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Response to Instruction & Intervention (RtI 2 ) Scotts Valley Presentation. Using Differentiation to Provide Equity and Access for All Students. Agenda/Outcomes for Today. Introduction and Overview of RtI2 The Connection between RtI and PLCs RtI and your core program Your data and RtI LUNCH

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response to instruction intervention rti 2 scotts valley presentation

Response to Instruction & Intervention (RtI2)Scotts Valley Presentation

Using Differentiation to Provide Equity and Access for All Students

agenda outcomes for today
Agenda/Outcomes for Today
  • Introduction and Overview of RtI2
  • The Connection between RtI and PLCs
  • RtI and your core program
  • Your data and RtI
    • LUNCH
  • Site Based Implementation Activity
our beliefs
Our Beliefs
  • RtI2 is not a program, but a process and framework for consolidating and using your existing resources wisely
  • RtI2 is designed to assure high levels of learning for all students
for all students to learn we must
For all students to learn, we must:
  • Start with a highly effective research-based core instruction
  • Systematically identify students who are not succeeding in our core program
  • Provide additional time and support to struggling students
rti a definition
RtI: A Definition

Response to Intervention (RtI) is the practice of providing high quality instruction and interventions matched to student need, monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about changes in instruction (differentiation) or goals and applying student response data to important educational decisions.

RtI should be applied to decisions in general, remedial and special education, creating a well integrated system of instruction/intervention guided by student outcome data.Source: School Level NASDSE Blueprint

response to intervention what is it why do it is it worth it
Response to InterventionWhat Is It? Why Do It? Is It Worth It?
  • “Say Something*” Activity
    • Paired Reading Strategy
    • Thinking-Out-Loud & Attentive Listening
    • Individual & Shared Understanding

* ‘something’ might be a question, a brief statement, a key point, an interesting idea, or a personal connection

slide10

PBIS:

Family Support Teams

IEPs & Marathon Meetings

SSTs, & Marathon Meetings

Progress Monitoring happens at each tier!

PLCs/Data Teams, Grade Level/Dept. Teams, & Marathon Meetings

slide11

PLCs

RtI

Over the past decade, two proven processes have been developed to achieve this goal:

Both are Systems Changes

the three big ideas of a plc
The Three Big Ideas of a PLC

1. Focus on learning

2. Build a collaborative culture

3. Focus on results

problem solving process coi
Problem Solving Process (COI)
  • Define the problem
    • Where are our gaps?
  • Analyze the problem
    • Why is it happening?
  • Develop a Plan
    • What shall we do about it?
  • Evaluate
    • Did our plan work?
the rti 2 plc link
The RtI2 – PLC Link
  • Marathon Meetings
    • Strengths, concerns, interventions, desired outcome, action plan, time-line, follow up, meet 3 times a year
    • (Team can consist of Teacher, Psych, Speech Therapist, Admin, Counselor, other Resource Teachers)
in a plc collaborative teams focus on three key questions
In a PLC, Collaborative TeamsFocus on Three Key Questions

1. What do we expect students to learn?

2. How will we know when they have learned it?

3. How will we respond when they have/haven’t learn?

improving you core program big ideas
Improving you Core ProgramBig Ideas
  • Use academic and behavioral data to inform decisions.
  • Increase the intensity of the program for struggling students.
  • Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (INSTRUCTION – how to teach).
  • Use research-based, scientifically validated curriculum (INTERVENTIONS – what to teach) and materials.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture.

