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Roadmaps for Research and Research Topics in Digital Culture European Commission Preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage DG INFSO/E Luxembourg 28 January 2003. Kim H. Veltman Maastricht McLuhan Institute.

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kim h veltman maastricht mcluhan institute

Roadmaps for Research and Research Topics in Digital Culture European Commission Preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage DG INFSO/E Luxembourg 28 January 2003

Kim H. Veltman

Maastricht McLuhan Institute

slide3

2002 Capture Archive ACCESS Navigate Display

2002 preserve capture archive learn access navigate display create

2002 PRESERVECapture ArchiveLEARN ACCESS NavigateDisplay CREATE

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2002 PRESERVE ECPA -European Commission For Preservation and AccessERPANET-European Resource Preservation and Access NetworkENCORE -European Network of Conservation and Restoration EducationC2RMF -Centre de Recherche et Rerstauration des Musées de France

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2002 PRESERVE 1. Physical Network Linking Conservation Departments in France as basis for European Network re: Expertise building on efforts of ERPANET and ENCORE and as part of NoE for Culture.

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2002 PRESERVE 2. Physical Sub-Network Linking Conservation Departments specifically dealing with “Born Digital” materials using the International Network of Conservators of Contemporary Art (INCCA) EoI as point of departure.

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2002 PRESERVE 3. Explore requirements for European Mirrored Repositories (EMR) as protection against human and natural disaster in context of a Distributed European Electronic Resource (DEER). Explore if an European Digital Documentation Centre (EDDC) is needed.

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2002 PRESERVE 4. Need to build preservation into creation/production life-cycle such that preservation becomes a part of every IP and STRP just as dissemination is today.

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ACCESS IFLA International Federation of Library Associations ICOM International Council of Museums ICA International Council on ArchivesDELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries NEMO Network of European Museum AssociationsEAN European Archival Network

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PRESERVE and ACCESS ECPA -European Commission For Preservation and AccessERPANET-European Resource Preservation and Access Network

slide14

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

We need a

Grid for Culture

which builds on the solutions of the

E-Science Grid

where appropriate.

slide15

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

This requires building

high speed broadband into projects

so that institutions are linked through

GEANT.

slide17

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

In science

laws apply globallyIn culture

expressions vary nationally, regionally and locally.

slide18

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

To overcome problems of subsidiarity

we need an approach that leaves

national, regional and especially local

cultures and languages intact

to assure a

Unity of diversities (Ruffolo)

slide19

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Digital Autonomous Cultural Objects (DACOs, Thaller)

and

Multilingual Access to Subjects (MACS)

offer part of the solution.

slide20

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Use templates for links to different local, regional, national templates:

Master Templates

slide21

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

We need not just the official story

but the same story from different viewpoints.

slide22

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Local Periphery

Fact

Regional Provinces Event

Story

National Centre

International e.g. Europe

Global World Centre

Elements for a New Framework

slide23

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

 Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions

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Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

 Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Multilingual Sharing of:Technical Terms C2RMF Culturally Variable Terms AMP Semantic Terms SEMKOS

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Dynamic Knowledge: Same Title in Different Media

Paintings

Milan Santa Maria delle Grazie

Florence San Marco

Florence Santa Croce

Assisi San Francesco

Copies

London

Lugano

Pavia

Tongero

Versions

Variations

Based on

Caricatures

Reproductions

Engravings

Lithographs

Photographs

Videos

Texts

New Testament

Matthew Mark Luke John

Last Supper

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Dynamic KnowledgeSame Title in Different Lists Need access not only to today’s list of Rembrandt’s paintings but lists which change over time.

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Dynamic KnowledgeIntegration of various lists which change over time

Manuscripts Transcriptions Translations Interpretations Criticism

Paintings

Instruments

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Dynamic CultureSame Object in Different Interpretations

Archeoguide: Reconstruction of Temple of Hera, Olympia

http://archeoguide.intranet.gr/project.htm

slide29

Augmented Reality IBM

http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/sj/384/spohrer.html

slide30

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensionsIntegration of Spatial Scales ( UMTS, GPS, GIS)ObjectRoom BuildingSite (Archaeological)CityLandscape Route

slide31

Dynamic Geography

Europe in 1000 Europe in 1400

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Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

 Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Virtual Reference RoomsTerms ClassificationsDefinitions DictionariesExplanations Encyclopaedias Authors, TitlesPartial ContentsFull Contents 

slide33

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

 Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Virtual Libraries

Terms ClassificationsDefinitions DictionariesExplanations Encyclopaedias Authors, TitlesPartial ContentsFull Contents Internal AnalysesExternal AnalysesRestorationsReconstructions 

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CREATE EAVO European Audio Visual ObservatoryEBU European Broadcasting UnionDHAN Digital Heritage Audiovisual Network

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Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In analog mode the creation/production of each medium was different. Manuscript ScriptoriumBook Printer, PublisherFilm Film StudioTelevision Television Studio

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Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In analog mode the creation/production of each medium is different. Book Publisher USINE EoITelevision Television Studio PRESTO EoI

