Greek Theatre. Greek Festivals. Festivals honored Olympian gods Ritual Competitions Olympics: Apollo Athletics Lyric Poetry Drama: Dionysos Dithyrambic Choruses Tragedy Comedy. Greek Theatre. 6th - 4th century bce Originated in festivals honoring Dionysos Tragedy:
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PROLOGOS: Introductory scene
PARADOS: Entry of chorus
4-5 alternating scenes and choral odes, including the
PAEAN: a hymn of praise to the gods
EXODOS: final scene
EPODE: final ode.
ARETE, ARISTEIA: excellence
HAMARTIA: fatal mistake
PERIPETEIA: reversal of fortune
Scene from Lenaian Festival c. 490-480 bce
entry of 24 member chorus dressed in fantastic costume
Agon:argument “just prior to the agon, the leader of the chorus always asks one contender to present his argument, and it is this contender who always loses”
Parabasis:chorus’s great song
4-5 alternating scenes and choral odes illustrating the outcome of the agon
Komos: final choral song and exit in wild revelry
Under the Empire, these festivals afforded "bread and circuses" to the masses – many performances. —including a series of plays or events. Acting troupes (perhaps several a day) put on theatre events.
Fresco with theatre masks
Artist’s Impression of the Roman Theatre of Verulamium : Britaincirca CE 180, excavated in 1847by Alan Sorrell
Medea, Herculaneum c. 70 bce
Lucius Annaeus Seneca(5 or 4 B.C.E.– 65 C.E.)