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REPORT OUTS. What: Best Practices Advisory Circular Creation of a Best Practices Advisory Circular to address specific areas of flight instructor performance. (100%). Why: To raise the standard of performance of flight instructors. Who: Drafted by industry and completed through a

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What: Best Practices Advisory Circular

Creation of a Best Practices Advisory Circular to address

specific areas of flight instructor performance. (100%)

Why: To raise the standard of performance

of flight instructors.

Who: Drafted by industry and completed through a

collaborative effort of industry and FAA

When: One Year



What: Incentive Programs

Incentivize pilots and flight instructors through various programs such as WINGS to undertake additional training, seek greater knowledge, and implement best practices with industry recognition of status. (100%)

Why: Raises the safety, mastery, and performance

standards for pilots. Attempts to reach the pilots who

generally do not participate in safety education.

Who: Industry and FAA

When: One year



What: Certificate Specific Flight Reviews

Flight reviews would be certificate specific. Requires

an appropriate interpretation of 61.56. (100%)

Why: Ensure that best practices and certificate standards

are evaluated as a basis for exercising airman privileges

Who: Industry and FAA

When: One year



What: Student Training Discontinuance

Provide a pre-training evaluation process and written advice to flight instructors on terminating flight students from undertaking flight instruction. (100%)

Why: Existing training philosophy attempts to promote

concepts that learning to fly is just a matter of time and

effort. Guidance will provide Instructors with tools to

terminate students who are unable to develop skills

in order exercise airmen privileges.

Who: Industry and FAA

When: One year



What: Gather Additional Statistics

FAA and insurance metrics for stakeholder analysis and dissemination. Identify the top 10 contributing and causal factors in aircraft accidents. Incentivize insurance companies to share de-identified statistics. (100%)

Why: Allow for predictive and preventative safety programs.

Who: Industry and FAA

When: One Year



What: Develop the delivery system for the

Presentation that communicates the value of the

GA experience through a GA Ambassador program that

could be used by state aeronautics departments,

FAASTeams, Flight Schools, etc.

Why: We are not communicating the value of the

GA experience.


When: Start discussion immediately, with actual work

beginning in January, 2012. Target for completion

September 2012.



What: Create a repository of customer service

training & resource materials for use by flight training

providers that can be used during first contact and

follow up with potential customers. Follow on action

would include training to help providers use sales and

customer service tools more effectively.

Why: Common poor experience by customers

seeking flight training.

Who: Flight School Association of North America,

SAFE, NAFI, Cessna

When: Contact form within 60 days, balance by end

of 1st quarter of 2012



What: Request CFI course content providers to develop

training modules that help CFIs develop professional

customer service skills including ways to make training

more interesting, fun and aimed at improving customer

retention. Such content should be included in CFI initial

and Flight Instructor Refresher Training.

Why: Because customer retention is extremely poor.

Who: Industry Course Providers supported SAFE, NAFI

When: Within 12 months



What: Promote, support and encourage the use of

mentoring programs for both training providers

as well as students

Why: To improve pilot retention by providing a better

sense of community and a better training experience


When: Within 18 months



What: Approach growing the pilot population

holistically by focusing on improvements in

each phase of the pilot life cycle

Why: Address the decline in pilot population.

A structured approach is needed to improve the

business of flight training and thereby grow

general aviation.


When: 12 months




      • キRefocus aviation education to be learner-centric.
      • キCommit student and instructor to expect excellence and life-long learning.
      • キEmpower (and embrace) active student participation in the educator-student relationship.
      • キDemand professionalism (from the educator); and aspire to professionalism (by the student)
      • キPromote a day-one safety culture advancing active risk awareness and management.
      • キIntegrate into the entire flight training regime (manuals, FAA guidance)
  • Why:
      • キTo create a foundation for success (safety/satisfaction/(personal and professional growth)
  • Who:
      • キFlight training industry, including publications and the FAA
  • When:
      • キPrioritize development of a student pilot guide by mid-2012
      • キ2012-2013: integrate into all FAA guidance (with a focus on the Flight Instructors Manual)
      • キSocialize these precepts via the flight training industry



What:Establish a formal and permanent process for government and industry Subject Matter Experts (SME) to develop recommendations for updating guidance and testing doctrine (that is, regulations, advisory circulars, handbooks, practical test standards, and knowledge tests). This should include effectively update guidance to CFIs, DPEs, and ASIs.

Why:Currently, there is no deliberate and interactive process for systematically updating guidance and testing doctrine. The process is closed, scattered and ad hoc. Currently, the structure of the knowledge test drives "teaching of the test" because many questions are not relevant, they are unnecessary and frustrating to the learner, and provide a poor first impression/contact with the FAA.

Currently, the guidance and testing doctrine is scattered and in various formats.

Who:Establish a joint group between FAA (AFS 800/600) and the interested stakeholders from the broad industry, the CFI community, and the DPE/ASI.

Let industry propose questions and review the existing questions for relevance.

AFS 600/800 update current guidance and testing material.

When:Establish joint FAA – Industry group within 6 to 12 months.

Complete review of PTS by Sept 2011

Complete review of the Private and CFI knowledge tests by Q1, 2012 which would be followed by the other knowledge tests.

Update the FAA's website by Sept 30, 2011.



What:Improve CFI doctrine by adding Risk Management instruction techniques to the CFI Handbook and industry groups to establish Best Practices programs to increase Risk Management awareness.

Why:Despite numerous risk tools in current publications, emphasis on the how to specifically instruct is not focused at the CFI level.

Who:JSC/Industry representatives, i.e., SAFE/NAFI

When:Incorporate into the next scheduled revision of the Handbook within 18 months (end of CY 2012).




