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CHAPTER 1. The Modern Organization in the Global, Web-Based Environment. CHAPTER OUTLINE. Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions IT as an Enabler in Globalization Why Are Information Systems Important to You?. Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions.

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chapter 1

CHAPTER 1

The Modern Organization in the Global, Web-Based Environment

chapter outline
CHAPTER OUTLINE

Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions

IT as an Enabler in Globalization

Why Are Information Systems Important to You?

information systems concepts and definitions
Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions
  • What is an information system (IS)?
  • Why do organizations use information systems?
    • Business Processes
    • Information System is a technology- independent concept
is concepts and definitions cont
IS Concepts and Definitions (cont.)
  • IT Architecture – a high-level map of the information assets of an organization
    • e.g., a travel agency
it as an enabler in globalization
IT as an Enabler in Globalization
  • IT enables us to connect, compute, communicate, collaborate, and compete everywhere and any time
  • Operates without regard to time, distance, and language
  • Best represented by the Internet and the World Wide Web
the stages of globalization from thomas friedman in the world is flat
The Stages of Globalization (From Thomas Friedman in The World is Flat)
  • Globalization 1.0 (from 1492 to 1800)
  • Globalization 2.0 (from 1800 to 2000)
  • Globalization 3.0 (from 2000 to the present)
thomas friedman s ten flatteners
Thomas Friedman’s Ten Flatteners
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall
  • Netscape goes public
  • Development of work-flow software
  • Uploading (Web 2.0)
  • Outsourcing
  • Offshoring
  • Supply Chaining
  • Insourcing
  • Informing
  • The Steroids
why are information systems important to you
Why Are Information Systems Important to You?
  • Information systems and information technologies are integral to your lives
  • Information systems are used by all functional areas in an organization
  • Information systems offer career opportunities