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Greek Theatre. Overview Greek Gods Antigone Medea. Overview of Greek Theatre. The myths. The land. The stage. The Land. Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and dramatic mountain ranges Greece has a rich culture and history ______________ was founded in Greece

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Greek theatre

Greek Theatre

Overview

Greek Gods

Antigone

Medea


Overview of greek theatre
Overview of Greek Theatre

  • The myths

  • The land

  • The stage


The land
The Land

  • Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and dramatic mountain ranges

  • Greece has a rich culture and history

  • ______________ was founded in Greece

  • ______________ (male dominated) society

  • Philosophy, as a practice, began in Greece (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)

    • Study of general and fundamental problems normally connected with existence, knowledge, reason, and values.


The land1
The Land

Located in Europe in the Aegean Sea



Greek theatre

Overview of Greek Theatre

  • The land

  • The myths

  • The stage



The stage1
The Stage

Three Main Portions of Greek Theatre:

_________ – Portion of stage where actors performed (included 1-3 doors in and out)

__________ – “Dancing Place” where chorus sang to the audience

____________ – Seating for audience



The stage3
The Stage

  • Greek plays were performed during religious ceremonies held in honor of ________, the Greek god of wine and revelry (altars generally on stage)

  • Banks would shut down for days, people would travel from all around to see the drama competitions—even prisoners were temporarily released to see the plays

  • Tragedy means “goat song” (relates to Dionysian rituals)



Greek theatre

Where and how were the dramas performed?

…In an amphitheatre

…With a chorus who described most of the action.

…With masks

…With all the fighting and movement going on off stage.….With tragedy first, then comedy later.



Sophocles antigone
Sophocles’ Antigone

  • Set in Thebes (a city in ancient Greece)

  • Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta

  • Antigone’s brothers, Eteokles and Polyneces, took opposite sides in a war

  • Eteokles and Polyneces killed each other in battle

  • Antigone’s uncle, Kreon, became king of Thebes


Euripides medea
Euripides’ Medea

  • Medea is a princess from Colchis

  • Medea marries Jason, who is in Colchis on a quest for the Golden Fleece

  • Medea betrays her father and murders her brother for her love of Jason

  • Medea has magical powers

  • Jason takes Medea back to his homeland, Corinth, where they have children

  • Jason takes another wife, the king of Corinth’s daughter


Jason s voyage on the argo
Jason’s Voyage on the Argo

Jason and Medea meet

Corinth: Where Jason and Medea settle down


Overview of greek theatre1
Overview of Greek Theatre

  • The myths

  • The land

  • The stage


The myths why they were written
The Myths – Why they were written

  • Explained the ______________

  • Justified _________________

  • Gave ____________ to leaders

  • Gave hope

  • Polytheistic -

  • Centered around the ___________________(primary Greek gods)


Explained the unexplainable
Explained the Unexplainable

  • When Echo tried to get Narcissus to love her, she was denied.

  • Saddened, she shriveled to nothing, her existence melting into a rock.

  • Only her voice remained.

  • Hence, the echo!


To justify religious practices
To justify religious practices

  • Dionysian cults in ancient Greece were founded to worship Dionysus, god of grapes, vegetation, and wine (not to mention parties).


To give credibility to leaders
To give credibility to leaders

The Romans used myths to create family trees for their leaders, enforcing the made-up idea that the emperors were related to the gods and were, then, ________________.


To give hope
To give hope

  • The ancient citizens of Greece would sacrifice and pray to an _____________.

  • An __________ was a priest or priestess who would send a message to the gods from mortals who brought their requests.

Where DID hope come from?

After unleashing suffering, famine, disease, and many other evils, the last thing Pandora let out was HOPE.


The oracle at delphi
The Oracle at Delphi

  • Most famous oracle in Greek mythology.

  • Considered the _________ of the world.


The sphinx
The Sphinx

  • A mythical creature with the body of a _________and a human head (normally a _____________).

  • Proposed a _________ and if answered was defeated but if incorrect would kill.

http://www.kewlwallpapers.com/images/wallpapers/egypt-giza-sphinx-713960.jpeg


Mount olympus
Mount Olympus…

…Where the

Olympians

lived.

Who are the Olympians?




Greek theatre
_______________

  • King of gods

  • Heaven

  • Storms

  • Thunder

  • lightning


Greek theatre

____________

  • Zeus’s brother

  • King of the sea

  • Earthquakes

  • Horses


Greek theatre

_______________

  • Brother to Zeus and Poseidon

  • King of the Underworld (Tartarus)

  • Husband of Persphone


Greek theatre
______________

  • God of war


Greek theatre

______________

  • God of fire

  • Craftspeople

  • Metalworkers

  • Artisans


Greek theatre

____________

  • God of the sun

  • Music

  • Poetry

  • Fine arts

  • Medicine


Greek theatre
_____________

  • Messenger to the gods

  • Trade

  • Commerce

  • Travelers

  • Thieves & scoundrels


Greek theatre

_____________

  • God of Wine

  • Partying (Revelry)


Greek theatre

_____________

  • Queen of gods

  • Women

  • Marriage

  • Childbirth


Greek theatre

_____________

  • Goddess of Harvest

  • Agriculture

  • Fertility

  • Fruitfulness

  • Mom to Persephone


Greek theatre

_____________

  • Goddess of Hearth

  • Home

  • Community


Greek theatre

_____________

  • Goddess of wisdom

  • Practical arts

  • War


Greek theatre

_____________

  • Goddess of love and beauty


Greek theatre

____________

  • Goddess of hunting and the moon.