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Therapies – Chapter 13. Cognitive Therapies. based on changing clients’ perceptions Stress Inoculation – focuses on self-talk REBT - Developed by Ellis Based on irrational beliefs – musts and shoulds ABC’s of REBT. The A-B-C theory. The A-B-C theory - Example.

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Therapies – Chapter 13


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cognitive therapies
Cognitive Therapies
  • based on changing clients’ perceptions
  • Stress Inoculation – focuses on self-talk
  • REBT - Developed by Ellis
    • Based on irrational beliefs – musts and shoulds
    • ABC’s of REBT
the a b c theory example
The A-B-C theory - Example
  • A – Activating Emotional Experience
    • Reading chapters on counseling approaches presenting a dozen complex theories
  • B- Belief
    • I feel so stupid that I can’t understand this stuff.
    • This is terrible. I’ll never be a good counselor.
    • I should be able to pick this stuff up faster.
  • C – Consequences
    • Anxiety, Fear, Confusion, Frustration, Anger
the a b c theory example cont
The A-B-C theory – Example cont’
  • D – Disputing Irrational Beliefs
    • “Of course I feel overwhelmed – that is what an introductory student is supposed to feel when presented with an overview of the field in just a few weeks.”
    • “Just because I don’t understand everything about these theories doesn’t make me a stupid person- just a person who will have to work a little harder and have more patience.”
    • “This isn’t a terrible situation only a difficult one.”
the a b c theory example cont1
E – Emotional Effect

Relief

Mild Tension

Mild annoyance

Excitement

From:

Anxiety

Fear

Confusion

Frustration

Anger

The A-B-C theory – Example cont’
irrational ideas
Irrational Ideas
  • Irrational ideas lead to self-defeating behavior
  • Some thoughts:
    • Awfulizing
    • “I can’t stand it”
    • Musterbating
    • Self-judgments
  • Some examples:
    • “I must have love or approval from all the significant people in my life.”
    • “I must perform important tasks competently and perfectly.”
    • “If I don’t get what I want, it’s terrible, and I can’t stand it.”
beck cognitive therapy
Beck Cognitive Therapy
  • Focuses on changing inappropriately negative patterns of thought
  • Similar to REBT, but different in style
    • Less challenging
    • Less confrontational
    • Examines in a supportive manner
ct s cognitive distortions
CT’s Cognitive Distortions
  • Arbitrary inferences
  • Selective abstraction
  • Overgeneralization
  • Magnification and minimization
  • Personalization
  • Labeling and mislabeling
  • Polarized thinking
settings
Settings
  • Group - achieve insight thought group interactions
    • Psycho educational
    • Self-help
    • Here and now
  • Family – family is partially responsible for problems
    • Multigenerational, strategic, Adlerian, structural
  • Couple – designed to help in communication and other issus
    • Pre Marital
    • Post Marital
other theories
Other Theories
  • Brief Solution Focused
  • Narrative
  • Art
  • Play
  • PsychoDrama
  • Object-Relations
  • Jungian
  • Transactional Analysis
  • 12 - step
  • Social Learning
  • Biblio-therapy