systems of stratification n.
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Systems of Stratification

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  1. Systems of Stratification Chapter 9, Section 1

  2. Division of members in a society into separate categories, ranks or classes. • Different systems of stratification: • Caste system • Class system Social Stratification

  3. Resources and rewards are distributed based on ascribed status.The status of a child is determined by their parents’ status. • Can a person move up to a higher status under this system? Very unlikely • Members practice endogamy- marrying within a class, and not exogamy– marrying outside of class. Caste Systems

  4. The_Caste_System.mp4 Caste Systems (cont’d)

  5. Distribution of resources and rewards is determined on the basis of achieved status. • Gives control over one’s place. • Marx believed that it was based on who owned means of production. • Bourgeosie= own production in capitalistic society. • Proletariat= sell labor for wages. Class Systems

  6. Weber expanded upon Marx’s ideas. • Three factors determining class: • Property (wealth) • Power • Prestige • Social class= grouping of people with similar levels of three factors. Class Systems (cont’d)

  7. Wealth • Assets: value of everything owned. • Income: money earned through salaries, investments, etc. • Power • Ability to control the behavior of others, with or without their consent. • Prestige • Respect, honor, recognition, or courtesy an individual receives from other members of society. Three Factors of Social Stratification

  8. Rating that combines social factors such as education level, occupational prestige, and place of residence with income. • Helps determine an individual’s position in the stratification system. Socioeconomic status (SES)

  9. Functionalist • Necessary feature of society • Society is maintained through roles that must be performed. • Leads to different rewards. • Failures: • Not everyone has equal access • Talented people in lower classes • Conflict • Class exploitation of resources control over other classes. • Once power is attained, it is maintained. • Failures: • Unequal rewards based on talent, skills, desire, etc. • Not everyone can fulfill every job. Explaining Stratification

  10. Ralf Dahrendorf • Use the two theories to explain different aspects of stratification • Gerhard Lenski • Theories apply to different types of societies: simple society functionalist; complex conflict Notable Sociologists