Chapter 11 Notes. National and Regional Growth. On a clean sliced of paper. TITLE : Chapter 11 Notes Subtitle : Early Industry and Inventions Chart Then copy & complete the following chart. Chapter 11 NOTES paper. Subtitle : Effects of the Cotton Gin
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National and Regional Growth
Cotton plantations moved west from the Atlantic coast into Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
Planters grew cotton instead of other crops.
Slavery remained important as a labor source, and slaves were sold south and west to new cotton plantations.
More Native Americans were driven off Southern
one-third of South’s population;
half worked on large plantations; worked under cruel, backbreaking
conditions on plantations;
some worked in cities as domestic servants, skilled craftsmen, factory hands, and day laborers;
city slaves had more freedom and
sometimes kept part of their earnings
8 percent of the South’s black population;
many lived in cities;
some states barred them or did not allow them to vote or be educated;
refused to hire them;
faced the threat of being captured
and sold into slavery
one-third of the South’s White
Population owned slaves;
most had fewer than 20 slaves;
slaveholders were few in number but were wealthiest
and most powerful
were majority of white Southerners (2/3);
still supported slavery;
worked small farms;
hoped to buy slaves
protective tariffs encouraged Americans to buy U.S. products instead of European products; national bank with a single currency made trade within the country easier; improved transportation systems reduced costs and strengthened the economy
made it easier to travel between cities; increased western settlement and trade; brought the upper Ohio Valley and Great Lakes regions together; helped New York become the nation’s largest city
strengthened the federal government by ruling that states could not interfere with federal laws and by stating that only the federal government could regulate interstate commerce
agreement with Britain gave the United States new northern territory; agreement with Spain gave Florida to the United States and extended U.S. border to the Pacific Ocean
wanted to ban slavery in Missouri; wanted to
ensure that slave states would NOT outnumber free states
wanted to allow slavery in Missouri; wanted to
ensure that Congress could NOT ban slavery
Missouri was admitted as a slave state, which satisfied the South; Maine was admitted as a free state, which kept the balance of power and satisfied the North; a line was drawn that would allow future free states above it and future slave states below it, which also preserved the balance of power.
Terms & Names
1. f 3. c 5. a
2. D 4. e
3. Industrial Revolution
4. American System
5. interchangeable parts
1. New England had many rivers to provide water power, ships and access to the ocean, and workers who could not make a living through farming.
2. New farming equipment helped Midwestern farmers feed Northeastern factory workers. Midwestern farmers became a market for the goods manufactured in the Northeast. The textile mills of the Northeast increased the need for Southern cotton.
3. They disobeyed rules, ran away, and rebelled against slavery.
4. Several Supreme Court decisions strengthened the powers of the national government.
5. It was a warning to European countries not to set up any more colonies in the Americas.
1. The Northern economy was based on manufacturing while the Southern economy depended on farming. The North did not depend on slavery for its labor while the cotton plantations of the South did. These economic differences caused political problems in regard to slavery and the spread of slavery to newly-formed states.
2. Answers will vary, but students should support their opinion with reasons. Some students might indicate that the Missouri Compromise was a good decision because it stopped potential trouble. Other students might indicate that the Missouri Compromise did not solve any problems, but merely postponed them.
X / 20 pts (25 possible)- 4 pts if out of order! (-2 pts per item)
/20 Chapter 11 Notes
X / 18 pts (23 possible)- 10 pts if out of order! (-2 pts per item)