1 / 33

Indus Valley

Indus Valley. Indus Valley. Indus Valley. Indus Valley. T he Indus and Ganges Rivers formed a fertile plain where this civilization emerged . But flooding was unpredictable & the river changed course. Monsoons Seasonal Winds. October – May dry winds from the desert June – September

Download Presentation

Indus Valley

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Indus Valley Indus Valley

  2. Indus Valley

  3. Indus Valley The Indus and Ganges Rivers formed a fertile plain where this civilization emerged. But flooding was unpredictable & the river changed course.

  4. MonsoonsSeasonal Winds • October – May dry winds from the desert • June – September wet rains from the Arabian Sea

  5. Indus Valley started about 3000-2500 BC along the the Indus River. Biggest city -Mohenjo-Daro, in present day Pakistan, Had cities and settlements all along the river.

  6. MohenjoDaro

  7. Harappa3000 – 1500 BC Among the earliest cities Language has not been translated

  8. Rainey season was inconsistent

  9. Like Egypt, mountains to the north made a natural protective barrier(the Himalayas)

  10. The discovery of the Indus Valley civilization was first recorded in the 1800's by the British.

  11. It was a very advanced civilization with planned, bricked walled homes (some up to three stories), bathrooms with drainage system, and other advances. “The Great Bath” of Mohenjo-Daro…the 1st public bath area in the ancient world.

  12. Harappa main drain area • Archeologists know they created well planned out cities on a grid system, very sophisticated with plumbing and sewage systems

  13. Mohenjo-Daro sewer lines Private bath of a home that drains down into street drain area and flowed to a sewer drain for the city

  14. Seals found in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Writing system is called Sanskrit. It is not completely understood.

  15. · They advanced an education system for their sons led by a Guru(teacher) and continued a make a dominant culture. • · Due to the physical diversity of the Indian subcontinent, many forms of economic activities took place; mostly farming (in spite of the monsoons), herding, and trading.

  16. There doesn’t seem to be any proof of warfare-not really much found, So it seems conflict was limited Instead it seems a lot of trade with other civilizations happened instead based on things that have been found at both sites of Mesopotamia and the Indus River areas.

  17. Found in Harpa What are they? 1 guess: weights used for controlling trade and collecting taxes.

  18. Buddhism 2 major Religions develop in this area Hinduism

  19. The nomadic Aryan tribes seemed to start migrating in 2000BC. Their arrival to the Indus River Valley coincides with the fall of the civilization so they get blamed for the decline.

  20. Religious beginnings Aryans sacrifice to Gods, priests, rebirth, caste system, scripture (Vedas) Indus River meditation, karma, equality Hinduism

  21. The caste system (supposedly brought in by the Aryans)…is a rigid system of five social categories based on economic & social position

  22. Modern day untouchables in India

  23. Aryan and Harappan cultures began to learn from each other. Harappans learned Aryan songs about how the world works. Aryans learned farming and specializing in crafts.

  24. The songs were were supposedly collected into a book called the Vedas also known as the "Books of Knowledge" in the Hindu faith. The Vedas books were the first building blocks of Hinduism and it told Hindus how to live. It said also that the world is run by many gods and goddesses.

  25. Buddhism also comes from India Begins as a philosophy in Northern India about 624BC.

  26. Siddhartha Gautama 29 yr old Prince leaves his palace goes into the wilderness to meditate Finds enlightened while sitting under a tree (peace to all things) Becomes known as the Buddha

  27. By this time, India is a series of kingdoms

  28. By 250 BC, the area has been united by the Mauryan

  29. Asoka Credited with the spread of Buddhism • Converted from Brutal warrior to Buddhism • Even outlawed hunting and violent sports • Still remembered as one of the greatest Indian leaders ever.

  30. So, in closing, what happened to the Indus River Valley civilization in 1500 BC? Why did it seem to go away? Or did it? • Could the river have changed course, • Maybe the land was worn out? 3) Or near the end at 1500 BC was there a sudden catastrophe? 38 bodies were found in the ruins that were not buried. So they might have abandoned their city after a natural disaster or from attack from human enemies ??? • Or …About the same time, theAryans from the north of Hindu Kush mountain swept into the valley area.

  31. Today’s Indian physicality is much like how the ancient Aryans were described.

  32. Think about and discuss . . . • What are the physical characteristics of the Indus River Valley? • How did the physical characteristics of place affect the human characteristics that developed? • How did natural barriers affect the development of the region and its geographic patterns?

  33. Review your notes Complete the left-side column Insert headings: ex – geography, religion mark important points ex. Isolated, one/two religions Draw conclusions religious caste system controls social structure

More Related