Music and Memory. Perfecto Herrera Music Perception and Cognition. Multi-storage view. Echoic Memory Short-term or Working Memory Long-term Memory (or memories: declarative, non-declarative, episodic, semantic, procedural, etc.). Functional view. Encoding operations Echoic Memory:
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Music Perception and Cognition
<-> Decay of traces
<-> Interference of traces
<-> Interference and Reconstruction
Forget about the names, just look at the complex interaction pattern!!!
The continuous musical texture is broken into shorter sequences using “segmentation cues”
-> “Closure” and “Change” detection
Pitch-specific short-term memory
What if the
“A, B, D, F, A, C”
Long-term memory effect, if you do not allow enough time to encode between each item, then the segment is flat
Short-term memory effect, if you wait 30” for retrieving the items, the segment turns flat
Substitute “visual” by “auditory”
“The problem of perception is initially a problem of taxonomy in which the individual animal must “classify” the things of its world (…) The internal taxonomy of perception is adaptive but is not necessarily veridical in the sense that it is concordant with the descriptions of physics”
Edelman, Neural Darwinism, p. 26
The animals are divided into: (a) belonging to the emperor, (b) embalmed, (c) tame, (d) sucking pigs, (e) sirens, (f) fabulous, (g) stray dogs, (h) included in the present classification, (i) frenzied, (j) innumerable, (k) drawn with a very fine camelhair brush, (l) et cetera, (m) having just broken the water pitcher, (n) that from along way off look like flies.Jorge Luis Borges,
The analytical language of John Wilkins
"It was not only difficult for him to understand that the generic term dog embraced so many unlike specimens of differing sizes and different forms; he was disturbed by the fact that a dog at three-fourteen (seen in profile) should have the same name as the dog at three-fifteen (seen from the front)".
Jorge Luis Borges
Funes the memorious
Tendency to perceive stimuli as falling into discrete categories rather than in terms of smooth gradients
Task: tell if the following 2 tones are a second, fifth, seventh, etc.
Heightened discrimination near category boundary –abrupt transitions of %-
of complex tones
Which of 12 categories does the interval belong to?
Percent of correct judgments
3 different melodic schemata, based on Meyer (1958)
Priming is a way of implicitly testing LTM (because of the associative character of LTM):