The effect of applied pressure on vapor pressure. The location of phase boundaries. Pressure and temperature at which two phases can coexist. There is a relation between dp and dT that ensures that the system remains in equilibrium as either variable is changed. Relation between dp and dT.
Pressure and temperature at which two phases can coexist.
There is a relation between dp and dT that ensures that the system remains in equilibrium as either variable is changed.
C = number of component
Mole fraction of components in each phase must be one
Number of relation =number of phases= p
For chemical equilibrium,
Chemical potential of individual component will be same in each of the phases.
In each of the component
(p-1) relation for each of the component
Total number of relation for chemical equilibrium = c(p-1)
Degree of Freedom = pc + 2 – p - c(p-1)
= c – p + 2
What happens to boiling point or freezing point of a liquid in the presence of a solute?
What happens to chemical potential of a liquid in the presence of solute?
There is depression of freezing point upon addition of a solute.
Solutes with high melting points and large enthalpies of melting have low solubilities at normal temperature.
Maximum degree of freedom = 3
Temperature, pressure and composition.
Q. One mole of benzene is mixed with two moles of toluene. At 60 C , the vapor pressure of benzene and toluene are 51.3 and 18.5 kPa, respectively. (a) As the pressure is reduced, at what pressure will boiling begin? (b) What will be the composition of the first bubble of vapor?