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cloning. Jurassic Park is a theme park which is populated with ________ dinosaurs. The popularity of this film proves how interested people are in the subject---- _________. cloned. cloning. How much do you know about cloning?. Which one is the first cloned animal? A. B. sheep.

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Cloning

Jurassic Park is a theme park which is

populated with ________ dinosaurs.

The popularity of this film proves how

interested people are in the subject----

_________.

cloned

cloning


Cloning

How much do you

know about cloning?


Cloning

B.

sheep

tadpole

D.

C.

cat

dog


Cloning

2. Which one is the first cloned mammal?

A.

B.

wolf

sheep

D.

C.

pig

monkey



Cloning

Dolly the sheep

Dolly is a m_____ ______clone. She is an exact c____ of the sheep that provided her genetic(遗传的) information.

an-

made

opy


Cloning

4. Which of the following is not

man-made clone?

A.

B.

D.

C.


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They are human twins, who are identical(同样的) in sex and appearance and are good examples of ________clones.

natural


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5. Can you give us a simple definition

of cloning?

Cloning is a way of making an exact

______ of another animal or plant.

The clone has the _____ DNA to

the “parent”.

copy

same


Cloning

Reading

Cloning: Where is it leading us?


Cloning

Task 1: Read the passage in

a few minutes and then decide

whether the following statements

are true or false.


Cloning

1. Cloning is something that has been developed quite recently.

2. Cloning happens in both plants and animals.

3. Cloning animals is as complicated as cloning plants.

4. The lamb is the clone of the sheep C.

5. The successful cloning of Dolly the sheep

encouraged the scientists.

6. Dolly the sheeplived longer than the original sheep.

7. People feared that cloned Hitler would do harm to the world.

8. All the research into human beings will be forbidden.


Cloning

F

T

F


Cloning

4. The lamb is the clone of the sheep C. recently.

5. The successful cloning of Dolly the

sheep encouraged the scientists.

6. Dolly the sheeplived longer than

the original sheep

7. People feared that cloned Hitler

would do harm to the world.

8. All the research into human beings

will be forbidden.

F

T

F

T

F


Cloning

Task 2: Find out the main recently.

idea of each paragraph.


Cloning

The main idea of each paragraph. recently.

  • What is cloning.

  • 2. Cloning has two major uses.

  • 3. The problems of Dolly.

  • 4. The attitudes/reaction to cloning.


Cloning

Task 3: Find out the answers recently.

to the questions in it in groups of

four.


Cloning

recently.What are the encouraging

news and disturbing ones

about Dolly the sheep?

◆How is Dolly the sheep

is produced?


Cloning

recently.Give us two examples

of natural cloning ?

◆ What do you think is the writer’s opinion in the passage? Why do you think so?


Cloning

  • recently.Why is cloning

  • controversial?

  • ◆What are the advantages

  • of cloning?


Cloning

recently.What are the major

two uses of cloning?

◆What are the problems

or dangers of cloning?


Cloning

recently.What are the

encouraging

news and disturbing

ones about Dolly the

sheep?

◆How is Dolly the

sheep is produced?

◆Give us two examples

of natural cloning ?

◆ What do you think is the writer’s opinion in the passage? Why do you think so?

  • ◆Why is cloning

  • controversial?

  • ◆What are the

  • advantages of cloning?

◆What are the major

two uses?

◆What are the problems

or dangers of cloning?


Cloning

recently.What are the encouraging news and

disturbing ones about Dolly the sheep?

The encouraging news is that Dolly the sheep seemed to developed normally and the disturbing news is that Dolly the sheep had illnesses that were more appropriate to a much older animal.


Cloning

recently.How is Dolly the sheep produced?

Dolly the sheep

was born.

an egg cell

remove

the

nucleus

put the embryo

into sheep C

a somatic

cell

join them

using electricity

take out

the nucleus

divide and grow

into an embryo


Cloning

recently.Give us two examples of natural cloning .

1) Gardeners taking cuttings from growing plants to make new ones.

2)Twins identical in sex and appearance are produced from the original egg.


Cloning

What do you think is the writer recently.’s opinion in this passage? Why do you think so?

I think the writer is ____________________

because ______________________________

_____________________________________.

impartial/neutral

he /she does not state any

personal opinion about cloning


Cloning

  • recently.Why is cloning controversial?

  • Because cloning will lead to moral problems.


Cloning

recently.What are the advantages of cloning?

Medical cloning could produce cures for serious

illnesses in humans.

