The Puritan (or Colonial) Period (page 134) The time period most often associated with Puritan (or Colonial) literature is about 1607-1776. This is about from the founding of Jamestown all the way until the American Revolution. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/95/Washington_Crossing_the_Delaware_by_Emanuel_Leutze,_MMA-NYC,_1851.jpg/300px-Washington_Crossing_the_Delaware_by_Emanuel_Leutze,_MMA-NYC,_1851.jpg http://www.mce.k12tn.net/colonial_america/jamestown.jpg
The Puritan People Puritans are often stereotyped as black-clad self-righteous moralists. Usually, calling a person a Puritan is not a compliment. However, this Negative Image is mostly brought about by the sterotypes of the 16th Century Puritans. This Negative Image is actually Largely Untrue. http://cteawiki.wikispaces.com/file/view/puritans12.png/92499160/puritans12.png
The Truth about the Puritans • They valued Hard Work and Self-Sacrifice. • They viewed Wealth as a reward for a virtuous life. • They valued family life, community, service, art, and literature. • They were the first in the colonies to establish printing press, free public grammar schools, and a college (Harvard). http://www.harvard.edu/
In Regards to their Religion… • Puritans were Arrogant in their religious faith. • They were completely intolerant of viewpoints (and religions) and were different from their own. • They focused on Other Christians in an effort to root out the Devil • Harshly punished others for their beliefs (including with execution). http://0.tqn.com/w/experts/U-S-History-672/2009/09/PURITAN-WHIPPING.jpg
Key Beliefs of the Puritans • Human beings are inherently evil and so must struggle to overcome their sinful nature. • Personal salvation depends solely on the grace of God, not on individual effort. (Predestination) http://peacewanderer.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/baloo-predestination.jpg
Key Beliefs of the Puritans (cont) • The Bible is the supreme authority on earth. • Bible governs moral/spiritual life • Bible also governs church and society as a whole • Result= Churches more democratic (congregation-centered) • Result= Repressive political system &intolerant of others.
Poems of Anne Bradstreet http://www.poetsgraves.co.uk/images/anne_bradstreet.jpg http://www.poets.org/images/media/155_AnneBradstreet.JPG http://www.poemofquotes.com/annebradstreet/anne-bradstreet.jpg
Anne Bradstreet • Anne Bradstreet wrote Puritan Poetry. • She lived from 1612 until 1672 and she was the first notable American Poet in the colonies. • She was born in England, married in 1628, and by 1630 she was sailing to Massachusetts Bay with her Husband. • Despite her domestic (she had 8 kids) and religious responsibilities she managed to fund time to write some Puritan Poetry. mainstreetmallonline.com
Anne Bradstreet (cont) • Most poetry in the 17th century New England was mostly devotional in nature. • Bradstreet’s poems were unusual due to the personal subject matter of them. • They focused on the realities of life. • They also viewed life in spiritual (Puritan) context. • This is because she never planned for these poems to be published! Her brother-in-law published them without her knowing. http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/eascfa/dinner_party/wiki/images/631.130.jpg
Some terms you need to know (pg 138) • Meter: 1) the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry. • each unit is known as a foot. Each foot has 1 stressed syllable (̒) & 1 (or 2) unstressed syllables (˘) • “In silent night when rest I took” (from “Upon the Burning of Our House) • Iambic Tetrameter (“Husband”=Iambic Pentameter) • Iambic Tetrameter=unstressed-stressed / # of feet = 4 • Iambic Pentameter=unstressed-stressed / # of feet = 5)
More word you need to know • Archaic Language: Words that were once commonly used in the past, but are now out-of-date Examples Include: Thee Ye Thou All of these mean… You.
Last word... For these notes at least (promise) • Inverted Syntax: Reversal of expected order of words • For example: Bradstreet says “when rest I took” instead of “When I took rest”
Now Lets Read! • Turn to page 139 in your book. Follow along. http://www.sidedoorkey.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/maymorning.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbQRMbJmx5g&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=actives.
Question time. • What would be a summary of what we just read? • What is valued more than gold in this poem? • What do you think Bradstreet is saying in the last two lines of this poem?
More Questions • What emotions does Bradstreet express toward her husband? • What relationship is seen between earthly love and eternal life (lines 9-12)?
Now Lets Read Some More! • Turn to page 140 in your book. We can either read as a class or can listen/watch the youtube video. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_TO3oUZWn3Gc/R97PDvS7zBI/AAAAAAAAAJI/a0P6RqijnCQ/s320/burning+house.JPG http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7bEKzp4Bpc&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
Question time. • What would be a summary of what we just read? • What does she conclude about the reason for the fire? • What does Bradstreet miss about her house?
More Questions • What is Bradstreet comparing to a house in lines 43-54? What literary term is this? • Where does she expect to find a permanent home?