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Chapter 6 Network Address Translation (NAT)

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Chapter 6 Network Address Translation (NAT) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 6 Network Address Translation (NAT). Network Address Translation. Modification of source or destination IP address Needed by networks using RFC 1918 address scheme to route traffic to Internet Provides security by hiding a computer’s real IP address. Port Address Translation (PAT).

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network address translation
Network Address Translation
  • Modification of source or destination IP address
  • Needed by networks using RFC 1918 address scheme to route traffic to Internet
  • Provides security by hiding a computer’s real IP address
port address translation pat
Port Address Translation (PAT)
  • a.k.a Overload NAT
  • reduces public IP address consumption
  • Many private IP addresses are translated to one public IP address
security benefits of nat and pat
Security Benefits of NAT and PAT
  • Router cannot forward packets from Internet to an internal network unless a NAT/PAT entry has been created in the router’s NAT table.
  • In general, any connections not initiated from the inside are not allowed through the PAT device