Formation, Stratification, and Transition of Peoples. Ron Rowland Harvest Information System. Peoples Definition. What is a people?. Peoples Definition “What is a People?”. “The persons comprising a community or tribe or race or nation.” Oxford Dictionary, 1977. “Looking at the lists.”
Harvest Information System
What is a people?
“The persons comprising a community or tribe or race or nation.”
Oxford Dictionary, 1977
Registry of Geographic Divisions
Registry of Habitats
Registry of Languages
Registry of Peoples
Registry of Religions
Presenting Question Personal Peoples
Identity: the “we” factor.
How are peoples formed?
These four formational patterns account, to my knowledge, for all the major ‘peoples’ of the world.
I have chosen to avoid classification in HIS based upon social and socio-economic classes, as these are not exclusive (though often excluding), nor are they permanent. We will discuss this again under “Stratification”.
Peoples Formational Patterns:
This is where the people of a single culture speak a single language.
It is, by far, the most frequent formational pattern. About 73% in HIS.
It has been the primary focus for many agencies in their outreach to unevangelized peoples.
This is where the people speak a single language, but recognize different cultural backgrounds. It is common in North Africa and East Africa, but is not exclusive to these areas. Less than 1% in HIS.
Typically, a large group from a Single Culture converts to Islam, and adopts another language for religious purposes (e.g. Hassaniya Arabic has become the language of many such groups).
They join, sometimes, with those from other ethnic backgrounds because of common experience of religion and language.
Singly, or together, they begin to recognize themselves as a ‘different’ people.
This is where the people recognize themselves as a “community” [samudaya], or “people”, based upon religious practices (such as caste), even though they may speak different languages in different locations.
This is very common in India, and South Asia, but occurs elsewhere also. About 23% in HIS.
The complexity of the India situation is illustrated by the fact that we are working with a set of data containing ca. 200,000 entries, showing
Peoples Divisions (Sub-Groups)
Peoples Segments (Sub-Sub_Groups)
By Country, State, and District
This data is now being matched with Language Use, and already several thousand additional entries have been generated.
15 People Divisions, in 1 State, speaking 15 Ingroup Languages, and 21 different Intergroup Languages
Bhand: 1 People Division; 12 Languages, in 14 States, plus Nepal and Pakistan
This is where the people recognize themselves as a people, based upon socio-political criteria.
It is commonly the case with national language speakers.
They cannot be classed only by language
English-speaking Americans are a very different ‘people’ from the English-Speaking British, or Canadians, or Australians.
Cultural backgrounds are varied, and in many cases are almost forgotten.
What is left is a shared sense of being, English, or American, or French, or Chinese, etc.
More when we look at Peoples In Transition
More when we look at the Registry of Peoples
“Towards A Stratification Model”
Family BackgroundStratification: Of What?Here are just some of the phrases that occupy current discussions:
“The unequal rights and perquisites of different positions in a society”
Davis & Moore
4 Interlocking Spheres of Influence
Roles and Occupations
Especially important in a cross-cultural context, that we understand the dynamics.
Manual Workers, Dockers Secretaries, Writers
Roles and Occupations
Social & Economic Class
Intellectual – Aesthetic
Roles and Occupations
From an Instrument devised by Dave Ripley, of Ethnic America Project; based on work by Kluckholn and Strodtbeck: “Variations in Value Orientations”
Good Neutral Evil
Passive Interactive Active
Past Present Future
Being Being In Becoming Doing
Collaterality Lineality Individualism
Myers Briggs Personality Types
An on-going search for understanding,
and for the development of helpful tools.
Brazil: Kamba People of Matto Grosso do Sul – BR0POR09
2000 in ethnic group. Came from Bolivia to Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul. Language extinct; all now speak Portuguese.
USA: Asante People of Dallas - US0ENG02TWS
Asante-Twi speaking Akan People from Obowasi, Ghana, who moved to Dallas, Texas, and are bi-lingual in English.
Cohesion Affirming the ‘we’ feeling through retention of Social Identifiers.
Assimilation Accepting new ‘we’ feeling and Social Indicators
Association Modifying the ‘we’ feeling through change of Social Identifiers.