The Pentagon Papers • By Geoff Bocobo
Background • US-Vietnam Relations • US Dept of Defense regarding Vietnam • New York Times 1971/1996 Article- Johnson Admin=Lie • Began, Sec of Def Rob Mcnamara- Vietnam Study Task Force • record written for history- secret to rest of Admin(thought cahootz w/ Kennedy • Contraversial- why?
Contents • Used government officials + analysts + military • secret, non contact with VA or Wash • Marked Top Secret, contained government documents • What Happened from close of WWII to 1968
Controversy + Public Response • Daniel Ellsberg - disclose and publish to Nixon Cabinet • none interested • in response- 1971 gave Neil Sheehan NY Times 47 volumes • Protests + Political Controversy + Lawsuits • Beacon Press Senator Mike Gravel • Not unlawful, Freedom of Speech, Gravel v. US
Lawsuit • NY Times legal advise pre pub- Lord Day & Lord • James Goodale- 1st Amendment • Nixon ok, dissed Kennedy+ Johnson, advisors opposed b/c prevented future secrets • Ellsberg and Russo- Treason, Espionage Act 1917(felony) • Washington Post • “its decision did not void the Espionage Act or give the press unlimited freedom to publish classified documents. Ellsberg and Russo were not acquitted of violating the Espionage Act; they were freed due to a mistrial from irregularities in the government's case”
Outcome + Impact • Public Learned bombing Cambodia and Laos, coastal raids Vietnam , none media reported • Ripped on Truman-Johnson, AKA JFK plan overthrow South Vietnam, coup caused death Ngo Dinh Diem • Showed what admins did without consent of advisors, militarily • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pf22x5r16Zo&feature=related
Works Cited • http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0838198.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentagon_Papers • http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB48/ • http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/pentagon/pent1.html • http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~hbf/ELLSBERG.htm