1 use academic and behavioral data to inform decisions
#1 Use academic and behavioral data to inform decisions.
  • Screening
  • Diagnostic
    • Specific measures of:
      • Decoding
      • Encoding
      • Fluency
      • Comprehension
    • Program specific placement tests
  • Progress Monitoring
    • Curriculum-based assessment measures (DIBELS, AIMSweb, MAP)
    • Program specific assessments
    • Tier 1 – Progress monitoring three times a year (benchmarks)
    • Tier 2 – Frequent progress monitoring at least once a month (text, teacher made)
    • Tier 3 – More frequent progress monitoring

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

2 increase the intensity of the program for struggling students
#2 Increase the intensity of the program for struggling students.
  • Increase time spent on targeted areas.
  • Reduce group size.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

2 increase the intensity of the program for struggling students20
#2 Increase the intensity of the program for struggling students
  • Reduce group size.
  • Example: Elementary
    • Idea A: Establish different 90 minute reading blocks for k-1, 2-3, 4-5. When students are not in reading blocks, they can be “pulled out” for Tier 2 and Tier 3 interventions.
    • Idea B: Establish 90 minute reading blocks and an additional grade-level 20 – 40 minute intervention period. All students go to a class for specialized instruction including intervention.
    • Idea C: Extend the 90 minute reading block to 120 – 150 minutes and provide intervention with the classroom

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).
  • Explicit instruction
  • Relentless
  • Engaging Delivery

(Take a minute to discuss with a partner, what each of these looks like in a classroom.)

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach22
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).
  • Explicit Instruction
    • Instruction is direct versus indirect (discovery).
    • Instructional languages, explanations, and directives are clear and unambiguous.
    • Instructional routines are used again and again.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach23
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).
  • Explicit Instruction of Skills/Strategies
  • Model I do it. My turn.
  • Prompt We do it. Let’s do this together.
  • Check You do it. Your turn.

( GRR – Gradual Release of Responsibility )

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach24
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).

Explicit Instruction of Concepts (vocabulary)

  • Introduce the word.
  • Provide a “student-friendly explanation.”
  • Illustrate with examples.
  • Check for understanding.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach25
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).
  • Relentless
    • Adequate initial practice opportunities
    • Distributed review
    • Cumulative review
      • Tier 3 students may require 10 – 30 times as many practice opportunities as peers.
    • Teach to mastery.
      • Let’s not leave students over exposed and underdeveloped.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

3 use research based scientifically validated instructional procedures how to teach26
# 3 Use research-based, scientifically validated instructional procedures (how to teach).
  • Delivery Skills
    • Require frequent responses.
    • Monitor student performance carefully.
    • Provide immediate affirmative and corrective feedback.
    • Deliver the lesson at a brisk pace.

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

4 use research based scientifically validated curriculum what to teach and materials
#4 Use research-based, scientifically validated curriculum (what to teach) and materials.
  • Curriculum (What to teach)
  • Focus on the BIG FIVE
    • Phonemic awareness
    • Decoding
    • Fluency
    • Vocabulary
    • Comprehension

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

4 use research based scientifically validated curriculum what to teach and materials28
#4 Use research-based, scientifically validated curriculum (what to teach) and materials.
  • Example – Elementary
    • Tier 2 – Supplemental targeted skill interventions
      • Kindergarten
        • Phonemic awareness
        • Letter – sound associations
        • Beginning decoding
      • First Grade
        • First half of year
          • Decoding single syllable words
          • Decoding multisyllabic words
          • High frequency words
      • Second Grade
          • Decoding single and multisyllabic words
          • Encoding
          • High Frequency Words
          • Fluency of word reading
          • Reading connected text accurately and fluently

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

4 use research based scientifically validated curriculum what to teach and materials29
#4 Use research-based, scientifically validated curriculum (what to teach) and materials.
  • Tier 2 – Supplemental targeted skill interventions
    • Second and third grade
      • Decoding single and multisyllabic words
      • Encoding (spelling) same words
      • High frequency words
      • Fluency of word reading
      • Reading connected text accurately and fluently
      • Literal comprehension
      • Comprehension strategies such as story retell, summarization, prediction
    • Third, fourth, fifth grade
      • Decoding multisyllabic words
      • Encoding (spelling) same words
      • Reading connected text accurately and fluently
      • Passage vocabulary
      • Literal comprehension
      • Comprehension strategies such as story grammar (narrative), “getting the gist” or paragraph shrinking (expository), mapping/webbing
      • Writing summaries

