the status and future of transportation fuel technologies for wisconsin
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The Status and Future of Transportation Fuel Technologies for Wisconsin . Maria Redmond Wisconsin State Energy Office. 2013 Sustainability Summit and Exposition Milwaukee, WI March 6, 2013. Wisconsin State Energy Office (SEO).

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the status and future of transportation fuel technologies for wisconsin

The Status and Future of Transportation Fuel Technologies for Wisconsin

Maria Redmond

Wisconsin State Energy Office

2013 Sustainability Summit and Exposition

Milwaukee, WI

March 6, 2013

Wisconsin State Energy Office (SEO)

The SEO works with policy makers, businesses interested in energy opportunities, innovators, public/private initiatives and federal agencies to implement cost‐effective, reliable, balanced and environmentally‐friendly clean energy projects.

The SEO’s Mission is to invest in Wisconsin by:

  • Increasing energy efficiency;
  • Developing renewable and alternative energy sources;
  • Promoting energy-related economic development & jobs; and
  • Reducing reliance on imported oil.

The SEO manages over $85 million in federal energy-related grants and loans

Energy Security: WI Petroleum Use
  • Wisconsin has no fossil fuel deposits
  • Wisconsin has one small oil refinery

Source: Wisconsin Energy Statistics 2010 Energy Expenditure Figure on Page 131 (right)

Current Economics: WI Transportation
  • Petroleum is Wisconsin’s largest energy expenditure
  • On-road diesel consumption: 744 million gallons
  • On-road gasoline consumption: 2.5 billion gallons
  • WI consumers spend ~$10 billion annually for petroleum
  • Price volatility creates economicuncertainty for fleets

wi alternative transportation fuels
WI Alternative Transportation Fuels
  • E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline)
  • Biodiesel (B5, B20, B100)
  • Natural Gas (CNG, LNG, Bio-Gas)
  • Propane Autogas (LPG)
  • Hybrid Electric
  • Electric
  • Hydrogen

Source: Alternative Fuels and Biofuels Use Report 2011

Overall Benefits

Energy Security

- Domestic production and use


Reduction in harmful tailpipe emissions


- Lower cost of fuels

- Domestic production and use

wisconsin registered vehicles
Wisconsin Registered Vehicles

Source: *As of March 2012, State Energy Office/DOT Registration Database

electric vehicle charging sites
Electric Vehicle Charging Sites

78 publically accessible charging points throughout the state

Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center

propane stations
Propane Stations
  • 49 public propane stations throughout the state

Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center

Natural Gas Stations
  • 26 public CNG stations throughout the state.
  • 6 private CNG stations
  • 2 private biogas stations
  • 1 public LNG station
  • 13 new stations since January 2012
  • est. 15-20 new stations in 2013
  • Potentially 100 -200 new stations in next 5 years

Wisconsin CNG Station Map

Source: USDOE EERE Alternative Fuels Data Center

wisconsin clean transportation program
Wisconsin Clean Transportation Program
  • $300 million USDOE Clean Cities Grant Program
  • 25 awards across the US, WI received largest award
  • $15 million awarded to WI
  • 36 partners, 315 vehicles, 18 alternative fuel locations
  • Additional $17 million leveraged by public and private fleets
  • Goals:
    • Reduction of Petroleum Use in Transportation
    • Cleaner Air Through Reduced Emissions
    • Acceptance of Alternative Fuels
    • Acceptance of Advanced Vehicle Technology
state energy program
State Energy Program
  • CNG Infrastructure Challenge ($1.1 million)
    • - 7 awards for 9 new CNG (pipeline and biogas) refueling sites
  • Hydrogen Fuel use in Municipal Fleets ($75,000)
    • - 1 award to the City of Beloit for a feasibility and demonstration project
  • Electric Vehicle implementation for State Fleet ($120,000)
    • - 5 awards to state agencies to purchase 6 electric vehicles
Biofuels Programs
  • Biodiesel Blending Program ($600,000)
    • For bulk fuel terminal facilities interested in increasing biodiesel blending capabilities
    • 2 projects selected in Milwaukee at Granville and Port Terminals
    • Project completed 12/12
  • Biofuels Retail Availability Improvement Network (BRAIN) – ($1 million)
    • For fuel retailers capable of locating the E85 or biodiesel refueling outlets available to consumers
    • Applications due 12/31/13
Natural Gas for Transportation Roundtable
  • Governor directed stakeholder initiative organized by the SEO and WI Clean Cities to promote the use of CNG, LNG and Biogas as transportation fuels in WI
  • Launched in April 2012, 4 major events held with 125 participants at each event
  • SEO and Wisconsin Clean Cities collaborated to host four meetings around the state
  • Very high level of interest from transportation companies, petroleum markets, fleet owners, equipment suppliers
  • Identified areas of need, especially in codes and certain regulatory requirements, for example –
    • - Training & Maintenance facility upgrade requirements
2013 initiatives
2013 Initiatives
  • Additional grant funding to support natural gas and propane vehicle purchases and conversions
  • Natural Gas for transportation regulatory guidelines, checklists, and case studies
  • Continued funding for ethanol and biodiesel infrastructure
  • Work with policy makers to come up with a financial incentives to further support alternative fuels and infrastructure deployment in the state

new forwarding wisconsin s fuel choice
NEW! Forwarding Wisconsin's Fuel Choice
  • $500,000 award from USDOE Clean Cities Grant Program
  • Program Team – SEO, Wisconsin Clean Cities and WI Technical College System
  • Goals to expand alternative fuels use by:
    • Expand accessibility to alternative fuels off highways;
    • offer training for first responders, public safety officers, and permitting officials; and
    • assist public fleets in developing and implementing petroleum reduction strategies and policies.
  • Launch in Q1 2013
Making strides, but still a long way to go!

Petroleum is available everywhere across Wisconsin for the vast majority of existing and available new vehicles

Alternative fueling stations and available vehicles are much more limited

Substituting alternative fuels for conventional vehicle fuel in Wisconsin will take time, effort and money

Continuous Growth in WI
  • Develop Partnerships
    • smoother transition to new technologies with wider knowledge base
    • wider acceptance of advanced vehicle technologies and clean fuels
    • Ability to secure funding
  • Address availability and limitations of technology – both infrastructure and vehicles
  • Sound public policy to support development efforts
  • SEO will continue to develop programs to support alternative fuels efforts
  • Economic, environmental and security benefits make it worth the investment
Thank you!

Maria Redmond

[email protected]