Cloning plants can produce plants of similar quality for sale.

Cloning plants can be useful for research on new plant species.


Cloning

recently.What are the major two uses of cloning?

First, gardeners using cloning to produce commercial quantities of plants.

Second, it is valuable for research on new plants species and for medical research on animals.


Cloning

recently.What are the problems or dangers of cloning?

Animal clones may develop the illnesses of older animals.

Animal clones may die younger than the donor animals.

Evil leaders may want to clone themselves.

Cloning human beings will lead to moral problems.


Cloning

Discussion: What is your opinion recently.

of cloning? Give some reasons.


Cloning

What recently.’s your opinion of cloning? Give reasons.

I approve of cloning, because…

I give my approval to cloning, because…

I declare for cloning, because…

I declare against cloning, because…

I am opposed to cloning, because…

I disapprove of cloning, because…

I express my disapproval of cloning, because…


Cloning

Now, if you are given a chance recently.

to clone anything that you like,

what would you like to clone?

Why?


Cloning

_________(clone) is a way of making an exact copy of recently.

another animal or plant. Gardeners use it all the time to

produce __________(commerce) quantities of plants,

______ scientists think it valuable for research on new

plant species and for medical research on animals

_______ the procedure is difficult ____________

(undertake). However, the ______________(determine)

and patience of scientists ____________(reward) in 1996

with a breakthrough--- the cloning of Dolly the sheep.

The fact ______ Dolly lived six and a half years, half the

length of the life cast down the cloning scientists, who will

wonder _________ cloning will help or harm mankind

when the moral questions _________(raise).

Cloning

commercial

and

though

to undertake

determination

was rewarded

that

whether/if

are raised


Cloning

Language points recently.


Warming up
Warming up recently.

differ

  • Think about how they _______ (be different).

  • differ (vi.): be different; disagree with

  • 常见的搭配有:

  • sb differ from/ with sb on/ about sth

  • 在……问题上与某人意见不同

  • A and B differ in …A与B在……方面不同

  • A differs from BA与B不同


Cloning

differ recently.

from

  • 她的方法跟我的没有很大不同。

  • Her method doesn’t ______ much ______ mine.

  • 现代飞机跟早期的在很多方面有所不同。

  • Modern airplanes _______________ early ones.

  • 对于如何解决问题, 我跟他的意见不一致。

  • I ___________ him _______ how to solve the problem.

  • 关于道德标准, 他们的见解不同。

  • They ____________________________ moral standards.

differ from

on

differ with

differ with each other on


Cloning

from/with recently.

on/about

in

用介词填空。

  • (1) We differ _________ him _________ that question.

  • (2) The two nations differ ______ culture

  • and religion.

  • (3) The climate here differ ___________

  • that of the South.

  • difference (n.)差异, 差别, 分歧, 争论, 差额

  • tell the difference between A and B区分A与B

  • make a/no/some difference (to sb/sth)

  • 对(某人、物)有/没有/有些作用或影响

  • different (adj.) 不同的

  • be different from

from


Cloning

Cloning has always been with us and recently.

__________________(持续下去).

is here to stay

be here to stay: be permanent and generally accepted

(文语)(流行等)扎根,普及,留存下去,被普遍接受

▲ High gas prices could be here to stay.

▲Is bird flu here to stay?

▲ I hope that equality of opportunity for men and women is here to stay.


Cloning

It is a way of making an recently.exact copy of another animal and plant.

克隆是一种用来生产与原型完全相同的动植物的方法。

exact adj.精确的, 准确的, 原样的, 精密的

Nobody present could give the exactfigures of increase in production.

在场的人没有人能说出生产增长的准确数字来。

_______________ of the event has escaped me.

我记不起这起事件的确切日期了。

The exact date

It happened ________ as expected. 果如所料

exactly


Cloning

The train arrived at recently.exactly 8 o'clock.

火车八点整到达。

  • It also happens in animals when twins _________ (the same) in sex and appearance are …

  • identical (adj.):一模一样的, 同一的

  • These two designs ___________________(几乎一样的).

identical

are almost identical

  • My opinion is identical with/to his.

the same as


Cloning

Gardeners use it(=cloning) all the time to produce recently.

_______________________________(大量的商用植物).

▲commercial: adj.商业的

n.(广播,电视的)广告

a commercial artist

a commercial television / Commercial Radio HK

a commercial college

The TV show was interrupted by too many commercials.

