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Indicators of Deprivation in Rugby Borough. The Research Unit Warwickshire County Council 01926 412775 research@warwickshire.gov.uk www.warwickshire.gov.uk/deprivation. What is Poverty? Who does it affect?. Almost one in five people are classed as living in poverty

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indicators of deprivation in rugby borough

Indicators of Deprivationin Rugby Borough

The Research UnitWarwickshire County Council

01926 412775

research@warwickshire.gov.uk

www.warwickshire.gov.uk/deprivation

slide2

What is Poverty? Who does it affect?

  • Almost one in five people are classed as living in poverty
  • Poverty doesn’t just affect pensioners and lone parents. The makeup of poverty has changed to include more and more families with children and also households with single working age people.
  • Pensioners – many are asset rich (valuable houses with no mortgage) but income poor
  • A lack of opportunity is often used to define poverty in modern society.
  • Services, not necessarily possessions are big expenses for families today. Possible to have a new mobile phone or MP3 player but not to afford to send a child on a school trip.
slide3

Indicators of Poverty in Modern Society

  • No high street bank account - reliance on expensive high street cheque cashing services, expensive pre-payment gas and electricity and doorstep lenders
  • Spending more than 10% of annual income on fuel - reliance on pre-payment meters equates to an extra £63 per year, compared to customers paying by direct debit
  • Poor access to transport, employment opportunities and healthy, affordable food - a reliance on the local area may not provide suitable job opportunities or the opportunity to buy fresh,healthy food at an affordable price - obesity and type 2 diabetes are modern indicators of poverty.
slide4
Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004
  • The IMD 2004 is a ‘Super Output Area’ level measure of multiple deprivation

IMD 2004 consists of seven distinct domains:

  • Income Deprivation (with sub domains income deprivation affecting children and older persons)
  • Employment Deprivation
  • Health Deprivation & Disability
  • Education, Skills & Training Deprivation
  • Barriers to Housing & Services
  • Crime & Disorder
  • Living Environment
super output areas
Super Output Areas
  • Super Output Areas (SOAs) are replacing electoral wards as the primary means of dissemination of small area Government (and other) statistics.
  • Three types of SOA – lower, middle and upper layer
  • Each lower layer SOA contains about 1500 people.
  • There are 333 in Warwickshire (cp. 105 wards)
key findings overall imd 2004
Key Findings – Overall IMD 2004
  • 37 Warwickshire SOAs feature in most deprived 30% nationally. There are 2 Warwickshire SOAs within the most 10% deprived in England – in Bar Pool and Camp Hill wards.
  • 26 of the 37 Warwickshire SOAs within the most deprived 30% nationally are in Nuneaton & Bedworth.
  • 5 are in Warwick, 4 in Rugby and 2 in North Warwickshire.
  • The 4 Rugby SOAs are within Brownsover South (worst 20%), Newbold (town centre), northern Overslade & Newbold-on-Avon.
slide13

% of employed 16-74 year olds who travel to work by car

Low proportion of people in urban Rugby wards travel to work by car – high dependency on public transport?

slide15

Health Deprivation & Disability – Rugby ContextIdentifies areas with relatively high rates of people who die prematurely or whose quality of life is impaired by poor health or who are disabled, across the whole population.

slide16

Access to Services Deprivation Rugby Context

  • Similar patterns emerge when looking at the different domains
slide17

Access to Fruit & Veg: By Bus

Access to fresh fruit and veg in urban Rugby is good – but it may not be affordable or very fresh if access is dependent on small, local outlets

slide18

- Rate of fuel poverty in Rugby is 19% - one in five households in the district live in fuel poverty.

- The three highest scoring wards in Rugby fall within the ‘worst’ 10% of wards in Warwickshire. Over a quarter of households (almost 3 out of 10 in Benn’s case) in these wards live in fuel poverty.

NB – Based on 1991 ward boundaries

slide19

Child Poverty

- 1 in 4 children in the UK live in poverty

- A third of those children living in poverty go without meals, toys and clothes that they need – affects social, educational and physical development

- Children often stay in poverty into adulthood – research shows that most people tend to stay within the same income distribution as their parents.

- Good quality childcare is crucial in the fight against poverty. Enabling parents to earn an income to get out of poverty gives children a better start in life.

slide20

Children Living with Lone Parent (numbers)

Top Ten Wards

Camp Hill 720

Brunswick 584

Wem Brook 523

Crown 477

Warwick West 459

Bar Pool 441

Brownsover South 438

Kingswood 431

Attleborough 422

Heath 411

slide21

Children in Households with No Adult in Employment (numbers)

Top Ten Wards

Camp Hill 634

Wem Brook 457

Brunswick 405

Kingswood 353

Crown 344

Brownsover South 341

Bar Pool 338

Warwick West 302

Attleborough 301

Newbold 293

slide22

Household Income

  • CACI PayCheck data 2004
  • Average income in Warwickshire in 2004 = £32,000

Source CACI Paycheck Data 2004

slide23

Low Income Households

Source CACI Paycheck Data 2004

£10,000 = £192 Per week

£5,000 = £96 per week

slide26

Household Expenditure

  • The average UK household spends £434 per week
  • Households comprising of two adults and two children spend an average of £624 per week
  • Lowest weekly spend is from households comprising of a lone pensioner, dependent on the state, £133 per week
slide27

Happiness in Warwickshire

Warwickshire wards – (quartiles), lighter colours indicate wards where respondents reported higher rates of happiness

summary
Summary
  • Different types of poverty
  • Different geographical areas
  • Different groups of people
  • Brownsover, Overslade, Benn, Newbold, & New Bilton appear in a number of measures of deprivation
  • Need for better and on-going understanding of the nature of poverty in the Borough so that we tackle it in the most effective and co-ordinated way
slide29

Further Information

  • Research Unit
  • PT&ES Department
  • Warwickshire County Council
  • 01926 412775
  • research@warwickshire.gov.uk

"http://www.warwickshire.gov.uk/research