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Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In digital mode the creation/production of all media are potentially linked Manuscripts Film Intangible Customs Archives Television  DanceDocuments Music  CeremonyLetters Born Digital Art  RitualProtocols Internet Art PerformanceBooksDrawings Paintings MapsCultural ObjectsScientific Objects Radio

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Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In digital mode the access modes are potentially linked to all the senses.Access via all the Senses2D Vision3D VisionAutostereoscopyStereoscopy3D SoundHapticSmell

slide42

Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In digital mode the access modes are potentially linked to all devicesAccess via Range of DisplaysCellular Phone PDANotebookDesktopTelevision ScreenImmersadeskWall ScreenCAVEBlue RoomIMAXIMAX 3D

slide43

Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

In digital mode the access modes potentially link:

Content

Context

Communication

slide45

Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

This requires new

collaborative virtual environments for

both large scale professional and personal

creation, production and learning.

slide46

TerminaleMobile

CALL CENTRE

MOBILE TERMINALS …

CINECA: VR and PDA The MUSE project

slide47

CINECA

Virtual Cultural Heritagerefers to the usage of Virtual Reality systems in order to generate, navigate, explore and inquire into reconstructed historical environments.

slide50

Network of Excellence (Noe) for Culture

1. Build National Networks to share critical methods and content

2. Research Matrices > Network of Networks

3. Distributed European Electronic Resource (DEER):integrate STRPs and IPs

4. European Masters and Doctorates

5. Dissemination

slide51

Research Matrices From Specialised Networks of Excellence towards a Network of Networks for the Entire Knowledge Production Life-Cycle.

slide52

Portals UNESCO PortalEuropean PortalDigitisation, Policy MINERVA Research and Education NoE for Culture

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PRESERVE and ACCESSInfrastructureSoftware OSDNHardware ERCIMPhysical Networks GEANT ContentLibraries DELOSMuseums NEMOArchives EANBroadcast Media DHANUnstable Media Artnouveau +NetzspannungMusic MusicNetworkBuilt Environment CIHVConservation ENCOREPreservation ERPANET

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PRESERVE and ACCESSContext Scientific Terms C2RMF Cultural Terms, Inventories AMP   Meaning SEMKOS Language ELSNET  Space (GIS, GPS) EPISTAGE  Knowledge Discovery KDNet 2006

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CREATEand LEARNVisualisation, Senses CGVE Interfaces CHARISKnowledge Management CoCoDis-KMPublication El-PubE-Learning European Schoolnet E-Work cf.ITW  Design Gene DIP-Net  Games GAMERESEARCH-NET  Entertainment CROCE Tourism TICKET  Economics REDEEM  Societal Implications EURO inc.

slide56

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Need for Twofold Approach:

Inductive Bottom up Examples via NoEs

Deductive Top Down Examples via IPS, STRPs

slide57

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

 Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Technical Terms C2RMF 10 Culturally Variable Terms AMP 10 Semantic Terms SEMKOS 10

Translation 25

Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions

Cities CIHV, CMH 10 Archaeological Sites ORION 10 Broadband Content 30

slide58

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

  Basic Levels of integration in online access.

1. Secure 2. Secure + Multilingual 3. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic

4. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic Access + Spatio-Temporal

5. Secure + Multilingual + Semantic Access + Spatio-Temporal Access + Multimodal

slide59

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Call 1: Basic principles

2: Broadband version

3: Educational and Community use

slide60

Two Integrating Themes for Projects

1. Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

2. Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

slide61

Preservation of and Access to Existing Cultural Knowledge

Semantic access and knowledge organisation

Call 1: Basic principles Semantic access +Virtual Reference +Spatio-temporal access with historical-cultural dimensions

Call 2: Broadband version Digital Libraries in a GEANT Framework (DILIGEANT)

+ German Digital Libraries

+ UK E-Science Grid digital libraries section

Call 3: Educational and Community use

Personal And Collaborative Education

slide62

Creation, Preservation and Learning of New Cultural Knowledge

Collaborative creation with multimodal interfaces (CO-CREATE)

Call 1: Basic principles Production Life Cycle

+Virtual Environments

+Virtual Heritage Centres

Call 2: Broadband version + Augmented Cities and Environments

+ Virtual Blue Rooms for Online Production

+ Virtual Heritage Centres for E-Culture Grid

+ Link with E-Science Grid

Call 3: Educational and Community use

Personal And Collaborative Education

+ Collaborative workspaces for sharing at different levels

slide63

Projects (e.g.)DILIGEANT Digital Libraries CO-CREATE Collaborative Cross-Media Creativity ACE Cities, Sites and RoutesPACE Personal and Collaborative E-Learning building on DILIGEANT, CO-CREATE , ACE

slide64

Develop functions of the DEER1. European Mirrored Repository (EMR)2. Research Matrices3. Multilingual, Semantic, Spatio-Temporal Access4. Collaborative Workspaces (Virtual Agora)5. Collaborative Environments for Co-Creation6. European Masters and Doctorates7. Dissemination8. Exploitation.

noe preserve learn distributed european access electronic resource deer create

NoE PRESERVELEARN Distributed European ACCESSElectronic Resource (DEER) CREATE

slide67

NoE

PACE

DILIGEANT

ACE STRP

CO-CREATE