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The Age of Chivalry. Chapter 13, Section 3 Notes. Constant fighting between nobles fragmented society They fought to: Defend their land Seize new land Increase wealth Prized combat skills New code of behavior that guided actions of warriors. I . Setting the Stage.

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The Age of Chivalry


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the age of chivalry
Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

The Age of Chivalry

Chapter 13, Section 3 Notes

i setting the stage
Constant fighting between nobles fragmented society

They fought to:

Defend their land

Seize new land

Increase wealth

Prized combat skills

New code of behavior that guided actions of warriors

I. Setting the Stage

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

ii knights warriors on horseback
Soldiers on horseback thought to be very valuable in combat

Learned from Muslim cavalry

Charles Martel started Frankish troops of armed horsemen called Knights

II. Knights: Warriors on Horseback

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

iii technology of warfare changes
III. Technology of Warfare Changes
  • Leather saddles and stirrups changed warfare in 700s
    • Saddle: kept warrior in seat
    • Stirrups: helped him ride and handle heavier weapons
  • Mounted knights were most important part of army with their warhorses

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

iv warrior s role in feudal society
IV. Warrior’s Role in Feudal Society
  • For lords to defend their lands, they raised private armies of Knights
    • In turn, they rewarded Knights with land, fiefs, wealth
  • Knight’s main obligation: serve in battle
    • 40 days of combat a year
    • Training, wrestling, hunting

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

v knighthood and the code of chivalry
V. Knighthood and the Code of Chivalry
  • Need to show courage and loyalty
  • 1100s: CODE OF CHIVALRY: a complex set of ideals, demanded that a knight fight bravely in defense of 3 masters:
    • Earthly Feudal Lord
    • His Heavenly Lord
    • His Chosen Lady
  • He protected the weak/poor
  • Characteristics: loyal, brace, courteous

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

slide7
Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction
vi a knight s training
VI. A Knight’s Training
  • At 7- sons of nobles were sent off to castle of another lord to be trained to be a knight…
    • Called a Page- he waited on hosts and started practicing fighting
  • At 14- reached rank of squire
    • Servant to a knight
  • At 21- became a Knight
    • Traveled for 1-2 years
    • Fought local wars
    • Participated in TOURNAMENTS- combined recreations with combat training

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

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Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction
vii brutal reality of warfare
VII. Brutal Reality of Warfare
  • 1100s: massive walls and guard towers encircled stone castles
    • Made as a fortress- designed for defense
  • Castle home to Lord/Lady, Knights, men-at-arms, servants

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

slide11
Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction
slide12

Strategies for war:

    • Poured boiling water/hot oil/molten lead on enemy soldiers
    • Expert archers on roof
    • Trebuchet

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

slide13
Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction
viii the literature of chivalry
VIII. The Literature of Chivalry
  • Downplayed brutality of knighthood/war
  • Idealized castle life; glorified knighthood/chivalry/tournaments/battles
  • Epic Poetry:
    • Recounted hero’s deeds/adventures
    • The Song of Roland: Charlemagne’s knights fighting Muslims
  • Love Poems/Songs
    • Knight’s duties to ladies as important as to lord
    • TROUBADOURS- traveling poets/musicians
    • Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen of England- very popular

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

ix women s role in feudal society
IX. Women’s Role in Feudal society
  • Women: powerless and thought inferior to men
    • View of the Church
  • Noblewomen
    • Can inherit land, defend castle, send knights to war on lord’s request
    • Activities in the home or convent; educated
  • Peasant Women
    • Performed endless labor at home and in fields, bore children, took care of families, household tasks
    • Poor, powerless, uneducated

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

picture citations
Picture Citations
  • Slide 1- http://novaseeker.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/chivalry.jpg
  • Slide 2- http://www.riddy.co.uk/Graphics/KnightOnHorse.JPG
  • Slide 3- http://ospreyknight.com/images/images-lifestyle/horses.jpg
  • Slide 4- http://www.britishbattles.com/100-years-war/crecy/charge-french-knights.jpg
  • Slide 5- http://www.britishbattles.com/100-years-war/crecy/charge-french-knights.jpg
  • Slide 7- http://www.knight-test.aspery.com.au/images/images-lifestyle/knight-chivalry.jpg
  • Slide 7- http://www.nobility-association.com/crusades2.JPG
  • Slide 7- http://gerrirussell.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/GODSPEED.jpg
  • Slide 9- http://www.teachnet.ie/mmorrin/norman/images/joust.jpg
  • Slide 9- http://www.crestock.com/images/900000-909999/906094-xs.jpg
  • Slide 9- http://www.linneaheinrichs.com/images/Knights-Joust.JPG

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

slide17

Slide 10- http://www.medieval-castles.org/castles/images/nice_castle_drawing.gif

  • Slide 10- http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cnoelldunc/pemb_d.gif
  • Slide 11- http://stronghold2.heavengames.com/cpix/cw/cw127keep.jpg
  • Slide 11- http://www.castles.org/Kids_Section/Castle_Story/images/kidcastle1.jpg
  • Slide 12- http://www.medieval-spell.com/Medieval-Siege.html
  • Slide 12- http://www.kyrene.org/schools/brisas/sunda/ma/CATAPUL2.GIF
  • Slide 13- http://www.koralikassoc.com/artists/crnkovich/B_attack_castle.jpg

Made By Fatmeh Reda: Information from Chapter 13 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction