CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 Dr. C. CHANDRAMOULIREGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS26TH APRIL 2013 RELEASE OF DATA PRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT
Background • This is the first set of data released from the Population Enumeration exercise held in February 2011 • So far the data released from Census 2011 pertained to Houselisting and Housing Census covering • All Households • SC & ST Households • Female Headed Households • Slum Households
Background • On 31st March 2011, just after 25 days of completion of the Population Enumeration phase, PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS of the Country, State & other levels administration level released • Today the FINAL POPULATION TOTALS are released along with information on few other characteristics • This has been possible as the first stage of data capture and data processing have been completed in record time.
Background • Stages of work involved: • 340 million Schedules in 16 languages • Return collection of filled-in Census Schedules • Inventory management • Scanning • Data Recognition using Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) technology • Data Processing • Generation of Tables
Data Release – List of Indicators • Number of Households • Population* • Population (0-6)* • Number of Literates* • Scheduled Castes Population • Scheduled Tribes Population • Number of Workers (Total, Main, Marginal) • Category of Workers (Cultivators, Agricultural Labourers, Household Industry Workers, Other Workers) * - Provisional data released earlier By Sex & Residence
Data Highlights Census of India 2011
Number of Households – India 2011 • In India there are 24.95 crore (2,495 million) households as per Census 2011 • The number has increased by 5.58 crore over the last Census held in 2001 • Largest number of households are in Uttar Pradesh (3.34 crore). • There are 10 States where more than one crore households have been returned.
Population – India 2011 • Final Total Population of the country is 1,210,569,573 (or 1.21 billion) • Provisional Population Total:1,210,193,422 • There is a marginal increase of 376,151 persons in the country’s population in the Final Population compared to Provisional Population.
Population – Rural - Urban India: 2011 (In millions)
Population – Rural Urban Distribution India : 2011 • 833 million persons live in Rural areas, which is more than two-third of the total population • Rural – Urban distribution : 68.8% & 31.2% • Level of Urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to 31.2% in 2011. • The proportion of Rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.8%
Urbanization – India : 2011 • Among the States/UTs in India the level of Urbanization (proportion of urban population to total population) in Census 2001 is highest in NCT Delhi (97.5%) • Top five most urbanized States (excl UTs): • Goa 62.17% • Mizoram 52.11% • Tamil Nadu 48.40% • Kerala 47.70% • Maharashtra 45.22%
Growth in Population – India 2001, 2011 • Decadal Growth in Population: • Population of India grew by 17.7% during 2001-11 • In the previous decade the growth rate was 22.7% • Thus, there has been a substantial decline in the growth of population of India • Among the major States, highest decadal growth in population has been recorded in Bihar (25.4%) • 14 States/UTs have recorded population growth above 20%.
Growth in Population – India 2001, 2011 • Growth in Population: • There has been an increase of 181.96 million persons in the absolute number of population in India during 2001-11 • Increase among males: 90.97 million • Increase among females: 90.99 million • Growth Rate in population among females (18.3%) is higher than among males (17.7%) during the last decade.
Growth in Population (in Absolute Number) – States 2001, 2011 • In 20 States/UTs growth in female population during 2001-11 exceeds growth in male population in absolute terms • Top 5 among these States are: Andhra Pradesh (541,304), Kerala (447,091), West Bengal (413,834), Tamil Nadu (267,219), Assam (225,236) • This could be due to better enumeration of females in Census 2011 and improvement in preventing female mortality • On the other hand, Bihar, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra showed significant higher growth among males than females.
Child Population - 2011 • The total number of children in India in the age-group 0-6 years, as per the final population totals of Census 2011, is 16.45 crore, about 6.6 lakh less than the number recorded in 2001 • Though there is increase in Male Child (0-6) population, population of Female Child (0-6) has actually decreased marginally between 2001 & 2011 • Twenty States and Union Territories now have over ten lakh children in the age group 0-6 years each. • In ten States/UTs the number of children in the age-group 0-6 years are between 1 to 9 lakh.
Sex Composition – 2011, 2001 India (In millions)
Sex Composition of Child Population(0-6) – India 2011 • The total number of children in India in the age-group 0-6 years, as per the final population totals of Census 2011, is 16.45 crore, about 6.6 lakh less than the number recorded in 2001 • Though there is increase in Male Child (0-6) population, population of Female Child (0-6) has actually decreased marginally between 2001 & 2011 • Twenty States and Union Territories now have over ten lakh children in the age group 0-6 years each. • In ten States/UTs the number of children in the age-group 0-6 years are between 1 to 9 lakh.
Sex Ratio of PopulationIndia : 2001, 2011 • Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in a population. • It is an important indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equity between males and females at a given point of time.
States Ranked by Sex Ratio - 2011 * Sex Ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males
Child Sex Ratio (0-6)India : 2001, 2011 • The sex ratio in the age group 0-6 attempts to bring out the recent changes in our society in its attitude and outlook towards the girl child. • It provides a broad indicator reflecting ground realities as they exist in the society and more importantly is an indicator of the likely future trends of sex ratio of the population.
States Ranked by Child Sex Ratio (0-6) - 2011 * Child Sex Ratio (0-6) is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the age group 0-6 years.
Number of LiteratesIndia : 2001, 2011 • A person is considered literate if he or she can read and write, with understanding, in any language. • Literacy rate: The total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding. Here the denominator is the population aged seven years or more. (in crore)
Literacy Rate by Sex- 2011 • The Literacy Rate of the population of the country has increased by 8.2 percentage points from 64.8% to 73.0% over 2001-11 • The largest increase in Literacy Rate has been recorded in • Dadra & Nagar Haveli by 18.6 points (from 57.6% to 76.2%) • Bihar by 14.8 points (from 47.0% to 61.8%) • Tripura by 14.0 points (from 73.2% to 87.2%) • Highest increase in Female Literacy Rate has been reported from Dadra & Nagar Haveli (by 14.0 points) • Nagaland and Bihar also recorded high increase in Female Literacy Rate in Census 2011 compared to 2001.
SCs/STs in India • Scheduled Castes are notified in 32 States/UTs of India and Scheduled Tribes in 30 States • There are altogether 99999 individual ethnic groups or parts thereof notified as Scheduled Castes in different States/UTs • Number of individual ethnic groups or parts thereof notified as Scheduled Tribes is 99999 • There has been some changes in the List of SCs/STs in States/ Uts.