performance improvement of aps booster ring dipole magnet power supplies n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies. Ju Wang ( ) The 3 rd Workshop on Power Converters for Particle Accelerators DESY, May 21 – 23, 2012. Outline of the Presentation. The Configuration of Booster Dipole Power Supplies Past performance

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies' - selma

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
performance improvement of aps booster ring dipole magnet power supplies

Performance Improvement of APS Booster Ring Dipole Magnet Power Supplies

Ju Wang (

The 3rd Workshop on Power Converters for Particle Accelerators

DESY, May 21– 23, 2012

outline of the presentation
Outline of the Presentation
  • The Configuration of Booster Dipole Power Supplies
  • Past performance
  • Improvements
  • Present performance
  • Future upgrade
booster dipole power supply circuit topology
Booster Dipole Power Supply Circuit Topology

Four half bridges connected in parallel and series to produce a 12-pulse circuit

operation specs
Operation Specs
  • Linear Ramping
    • 0 – 1000A in 250 ms, repeats at 2 Hz
  • Original PS Spec
    • -1100 – 1900 V, 0 – 1100 A, peak output power 2000 kW
    • Current Regulation±500ppm(ΔI/IMAX)

(about ±1×10-2ΔI/I at the beam injection point)

    • Current at Beam Injection (325 MeV)
      • 42A, about 11.6ms after the ramp started
  • New Spec at Injection Point (ΔI/IINJ)
    • ±5×10-4, or ±21ppm in full range (1000A)
    • Shot-to-shot reproducibility ±5×10-4 at injection current
past performance
Past Performance
  • Upon delivery the current tracking did not meet the requirement at all
  • We redesigned the voltage regulator, firing circuit, AFG for references, and remote monitoring systems
  • Tried a current loop, but it did not work well. So the voltage loop is in use
  • Developed an external (offline) ramp correction algorithm
    • Measure the current
    • Calculate the tracking error
    • Correct the voltage referencefor the next ramp if necessary
    • Adjust the start time and ramp slope
past performance cont d
Past Performance (cont’d)

After the APS redesign

  • Tracking error reduced to 0.25 – 0.5% at the injection
  • Successfully supported the operations for more than 15 years

Typical Dipole Magnet Current Tracking Error (ΔI/I)

upgrade need
Upgrade Need

Although it works, but

  • Some instability exists in the ramp correction that requires manual intervention from time to time by the operators
  • The magnet currents are sensitive to external changes, such as AC line voltage and harmonic interference from the high powerrfsystem, has been observed
  • In order to meet the increased single-bunch-charge requirement of the APS upgrade, better regulation is required
upgrade plan i external linear regulator
Upgrade Plan I – external linear regulator
  • Linear regulator with parallel and series connected MOSFETs operating in linear mode
  • Tested with a spare sextupole supply on test stand, achieved 0.15% ΔI/I
  • Issues/concerns
    • MOSFET current un-sharing in the linear region
    • Large number (20+) of MOSFETs may be required for dipole supplies
    • High voltage and high power stress, a reliability concern

MOSFET: APTM50UM09F-ALN, 500V/497A, from Advanced Power Technology

upgrade plan ii reduce harmonics and
Upgrade Plan II – reduce harmonics and …
  • Reduce Harmonics
    • Added 360 Hz and 720 Hz notch filters
    • Increased common impedance in the ground loop
  • Reduce transient
    • Added a parabolic section to the current reference at the beginning of the ramp so the voltage starts with a slope instead of a step
  • Redesign electronics
    • Redesigned the voltage regulator with a multilayer board, reduced shot-to-shot variation of ΔI/I at the injection point by nearly a factor of 2
harmonics in output voltage before improvement
Harmonics in Output Voltage (before improvement)

Slave Supply

Master Supply

A lot of 360 Hz component

Very little 360 Hz component

X axis: frequency (Hz), Y axis: voltage (V)

  • Master supply is fed from the same ac line for the RF equipment
  • 360 Hz harmonics is due to ac line distortion caused by RF equipment
  • Not much can be done with the RF systems for various reasons
result of notch filters output voltage
Result of Notch Filters (Output Voltage)

Dipole Slave Supply

Dipole Master Supply

X axis: frequency (Hz), Y axis: voltage (V)

  • Test :
  • Master supply: 360Hz harmonics reduced by 77%, 720Hz harmonics reduced by 53%
  • Slave supply: 360Hz harmonics reduced by 55%, 720Hz harmonics reduced by 58%
result of notch filters output current
Result of Notch Filters (Output Current)

Test Results:

720Hz harmonics reduced by 45%, 360Hz harmonics only reduced by 23%!

comparison of i i almost no difference
Comparison of ΔI/I (almost no difference)

No notch filters

With notch filters

common mode circuit
Common Mode Circuit


Common-mode current goes out both terminals of power supplies and returns through capacitive coupling to earth ground and the ground fault detection circuit

Solution – increasing the impedance of the ground fault detection circuit to reduce the common-mode current !

result after increasing impedance gfd
Result After Increasing Impedance GFD

Ground Fault Detection Circuit: 2.5 kΩ Resistor + 5H Inductor

360 Hz component is no longer dominating!

harmonic currents under different circuit conditions
Harmonic Currents Under Different Circuit Conditions


  • 95% reduction in 360Hz harmonics
  • 40% reduction in 720Hz harmonics
reduce voltage transient with parabolic start
Reduce Voltage Transient with Parabolic Start

Final choice is a 16-ms ramp up for the voltage reference.

after the improvement
After the Improvement
  • ΔI/I is close to 0.1% at injection point, but ramp to ramp variation is still bigger (0.13%) than desired.
  • RMS value of ΔI/I is reduced from 0.035 to 0.01

Blue – before

Red – now

benefit of the improvement energy saving mode
Benefit of the Improvement – Energy Saving Mode
  • After the improvement to ramp and ramp-to-ramp stability, an energy saving operation mode is developed
  • The dipole power supplies are put in standby mode for one minute during the two minute interval between the SR top-up shots
  • It saves an average power of 250 kW and about $12.5K annually.
conclusion and future plan
Conclusion and Future Plan
  • Conclusion
    • The regulation of the dipole magnet current is now very close to the desired requirement, but physicists want more
    • Further improvement is more difficult without fundamental changes to the circuit topology
  • Future Plan
    • New switching mode supplies would be ideal, but will have high risks and will be costly.
    • Space can be an issuefor new supplies
    • Incremental improvement is planned for the near future
      • Redesign the firing card to increase the firing angle resolution from 12 bit to 14 bit or more
      • Redesign the remote ADC card to improve the performance and resolve obsolescence issue
      • Close the current regulation loop (a low priority for now)

--- End ---

power supply for electromagnetic variable polarized undulator
Power Supply for Electromagnetic Variable Polarized Undulator
  • High Output: ±2000A
  • Small Load: 2mΩ and 80μH
  • Moderate regulation: <0.1%
  • AC Mode: 10Hz
  • Fast switching: 100% completion of switching between +2000A and -2000A within 5 or 6ms
candidate circuits
Candidate Circuits
  • Resonant circuit plus a DC supply
  • Multiple paralleled H-bridges

Thanks to everyone for responding to my emails!