那档电视节目插进的商业广告太多了,不断被打断。

commercialquantities of plants

迎合大众的艺术家

商业电视台 / 香港商业电台

商学院


Cloning

Cloning plants is ______________(easy, simple) recently.while cloning animals is more complicated.

straightforward

complicated

straightforwardadj.简单的, 易懂的,坦诚的, 坦率的

honest and straightforward

straightforward and outspoken

simple and straightforwardwriting

At least he was quite straightforward about it, you can’t say he was trying to deceive you.

他起码在那件事上是相当坦率的,你不能说他试图欺骗你。

憨直

心直口快

文笔简朴


Cloning

It is a difficult task to recently.undertake.

undertake (v.)

--- to make yourself responsible for sth and start

doing sth 承担,从事,负责

(undertook, undertaken)

He undertook the difficult task willingly.

他欣然承担那项困难的工作。

undertake a new experiment

着手新的实验

1) The lawyer___________________.

那个律师接了一个新的案子。

3) He ________________________.

(承担一项新任务)

undertook a new case

undertook a new task


Cloning

We recently.undertakethat we will do what we can to contribute to the renewal of our world.

(=promise)

我们承诺我们将尽我们所能去更新我们的世界。

The determination and patience of the scientists

paid off in 1996 with a breakthrough----the

cloning of Dolly the sheep.

pay off: to be successful and bring good results

成功,奏效,达到目的

约翰在考试前努力学习, 这没有白费(得到回报), 他得了个A。

John studied hard before the examination, and, __________. He made an A.

it paid off


Cloning

pay sth off : recently.付清,偿清

我付清了银行贷款了。

I paid off my loan from the bank.

How much did you __________ the book?

(付款)

It’s time he ______ me ______ the $100 he owes

me.(偿还)

Perhaps I shall ________________ England this

winter.(访问)

You should ________________ your health.

(注意)

pay for

paid

back

pay a visit to

pay attention to


Cloning

breakthrough(n.) recently.: an important development

that may lead to an agreement or achievement

重大进展,突破

a significant breakthrough in negotiations

谈判中的重大突破

取得突破性进展

__________ a breakthrough

achieve

Scientists think they are beginning to ____________

in the fight against cancer.

科学家们认为他们在对抗癌症的研究中开始有突破。

break through


Cloning

The recently.procedure works like this.

▲procedure: n.(法律上的)手续;(办事的)程序,方法

follow the regular procedure

break the normal procedure

按一般手续办理

打破常规

办一所新校的正常手续是什么?

What is _________________ for setting up

a new school?

the usual procedure


Cloning

  • Then recently. came the disturbing news that Dolly had become seriously ill.

  • 表示方位、时间、或方式的副词或介词短语

  • then, now, here, there, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall等,置于句首时,句子倒装。

  • The children rushed out.

  • Out ______ ______ _________.

  • The teacher came in.

  • In ________________________.

rushed the children

came the teacher


Cloning

  • disturb vt. recently.打扰;干扰,防碍;使不安,使焦虑

  • disturbed adj. 心神不安的;心烦意乱的;坎坷的;

  • disturbing adj. 令人不安的 / 烦扰的;引起恐慌的

  • 用disturb, disturbing, disturbed填空。

  • (1) People all over the country are deeply__________by the news that so many people die in the terrible earthquake in Ya’an.

  • (2) Don’t _________ the papers on my desk.

  • (3) This country is in a ____________ state.

  • (4) What ____________ news it is!

  • (5) If you get up early , try not to _________ everyone else.

  • (6) The killer had a _________ family background.

disturbed

disturb

disturbing

disturbing

disturb

disturbed


Cloning

were cast down recently.

  • Cloning scientists ________________ (feeldiscouraged) to find that Dolly’s illness were more appropriate to a much older animal.

  • be cast down = feel discouraged

  • He was much cast down by the failure of the experiment.

  • Don’t be so cast down. Just keep up your spirits.

他因实验失败,情绪很低落。


Cloning

  • (1) recently.听到这个消息他很沮丧。

  • ___________________________________

  • (2) 发现事情的真相使他很沮丧。

  • _____________________________________

He was cast down to hear the news.

Finding out the truth made him cast down.


Cloning

  • 2) recently.be appropriate to: be suitable for a particular person, condition, occasion or place; fitting适合于…的,与…相称的

  • 用与你的题目相称的体裁写。

  • Write in a style _________________ your subject.

  • 普通鞋不适于下稻田。

  • Ordinary shoes _______________________ paddy fields.

appropriate to

are not appropriate to


Cloning

  • Altogether recently.Dolly lived for six years, …

  • altogether adv.