Source – Anita Archer, Response to Intervention, The Big Picture

rti 2
RtI2…

- David Tilly, 2008

rti 2 visual synectic

Greek Root -

Syn = bringing together

Greek Root -

ectics = diverse elements

RtI2 Visual Synectic

Response to Instruction & Intervention is like…

… because …

core components rti2 core components to a strong response to instruction and intervention rti2
Core Components – RtI2 Core components to a strong Response to Instruction and Intervention (RtI2).

A cohesive RtI2 process integrates resources from general education, categoricalprograms and special education into a comprehensive system of core instruction and interventions to benefit every student. The following core components are critical to the full implementation of a strong RtI2 process.

California Department of Education (http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/cr/ri/rticorecomponents.asp)

1 high quality classroom instruction
#1 High-quality classroom instruction.
  • Students receive high-quality and culturally relevant, standards-based instruction in their classroom setting by highly qualified teachers.
2 research based instruction
#2 Research-based instruction
  • The instruction that is provided within the classroom is culturally responsive and has been demonstrated to be effective through scientific research.
3 universal screening
#3 Universal screening
  • School staff assess all students to determine students’ needs. Based on the collected data, school staff determine which students require close progress monitoring, differentiated instruction, additional targeted assessment, a specific research based intervention, or acceleration.
4 continuous classroom progress monitoring
#4Continuous classroom progress monitoring
  • Classroom performance of all students is monitored continually within the classroom. In this way, teachers can identify those learners who need more depth and complexity in daily work and those who are not meeting benchmarks or other expected standards and adjust instruction accordingly.
5 research based interventions
#5 Research-based interventions
  • When monitoring data indicate a lack of progress, an appropriate research-based intervention is implemented. The interventions are designed to increase the intensity of the students’ instructional experience.
6 progress monitoring during instruction and interventions
#6 Progress monitoring during instruction and interventions
  • School staff use progress monitoring data to determine the effectiveness of the acceleration or intervention and to make any modifications, as needed. Carefully defined data are collected on a frequent basis to provide a cumulative record of the students’ progress, acceleration and/or response to instruction and intervention.
7 fidelity of program implementation
#7 Fidelity of program implementation.
  • Student success in the RtI2 model requires fidelity of implementation in the delivery of content and instructional strategies specific to the learning and/or behavioral needs of the student.
8 staff development and collaboration
#8 Staff development and collaboration
  • All school staff are trained in assessments, data analysis, programs, and research-based instructional practices and strategies. Site grade level or interdisciplinary teams use a collaborative approach to analyze student data and work together in the development, implementation, and monitoring of the intervention process.
9 parent involvement
# 9 Parent involvement
  • The involvement and active participation of parents at all stages of the instructional and intervention process is essential to improving the educational outcomes of their students. Parents are kept informed of the progress of their students in their native language or other mode of communication, and their input is valued in making appropriate decisions
10 specific learning disability determination
# 10 Specific Learning Disability Determination
  • The RtI2 approach may be one component of Specific Learning Disability determination as addressed in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 statute and regulations. As part of determining eligibility, the data from the RtI2 process may be used to ensure that a student has received research-based instruction and interventions.
core components activity
Core Components Activity

What is you current reality?

  • Count off into 7 groups.
  • Examine and discuss one or two of the key components in depth.
  • Summarize which of the elements within that component are already in place at their site.
  • Also discuss which elements your site could target in the future.
  • Take a gallery walk and add your thoughts to each of the components chart.
  • Charts will be used for site based decision making around next steps.
a moral responsibility
A Moral Responsibility

“Our work must be driven by the knowledge that our collaborative efforts will determine the life long success or life-ending failure of our students.”

-Pyramid Response to Intervention