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The Age of Chivalry. Standard 2.6 E.Q. What established knighthood in medieval period? . Chivalry . Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat during the reign of Charlemagne’s grandfather, Charles Martal , in the 700’s.

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The Age of Chivalry


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the age of chivalry

The Age of Chivalry

Standard 2.6

E.Q. What established knighthood in medieval period?

chivalry
Chivalry
  • Soldiers mounted on horseback became valuable in combat during the reign of Charlemagne’s grandfather, Charles Martal, in the 700’s.
    • Leather saddles and stirrups changed the way warfare was conducted in Europe.
    • Stirrups enabled him to ride and handle heavier weapons. Important to an army.
warrior s role in feudal society
Warrior’s Role in Feudal Society
  • 11th century, Western Europe was a battle ground of warring nobles for power.
    • Defend feudal lords raised privates armies of knights. Gave them land for loyalty.
  • Knight’s main obligation was to serve in battle.
    • Lord typically demanded about 40 days of combat a year. Knights past – time revolved around training for war.
knighthood and the code of chivalry
Knighthood and the Code of Chivalry
  • Chivalry: Complex set of ideals, demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of three masters.
    • Devoted himself to his earthly feudal lord his heavenly lord, and his chosen lady.
    • Protected the weak and the poor.
    • Ideal knight was loyal, brave, and courteous.
    • Treated lower classes brutally.
knight s training
Knight’s Training
  • Sons of Nobles began training for knighthood at an early age and learned the code of chivalry.
    • 7: boy would be sent off to the castle of another lord as a page.
    • 14: page reached the rank of squire, acting as a servant.
    • At age 21, a quire became a full – fledged knight.
    • Most young men traveled for a year or two, gained experience fighting in local wars.
epic poetry
Epic Poetry
  • Feudal lords and their ladies enjoyed listening to epic poems.
    • Epics retold stories about legendary heroes such as King Arthur.
  • Troubadours: Traveling poet – musicians at the castles and courts of Europe.
    • Might sing about love’s disappointments, others involved lovesick knights who adored ladies.