  • ①全部,总共

  • Altogether the centre lost more than 1,000 trees in the hurricane.

  • How much will it be altogether?

  • ②总而言之

  • Altogether, our achievements are great.

  • ③完全地(completely)

  • He’s not altogether sure what to do.


Cloning

  • all together recently.与altogether

  • ①作“总共”解时,它们可以互换使用。

  • There were altogether/ all together 40 students in the class.

  • ②all together作 “一道,一起” 解时,不能用altogether替换。

  • They came all together.

  • ③altogether意为“完全地,彻底地,总计,总而言之”,不可与all together互换,用于否定句时是部分否定。

  • I don’t altogether agree with you.


Cloning

  • On the other hand , Dolly recently.’s appearance_____________ _____________(引起一阵强烈的反对)and ____________ ___________(产生巨大影响) the media and public imagination.

raised a storm

of objections

had a great

impact on

raise: =bring about 引起

◎Religious leaders raisemoral questions.

宗教领袖提出了道德问题。

◎Dolly’s death, like her birth, was bound toraise worries. (Page 14)

多莉之死,正如她的出生,注定要给人们带来担忧。

◎His long absence raised fears about his safety.

由于他久未露面,令人担心他是否平安无事。

◎有人要提问题吗?

Does anyone have any questions to raise?


Cloning

a storm of recently.: sudden violent outburst or display of strong feeling常指感情猛烈爆发或强烈表现

  • a storm of tears

  • 泪如雨下

  • a storm of applause /criticism

  • 暴风雨般的掌声/暴风雨般/评击

  • storm in a teacup

  • 小题大作,茶杯里的暴风雨


Cloning

getting recently.

  • objection n.反对,异议, 缺陷, 妨碍, 拒绝之理由

  • I feel a strong objection to ________(get) up early.

  • Have you any objection to my _______ (open) the window?

  • Some people strongly object to _________________(develop) private cars.

  • 我反对这个计划。

  • I _________ ________ ________ _________.

  • 我拒绝被那样子对待。

  • I object to _______ ________ like that.

opening

developing

object to the plan

being treated


Cloning

impact (n.) [C,usually sing./U] recently.

--- the powerful effect that sth has on sb/sth

巨大影响,强大作用

  • have /make a strong/ great impact on…对…有/产生巨大影响

  • 这本书对其读者产生了极大的影响。

  • This book made a great impact on its readers.

  • 这场反对吸烟的运动对年轻人有极大的影响.

  • The anti-smoking campaign has a great impact on young people.


Cloning

It suddenly recently.opened everybody’s eyes to the

possibility of…

open one’s eyes使开眼界,使认识

批评能使我们认清自己所犯的错误。

Criticisms can ___________________________.

open our eyes to our mistakes


Cloning

Many governments recently. forbaderesearch into human cloning.

forbid: vt. 禁止,不准,不许

(-bade 或 -bad;-bidden;-bidding)

◇ forbid+ (doing) sth

e.g. The law forbids the sale of cigarettes to people under the age of 16.

◇ forbid sb’s doing…; forbid sb to do…

e.g. My father forbade/forbad me to watch TV.

(=My father forbade/forbad my watching TV.)

◇ forbid sb sth

e.g. His parents forbid him wine.他的父母不准他喝酒。


Cloning

forbids the students to smoke recently.

is forbidden to enter the room

(1) The school _________________________ (禁止学生吸烟).

  • (2) He _______________________ (被禁止进入这个房间).

forbidden (adj.): not allowed

博物馆内严禁摄影。

Photography _____________________ in the

museum.

is strictly forbidden


Cloning

  • Some countries such as China and the UK continued to recently.accumulateevidence of the abundant medical aid that cloning could provide.

  • 1) accumulate vt. /vi. : to gradually get more and more of sth over a period of time积聚/累,

  • 强调“经过一段比较长的时间由少积多的积累”,The company has accumulated great wealth within a few years.


Cloning

  • The purpose of education is not just recently.

  • ________________________.

  • 教育的目的不仅仅是积累知识。

  • Dust accumulated(vi.) on the desk.

    桌上积满了灰尘。

  • 即时练习:完成下列句子

  • (1) He quickly ___________ _____ _________ (积蓄了一大笔财富).

  • (2) Clouds began to __________ ___ ___ ___ (在天空中聚集).

to accumulate knowledge

accumulated a large fortune

accumulate in the sky


Cloning

accumulation (n.) recently.

the accumulation of wealth

财富的积累