores under .50 = low levels of HD

  6. Human Development IndexDarker colors indicate more developed

  7. Public Policy • Civil Liberties: Political Rights and Freedoms • Political rights – promotion of equality • Political freedoms – promotion of freedom • Freedom House Rankings • Ranks countries on 1 to 7 scale • 1 = most free, 7 = least free • Environment • European countries – formation of “green” parities • International conferences