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ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR PowerPoint Presentation
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ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR

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  1. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR

  2. YALTA CONFERENCE * FEBRUARY 4-11 1945 * CRIMEAN PENNINSULA * CHURCHILL, ROOSEVELT, STALIN

  3. YALTA CONFERENCE

  4. YALTA AGREEMENTS • UN • FREE ELECTIONS • COALITION GOVERNMENT IN POLAND • GERMANY – 4 ZONES

  5. Soviet Gains Polish Gains Soviet Zone US Zone British Zone French Zone

  6. POTSDAM CONFERENCE • JULY 17 –AUGUST 2 1945 • OUTSIDE BERLIN • ATLEE, TRUMAN, STALIN

  7. POTSDAM CONFERENCE

  8. POTSDAM DISAGREEMENTS • SOVIETS REFUSE POLAND COALITION • ADJUST BORDER OF GERMANY AND POLAND • TRUMAN REFUSES SOVIET REPARATIONS FROM ALLIED ZONES

  9. RUSSIAN EXPERIENCE • INVADED BY GERMANY TWICE IN 27 YEARS • LOST IN WWI • ALMOST LOST WWII • WANT TO PREVENT THIS FROM HAPPENING AGAIN

  10. JOSEPH STALIN GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY 1922-1953

  11. SOVIET DISTRUST • UP TO 40 MILLION KILLED IN WWII • ABOUT 100,000 US SOLDIER KILLED IN EUROPE • STALIN FEELS US DELAYED SECOND FRONT

  12. WINSTON CHURCHILL PRIME MINISTER OF GREAT BRITAIN 1940-1945 1951-1955

  13. IRON CURTAIN SPEECH • MARCH 5, 1946 • FULTON, MISSOURI • WINSTON CHURCHILL • TRIEST TO STETIN- AN IRON CURTAIN

  14. CONTAINMENT • GEORGE F. KENNAN • STOP SPREAD OF COMMUNISM • THEORY-IF COMMUNISM CAN’T • GROW, IT WILL DIE

  15. TRUMAN DOCTRINE • US SUPPORTANYONE FIGHTING COMMUNISM • $400 MILLION TO TURKEY AND GREECE • EXAMPLE OF CONTAINMENT

  16. GEORGE C. MARSHALL SECRETARY OF STATE 1947-49

  17. MARSHALL PLAN • GEORGE C. MARSHALL SECRETARY OF STATE • JUNE 1947 • ECONOMIC AID TO REBUILD EUROPE • $12 BILLION