Los verbos reflexivos Español II
•A subject doing something to itself • In English: “I shave myself” or “I wash myself.” • Typically, we leave off “myself” What is a reflexive verb?
How to conjugate •Step 1: Find the verb and take off the –se Example: mirarse
How to conjugate •Step 2: Take off the infinitive Example: mirar
How to conjugate •Step 3: Find your subject Example: Luisa y yo
•Step 4: Add the endings How to conjugate
•Step 5: Add the appropriate reflexive pronoun based on subject. Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the conjugated verb. How to conjugate
Step 1: maquillarse • Step 2: maquillar • Step 3: subject: nosotros Example: maquillarse (nosotros)
Step 4: -ar ending for nosotros • -amos • maquill- + -amos = maquillamos • Step 5: Reflexive pronoun for nosotros • nos • before the conjugate verb • Finish: nos maquillamos Example: maquillarse (nosotros)
Step 1 • ponerse • Step 2 • poner • Step 3 • subject: yo Example: ponerse(yo)
Step 4: • Yo form of poner? • pongo • Step 5: Reflexive pronoun for yo • me • before the conjugate verb • Finish: me pongo Example: ponerse(yo)
Not all verbs are reflexive • When do I use a reflexive verb? • Is the subject doing something to himself or herself? • Yes → Use a reflexive pronoun • No → Just conjugate regularly Reflexive or not?
Susana looks in the mirror. • Is Susana doing something to herself? • Yes – the verb would be reflexive • Susana looks at the TV. • Is Susana doing something to herself? • No – the verb would be regular verb. Reflexive or not?
Susana eats tacos. • Not doing it to herself – not reflexive • Susana combs her hair. • Doing it to herself – reflexive • Susana combs her teacher’s hair. • Not doing it to herself – not reflexive Reflexive or not?
Change only the reflexive pronoun at the END of the sentence • The reflexive pronoun should ALWAYS agree with the subject Infinitives Yo quiero lavarme. Tú prefieres afeitar por la mañana. te
English: I was MY face. • Spanish: Use el, la, los, las with body parts or clothing after a reflexive verb. • I wash my face. • Yo me lavo la cara. Body parts