Simplify FITS

Why: FITS needs to be changed to address safety, eliminate confusion, and minimize resistance.

Who: AFS 800 should establish a joint working group.

When: Mar 31, 2012



What: Review the CFI renewal process for alternative FIRC methods to incorporate processes for active and inactive CFIs.

Why: Current renewal process may not adequately address the different activity levels for industry wide CFI specialties.

Who: JSC/Industry Committees, ie, SAFE/NAFI

When: Dec 31, 2012



What: Create a knowledge standard

Why: Create a plan to generate a baseline standard

that allows for the creation of a knowledge tests

both oral and written. Use the baseline standard

to correlate training and testing

Who: FAA600/800govt lead/Industry committee

Maybe a lead organization with involvement of

industry groups and academia.

Consider the ASTM model

When: Form the committee within one month.



What: Create a PTS Change Committee to improve

the communication to AFS-600 – a continuous loop.

Why: Must align PTS with current industry standards

(scenario-based and not just a series of maneuvers).

Who: AFS 800/600/industry.

When: ASAP



What: Re-evaluate the use of and guidance for

simulation in flight training and testing.

Include ATDs, AATDs and FTDs. New simulation to be

used more for training credit and checking and testing.

Why: As it stands guidance is inconsistent and

hard to utilize in the current environment.

Who: AFS-800

When: ASAP



What: Develop a document that provides guidance

on how to conduct a flight evaluation.

Why: There are currently no standards and therefore

a lack of realistic check rides. This document will

encourage the use of scenario based training

and simulation.

Who: Industry coalition

When: Within 90 days



What: Improve currency of on-going independent

instructors. Will have to be done by regulation.

Why: Today instructors are never re-evaluated.

Many instructors are not current on policies or

procedures. No consistent quality control exists for

the independent instructor.

Who: Industry recommendation to FAA.

Create industry committee – SAFE, etc. Should do

additional research on how to accomplish this.

When: Needs to be done ASAP



What: Use scenario-based training for improved risk management for students

Why: To make risk management a habit.

Who: FAA standards and publications, NAFI, SAFE, Master Instructors, Air Safety Institute.

When: Six months



What: Provide instructor training on risk management.

Why: Starts with instructors and to make risk management a habit.

Who:FAA standards and publications, NAFI, SAFE, Master Instructors, Air Safety Institute.

When: Six months



What: Emphasize load factor and angle of attack (AOA) training.

Why: Accidents don’t happen in straight and level flight.

Who: Air Safety Institute, courseware providers, NAFI, SAFE.

When: As soon as possible.



What: Implement continuing professional education (CPE) for flight instructors.

Why: Instructors lead by example. If students see instructors doing continuing education they will as well.

Who: SAFE, NAFI, course providers, Pilots Workshops, Aircraft manufacturers (CSIPs, CPC, etc.).

When: A year



What: Create guidance for the use of simulation and provide credit for use of simulators

Why: Better teaching tool, test to a higher level of learning, aid retention, pause & discuss

Who: Simulator manufacturers, FAA, curriculum providers, organizations (SAFE, NAFI, AOPA) University programs




Establish a Nationwide CFI Special Emphasis Program which features high value training areas and best practices. This program would be similar to the program currently in use by the North Florida FSDO which was established to directly address the high failure rate of Initial CFI Candidates. This program would consist of one or several seminar periods across a timeframe taught by industry subject matter experts, DPEs, Master Instructors, or instructors recognized as having exceptional knowledge or techniques in this area. This program could earn the candidate credit toward their renewal.


Why: Increase the quality control to improve professionalism and decrease accidents

Who: AFS 800 and industry consortium

When: Initial response and development of action plan within 90 days



What: Establish a mentoring program for instructors that centralizes and publishes names of instructors who hold nationwide or Master Instructor designations or who specialize in certain aeronautical skills in geographic or regional areas. This program will feature a special database which could offer guidance to any and all instructors or students of who holds these designations within a community. It could also feature a special designation similar to the FAAST program but have a name like CFI Mentoring Team (CMT)

Why: Supports all flight instructors and allows recognizes professional within the instructional community and enhances the professional development of the instructional community.

Who: AFS 800 and industry consortium

When: Initial response and development of action plan within 90 days



What: 61.56 – Improve or better propagate the guidance for conducting effective flight reviews by using existing documentation such as the “Guide to conduct an effective Flight Review”

    •  Incorporate into initial CFI training
    • Come up with top 10 picks for new CFIs to study
    • Incorporate a plan of action and how to do it

Why: The Flight Review offers us the most significant opportunity to affect the existing instructor population by the incorporation of scenarios and other high value practices of FITS.

Who: AFS 800 and industry consortium

When: Initial response and development of action plan within 90 days



What: (Gatekeeping) Incorporate FIRC authority for DPEs to be able to spend an X hour period with a flight instructor renewal candidate on a one-on-one basis to cover topics of special value to instructional professionalism. This would be treated like a FIRC but would be conducted similar to a ground oriented mentoring session between the CFI and the DPE.

Why: Allows DPE to become a coach or a mentor to the flight instructor

Who: AFS 800

When: Initial response and development of action plan within 90 days



What: Incorporate new guidance and PTS revisions which require Initial CFI candidates to develop a Plan of Action and demonstrate the use of a syllabus during the practical examination. The industry should support this requirement by providing standardized curriculum templates that instructors (CFR 61 as well as 141) instructors can use to develop specialized versions in response to the Examiners specific requirement.

Why: This requirement addresses a specific problem within the industry of instructors teaching using the seat of their pants without the use of a syllabus or Plan of Action

Who: AFS 600, AFS 800

When: Initial response and development of action plan within 90 days