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Accelerator-based applications and commercial services

Accelerator-based applications and commercial services

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Accelerator-based applications and commercial services

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  1. Accelerator-based applications and commercial services Ari Virtanen NuPECC mini workshop 13.6.2014

  2. OUTLINE 1. Main commercialapplications Radiopharmaceuticalisotopes Testing of space electronics Microfilters • Customers • Revenue 2. Otherapplications • Materialsphysics at Pelletronlaboratory • EU, ESA and with othercollaborators 3. Future? 4. Conclusions

  3. Commercial activity for space industry

  4. We simulate space radiation effects in satellite electronics Galactic and extra-galactic heavy ions and protons Solar flare protons and heavy ions Trapped protons and heavy ions in Van Allen belts Heavy ions in magnetosphere

  5. Official test laboratory of ESA since 2005 ESA/ESTEC/Contract No. 18197/04/NL/CP ”Utilisation of the High Energy Heavy Ion Test Facility for Component Radiation Studies” Tested satellite electronics in RADEF for ESA, NASA, JAXA (Japan), CNES (France) and for more than 40 satellite companies and organizations • International Space Station • Telecommunicationsatellites • GlobalPositioning System, GPS • Mission satellites • Earthobservation, i.e. EO- satellites • Globalwarming • Weatheretc… ISS

  6. Customers For example; in 2013 • 46 test campaigns by 28 individual users • ~25% of K=130 beam time

  7. Commercial activity for microfilter industry

  8. Irradiation of polymer films Beam line to etching @ OxypheN 0.1 µm 10 µm 105pores / cm2 109pores / cm2

  9. Membrane production • Current contract until 2018 • Annual income ~260 keur • Annual beam time usage = 15 x 24hours X-section of the foil >100 km irradiated membrane in 4 days

  10. Example: Use in carindustry Modern headlampsare transparent systemswithcomplex thermal characteristics; moisture, dustandheataffectfunctionandappearance Porsche Cayenne Filters, using OxyphenRoTrac® capillary pore membrane, remove moisture, vent the headlamp and stop water and dust (c.f. GoreTex)

  11. Commercial activity for medical industry

  12. Radioisotope production • I-123 project • Development started 1998, commercial 2002 • Stopped in 2008 partly due to worldwide market and the construction work for K-30 • F-18 development project • Started 2007 • Stopped in 2013 due to the delays and bad luck • Substitutive radioisotope project is currently under way…

  13. Alpha therapy project ”Targetedmedicine is the future, fromwhich the alpha-radio-immunotherapy is an ultimateexample” Killing principle: Short-range high-energy α-particles accumulate very effectively their energy to the tumor cells. Killing power of alphas is 120 000 times higher than the long-range low-energy electrons. Curing principle: Killing agent, = alpha-emitter, is linked via a chelator to the targeting antibody agent, which seeks tumor cells. MemorialSloanKetteringCancer Center

  14. Crew Ari Virtanen Researchdirector Heikki Kettunen Laboratoryengineer Mikko Rossi Laboratoryengineer Alexandre Bosser Graduatestudent from MU2 Taneli Kalvas Postdoctoralresearcher Arto Javanainen Postdoctoralresearcher Jukka Jaatinen Laboratoryengineer

  15. Annual revenue In 2012 – 2013: 7 publications in peer reviewed journals and 2 PhDs

  16. Commercial break Ourconcept: ”Business from Top-Research” wonin 2011 theannualentrepreneurshipcompetitionamong 13 Finnishuniversities

  17. Other applications

  18. Materials physics at Pelletron laboratory • Main research fields • Fundamental ion-matter interactions (cross sections, stopping forces, straggling) • Materials research applications • Facility • 1.7 MV Pelletron accelerator (in Jyväskylä since 2006) • Three ion sources, four beam lines • H, He, Cl, Cu, Br, I, and other heavy ion beams, 0.2 – 20 MeV

  19. Thin films processing and applications ALD tool • Atomic layer deposition (ALD) • Oxides, nitrides, carbides, fluorides, sulphides and metals with excellent control of film thickness and high conformality for 3D structures Functionalized ion tracks Enhanced electron multiplication in ALD coated pores • Lithography with proton beam writing • Large area exposures for high-aspect ratio structures • Microfluidic chips for borrelia infection diagnostics Microfluidicchip

  20. External PIXE Collaboration with RECENART = Research Center for Art

  21. Other radiation testing activities • SkyFlash (262890 EU-FP7 Project) http://www.skyflash.eu/ • development of a RadHard by design (RHBD) methodology for non-volatile flash memories • 84 keur • Technical assessment project for ESA • “Effects of the ion species and energy on the oxide damage and SEGR failure” • 100 keur addition to the ESA’s basic funding • Close collaborations with • Universities (Montpellier2 and Vanderbilt) • Sandia National Labs • STMicroelectronics

  22. Future?

  23. New 18 GHz ECRIS (HIISI) • Higher energies for heavy ions up to 15 MeV/u • deeper penetration in silicon • irradiations in air with possibility to tilt • 300 keur from ESA for development  RADEF competitive with e.g. Texas A&M Univ.

  24. HORIZON 2020 • Proposals for H2020-COMPET-2014 (RADEF as partner) • SPES (SOI PLL for Earth hostile environment and Space applications) • SOLIS (SOI Library for Sapce Applications) • SpaceMIST (Space Mixed Signal Circuits and Technologies) • R2RAM (Radiation Hard Resistive Random-Access Memory) • LIRARSUP (Light weight, Radiation Resistant SUPerconductiong wires for space applications) • 1-2 projects are expected to pass • approx. 100 keur per project for RADEF

  25. Electron LINAC (Varian) • Energetic electrons for radiation hardness assurance (RHA) testing • 100 keur from ESA • Ee= 6-18 MeV • JUICE-mission (Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer) • “The most dominant trapped particle constituents at Jupiter are electrons with energy in the 1 – 100 MeV range.” • All ESA’s MEO-satellites (2000 – 35 000 km) • Navigation (GPS), communication, and geodetic/space environment science • Van Allen electron belt (tens of MeV) NASA/JPL

  26. Low energy protons for RHA • Stopping of muons vs. protons • State of the art technologies (< 65 nm) • errors due to direct ionization of protons Ground effects due to muons? • RADEF’s graduate student working on this B. Sierawski, Vanderbilt Univ.

  27. Conclusions • RADEF’s activity is going strong • firm client base (space industry and Oxyphen) • approx. 600 keur annually • strong support from ESA • 300 keur for HIISI (2015-16) • 100 keur for high energy electrons (2015-16) • continuing basic contract 240 keur for 2014-15 • International collaboration (VU, UM2, Sandia, STM) • partner in EU-FP7 project • partnering in five H2020 proposals • Radioisotope production project under way CoE SAB meeting

  28. Conclusions – the three scenarios? + K30=Bold? + Linac/Pelletron=Likely? 25% K130=Cautious? Commercialisation of K-30 is needed!

  29. Thank you for your attention