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Los Verbos Reflexivos

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  1. Los VerbosReflexivos Julia Frances

  2. To say that people do something to or forthemselves you use reflexive verbs.

  3. For example: washing one’s hands lavarselasmanos and brushing one’s teeth cepillarse los dientes arereflexive actions because the persondoing the actionALSOreceives the action.

  4. Many reflexive verbs are translated into English with the word “get” like vestirse to get dressed or arreglarse to get ready (presentable)

  5. How do you know a verb is reflexive? It ends in “se” in the infinitive form. • ducharse • cepillarse • afeitarse

  6. Here we are seeing the difference between a reflexive verb and a non reflexive verb. Ana Carlos REFLEXIVE Claudia NON REFLEXIVE

  7. Claudia is getting her hair cut BY Ana. She is NOT doing the action TO HERSELF so the non reflexive verb “cortar” is used. Ana cortael pelo. Carlos Claudia Ana REFLEXIVE NON REFLEXIVE

  8. Carlos is cutting HIS OWN hair. He is doing the action TO HIMSELF so the reflexiveverb “cortarse” is used. Anacortael pelo. Carlos se cortael pelo. Ana Juan Claudia REFLEXIVE NON REFLEXIVE

  9. B A Julia Letter “A” is reflexive because Ana is combing her own hair. Ana sepeina el pelo. In letter”B” Julia is combing Ana’s hair. Julia peina el pelo de Ana. Ana Ana

  10. Choose which is reflexive? B A Letter “B” is reflexive because Linais painting her own nails. Linasepintalasuñas. In letter ”A” Juana is painting Laura’s nails. Juana pintalasuñasde Laura. Juana Laura Lina

  11. Choose which is reflexive? B A Letter “B” is reflexive because Paco is washing his (own) hands. Pacose lava lasmanos. In letter ”A” Paco is washing dishes. He is not doing the action to himself. Paco lava los platos . Paco Paco

  12. How do you conjugate a reflexive verb?

  13. All reflexive verbs are used with a reflexive pronoun. Each reflexive prounounmatches up with the subject prounounthat it “reflects”. Reflexive Prounoun Subject Translation myself yo me yourself tú te himself/herself/ itself/yourself él/ella/usted se nosotros nos ourselves ellos/ellasustedes se themselves, yourselves, each other

  14. Where does the reflexive pronoun go? In the present tense and other simple (single word) tenses it goes in front of the conjugated verb. Yo me peino.

  15. Where does the reflexive pronoun go? • With infinitives it can go in front of the “helping” verb, • or be “tacked on” to the endof the infinitive. Yovoy a vestir. me Yovoya vestir me.

  16. Where does the reflexive pronoun go? It is the same with present participles (“ing” verbs ending in ando, iendo or endo ). • It can go in front of the “helping” verb, • or be “tacked on” to the end of the • present participle. Yoestoyduchando. me me. Estoyduchando

  17. Some verbs can be reflexive AND non reflexive. However, they can have small but important changes in meaningwhen they become reflexive.

  18. Many reflexive verbs are used to talk about your morning grooming routine as you get ready for the day and at night when you are getting ready for bed.

  19. Prácticacon losverbosreflexivos

  20. (Luz)*despertarse Luz se despiertaa lassiete.

  21. (Tú) levantarse (temprano) Tútelevantasa lasseis y treinta.

  22. (Usted) ducharse la ducha Ustedse duchaen la ducha.

  23. (Nosotros) bañarse la bañera Nosotrosnosbañamosen la bañera.

  24. (Yo) lavarse el pelo el pelo Yome lavoel pelo.

  25. (Ellas) lavarselasmanos lasmanos Ellasse lavanlasmanos.

  26. (Ana) afeitarse laspiernas Ana se afeitalaspiernas.

  27. (Ustedes) secarse la toalla Ustedesse secan con la toalla.

  28. (Ellos) afeitarse la barba Ellosse afeitanlasbarbas.

  29. (Nostoros) cepillarse los dientes Nosotrosnoscepillamoslos dientes.

  30. (Diego) secarse el pelo el secador Diego se secael pelo con el secador.

  31. (Nosotros) arreglarse el pelo Nosotrosnosarreglamosel pelo.

  32. (Él) *ponerse el desodorante . Élse pone el desodorante.

  33. (Nosotros) vestirse Nosvestimos. .

  34. (Nosotros)*ponersela ropa la ropa Nosponemosla ropa. .

  35. (Yo ) maquillarse el maquillaje Me maquillocon el maquillaje.

  36. (Usted ) mirarse el espejo . Used se miraen el espejo.

  37. (Yo) *ponerse el perfume el agua de colonia . Yome pongoel perfume.

  38. (Él) cortarse el pelo Élse cortael pelo.

  39. (Ellas) pintarselasuñas lasuñas Ellasse pintanlasuñas.

  40. (Tú) prepararse Tútepreparas.

  41. (los alumnos)*despedirse Los alumnosse despiden.

  42. (Ustedes) *acostarse Ustedesse acuestana las once.

  43. Finally, other common reflexive verbs that do not have to do with morning and evening (grooming) routines are: • llamarse-to be called (used to tell your name) • enojarse-to get angry • quejarse-to complain • equivocarse-to be mistaken • fijarse (en) -to notice, to pay attention (to) • olvidarse (de)-to forget • *sentarse-to sit down • *sentirse-to feel • *divertirse -to have fun

  44. REPASO DE VOCABULARIO

  45. Despertarse

  46. Levantarse

  47. Ducharse. la ducha

  48. Bañarse la bañera

  49. Lavarse el pelo.

  50. Lavarselasmanos.