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Greek Theatre. Theatre History PowerPoint 2. Sophocles. Great writer of Greek tragedy 496-406 B.C. Lived in Athens Studied theatre arts Entered the theatrical competition that honored the god Dionysus as an actor and a playwright Wrote 123 plays, 24 first prize, rest second. Sophocles.

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greek theatre

Greek Theatre

Theatre History

PowerPoint 2

sophocles
Sophocles
  • Great writer of Greek tragedy
  • 496-406 B.C.
  • Lived in Athens
  • Studied theatre arts
  • Entered the theatrical competition that honored the god Dionysus as an actor and a playwright
  • Wrote 123 plays, 24 first prize, rest second
slide4
First to have 3 actors on stage at the same time
  • Increased number of singers in the chorus
  • Used ancient tales to comment on his own time period
  • 7 tragedies survived: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonnus, Antigone, and Electra
greek theatre1
Greek Theatre
  • Festival of Dionysus- annual theatrical competition
  • Chorus- group of performers who provided commentary and moved the action of play through song, dance, and speaking
  • Linked with ritual and the social and political system
theatre space
Theatre Space
  • Large open theatre that was built into the side of a hill
  • Held 14,000 to 15,000 on wooden bleachers
  • Performances occurred during the day
  • 4th century BC a permanent space, made of stone, was completed
slide7
Orchestra- circular area with an altar in the center
  • Skene (modern- scene): building behind the orchestra which served as a setting
  • Proskenion (modern- proscenium)- in front of the skene, framed the stage
performers
Performers
  • Large theatre– needed more than facial expression and vocal inflection
  • Used large gestures and Masks
  • Masks could be seen from the top row
  • Theory- some believe the masks help to project the voice like a megaphone
slide12
Three Actors played all the leading roles through the use of masks
  • No female actors
  • Chorus- approx. 15 performers
  • No stage directions in the original text, so we are not sure of the exact movement of the actors in relation to the chorus
costumes
Costumes
  • Same everyday clothing with some additions
  • They wore robes made of woven wool or linen that were draped and layered
  • Simple rectangle shape
  • Consisted of different colors and sometimes embroidery
  • Used laces, pins, or belts to hold them in place
slide14
They wore sandals
  • Men (esp. soldiers)- calf boots
  • Lead performers would change their mask and possibly add on a robe to portray different characters
  • The Chorus were most likely dressed alike or in similar robes and masks
sources
Sources
  • Taylor, Robert D. and Robert D. Strickland. Theatre Art in Action. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.
  • http://courses.cit.cornell.edu/thetr364/images/GreekTheatre.gif
  • http://www.flickr.com/
  • http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/1200/1244/sophocles_1_md.gif
  • http://records.viu.ca/~mcneil/jpg/sophocles.jpg
  • http://www.uky.edu/AS/Classics/pics/p82.gif
  • http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth4616/images/Greek_mask_100.jpg